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Nutrients - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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By Nick Birtch Info. Tech 8 P.1. Nutrients. Provides energy (glucose) for body Two types: - Complex carbs (Starches ) - Simple carbs ( Simple sugars) Starches give more energy then simple sugars Simple Sugars lead to tooth decay Absorbed into bloodstream for cells

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carbohydrates

Provides energy (glucose) for body

Two types:

- Complex carbs (Starches)

- Simple carbs (Simple sugars)

Starches give more energy then simple sugars

Simple Sugars lead to tooth decay

Absorbed into bloodstream for cells

Sources: Grains, Vegetables, Fruit, Dairy, etc…

Carbohydrates
slide3

Develops nervous system, Fuels body

  • Three types:
    • Unsaturated fats (Healthy)
    • Saturated fats (Un-Healthy)
    • Trans fats (Un-Healthy)
  • Trans & saturated fats raise cholesterol
  • Sources: Dairy, Meat, Plant Foods
Fats
protein

Builds and maintains muscles and tissues

  • Two Types
    • Complete (Contains all 9 essential amino acids)
    • Incomplete (lacks essential amino acids)
  • Amino acids build proteins
  • 2nd most plentiful substance in body
  • Sources: Meat & Alt, Dairy
Protein
fiber

Prevents diabetes and heart disease

  • Makes us feel full
  • Two types:
    • Soluble Fiber (Lowers cholesterol)
    • Insoluble Fiber ( Helps digestive movement)
  • Contains no calories
  • Sources: Whole Grains, Fruits, Vegetables
Fiber
water

Carries oxygen to cells (Blood)

Helps fight off illness (Lymph)

Needed for digestive juices (Urine)

Contained in perspiration (Sweat)

Makes more than half of body weight

75% of your muscles made of water

Sources: Fruits, vegetables, any fluids

Water
minerals dietary

Builds bones, transmits nerve impulses

  • Makes hormones, helps immune system
  • Forms hemoglobin, transports oxygen around body
  • Two Types:
    • Macro ( Calcium, Potassium, Sodium)
    • Trace (Iron, Zinc, Flouride)
  • Calcium mineral builds bones and teeth
  • Sources: M & A, Dairy, Vegetables, Fruits, Grains
Minerals ( Dietary )
vitamins

Helps bones, eyesight and healing process (D,A,C)

  • Makes protein and energy (B)
  • 2 Types:
    • Fat-soluble (A,D,E,K)
    • Water-soluble (B,C)
  • Unused water-soluble vitamins urinated out
  • Fat-soluble is stored in the body
  • Sources: Fruits, Vegetables, M & A, Dairy, Grains
Vitamins
bibliography

http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/carb.html

http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/focus/nutrition/facts/lifestylemanagement/carbohydrates.htm

http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/fat.html

http://www.healthykids.nsw.gov.au/recipes/facts-about-fats.aspx

http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/protein.html#

http://www.my-kids-best-fitness-and-nutrition.com/protein-facts.html

http://kidshealth.org/teen/food_fitness/nutrition/fiber.html

http://life.familyeducation.com/nutritional-information/foods/48684.html

http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/water.html

http://weightloss.about.com/library/blwater.htm

http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/minerals.html#

http://www.livestrong.com/article/259566-facts-on-minerals-in-food/

http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/vitamin.html#

http://www.livestrong.com/article/206223-vitamin-facts-for-kids/

Bibliography