Apollo 11 By: Tyler Randolph
May 25th, 1961 • President John F. Kennedy addresses a joint session of Congress. • States that his goal, to place a man on the moon and return him safely to the Earth before the decade is out.
Kennedy asks for the nation to commit itself to achieving this goal. • He then asks for 23 million dollars for the development of the Rover nuclear rocket. • Thirdly, 50 million dollars for the acceleration of space satellites for world-wide communications. • Lastly, 75 million dollars for a satellite system for world-wide weather observation.
September 12th, 1962 • President Kennedy makes his famous speech in front of 35,000 people at Rice University in Houston, Texas. • His intent was to inform and convince the American people on the topic of NASA and of manned flight to the moon.
September 12th, 1962 "We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too."
Apollo Missions Apollo 1 - January 27th, 1967 - Flash Fire swept through module during launch rehearsal test, killing the three astronauts inside. Apollo 2-6 - Unmanned missions and test launches.
Apollo 7 - October 11th, 1968 - Demonstrated command and service module, and crew performance. Apollo 8 - December 21st, 1968 - First spacecraft to orbit the moon.
Apollo 9 - March 3rd, 1969 - First manned flight, docking, and extraction of a Lunar Module. Apollo 10 - A “dress rehearsal” for the Apollo 11 mission. - Tested all procedures and components of a moon landing without actually landing on the moon.
Astronauts Neil A. Armstrong -Born August 5th, 1930 in Wapakoneta, Ohio. - Served as a naval aviator from 1949-1952 and served in the Korean War. -Joined the NACA in 1955. He was an engineer, test pilot, astronaut, and administrator for the NACA and NASA. - Command pilot of the Gemini 8 mission. - Commander of the Apollo 11 mission.
Astronauts Edwin “Buzz” E. Aldrin Jr. - Born January 20th, 1930 in New Jersey. - West Point Military Academy -Flew 66 combat missions in Korea. - Joined space program in 1963 - Buzz was a member of the Gemini 12 mission. - Lunar module pilot in the Apollo 11 mission.
Astronauts Michael Collins -Born on October 31st, 1930 in Rome, Italy. -Attended West Point Military Academy - Member of the 21st Fighter-Bomber Wing in the Air Force. - Joined the USAF Aerospace Research Pilot School then later in 1963, was chosen by NASA. - Spacewalked in the Gemini 10 mission. - Command Module Pilot on the Apollo 11 mission.
Their Ride The Saturn V rocket - 363 foot tall, 6.2 million pound, Heavy Lift Vehicle. - 7.6 million pounds of thrust - Could carry 130 tons used enough fuel to send a car around the earth 800 times. - Packed with enough fuel to throw 100-pound shrapnel three miles. NASA couldn’t rule out the possibility that it might explode. - The rocket had three stages of lift. First lifted the rocket to 42 miles. The second stage carried it into Earths orbit. The third carried it out of orbit and toward the moon. The first and second stages fell into the ocean. The third stayed in space.
Pre-Launch 11/21/68 - LM-5 integrated systems test12/6/68 - CSM-107 integrated systems test12/13/68 - LM-5 acceptance test1/8/69 - LM-5 ascent stage delivered to Kennedy1/12/69 - LM-5 descent stage delivered to Kennedy1/18/69 - S-IVB ondock at Kennedy1/23/69 - CSM ondock at Kennedy1/29/69 - command and service module mated2/6/69 - S-II ondock at Kennedy2/20/69 - S-IC ondock at Kennedy2/17/69 - combined CSM-107 systems tests2/27/69 - S-IU ondock at Kennedy3/24/69 - CSM-107 altitude testing4/14/69 - rollover of CSM from the Operations and Checkout Building to the Vehicle Assembly Building4/22/69 - integrated systems test5/5/69 - CSM electrical mate to Saturn V5/20/69 - rollout to Launch Pad 39A6/1/69 - flight readiness test6/26/69 - Countdown Demonstration Test
Launch July 16th, 1969 9:32 A.M. EDT - Launch Pad 39A at Kennedy Space Center. -High Bay 1 - Mobile Launcher Platform-1 - Firing Room 1 - 12 minutes later, the astronauts are in orbit 120 miles above Earth.
July 18th, 19th • Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin put on their suits and moved from Columbia to Eagle to check everything out. • 75 hours, 50 minutes into the flight, the craft enters lunar orbit. • They had nothing else to do besides, “just kind of gazed out of the window at the Earth getting smaller and smaller, did housekeeping things, and checking the spacecraft.”
July 20th • Aldrin and Armstrong once again enter the Lunar Module. • At 100 hours, 12 minutes, the Eagle undocked. • 102 hours, 45 minutes, Armstrong manually lands the Lunar Module in the Sea of Tranquility on the moon’s surface, four miles off course. • Almost ran out of fuel. • Had 20 seconds left.
“That’s one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind”-Neil Armstrong 109 hours, 42 minutes after launch • After 4 hours on the moons surface, Neil Armstrong opens the door of the Lunar Module and steps onto the moon’s surface. • 20 minutes later, Buzz Aldrin follows.
Moon Walk • Commemorative medallions with the names of the Apollo 1 astronauts were placed on the moon’s surface. • Placed the American flag on the moons surface. • Aldrin and Armstrong spent 21 hours, 36 minutes on the moon. • Performed tests with the Early Apollo Scientific Package. • Collected 50 pounds of material from the moon’s surface.
Return to Earth • July 24th, 1969, 44 hours after leaving the moon, the craft enters the atmosphere. • Parachute deploys at 195 hours, 13 minutes. • 36 minutes longer than planned, Apollo 11 lands in the Pacific Ocean, 13 miles from the recovery ship, USS Hornet. • Thus, fulfilling President Kennedy’s dream of going to the moon and returning safely. • They were then immediately quarantined for three weeks.
Incase of Failure Fate has ordained that the men who went to the moon to explore in peace will stay on the moon to rest in peace.These brave men, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, know that there is no hope for their recovery. But they also know that there is hope for mankind in their sacrifice.These two men are laying down their lives in mankind's most noble goal: the search for truth and understanding.They will be mourned by their families and friends; they will be mourned by their nation; they will be mourned by the people of the world; they will be mourned by a Mother Earth that dared send two of her sons into the unknown.In their exploration, they stirred the people of the world to feel as one; in their sacrifice, they bind more tightly the brotherhood of man.In ancient days, men looked at stars and saw their heroes in the constellations. In modern times, we do much the same, but our heroes are epic men of flesh and blood.Others will follow and surely find their way home. Man's search will not be denied. But these men were the first, and they will remain the foremost in our hearts.For every human being who looks up at the moon in the nights to come will know that there is some corner of another world that is forever mankind.
Sources • http://www.rferl.org/content/kennedy-moon-speech-rice-university-50th-anniversary/24706222.html • http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo11.html#.U4TV8SpOUpE • http://www.space.com/11772-president-kennedy-historic-speech-moon-space.html • http://www.space.com/17338-apollo-1.html • http://www.popsci.com/blog-network/vintage-space/what-happened-apollos-2-and-3 • http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo7.html • http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo8.html#.U4VBAfldWgs • http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo9.html • http://www.nasa.gov/centers/glenn/about/bios/neilabio.html • http://www.space.com/16280-buzz-aldrin.html • http://www.biography.com/people/michael-collins-9253724#astronaut&awesm=~oFwGfJNnDLhva4 • http://www.nasa.gov/audience/foreducators/rocketry/home/what-was-the-saturn-v-58.html#.U4VVhfldWgs