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The Names Project. Mr. Feeley. My name is from WHAT language?!?!. You may be wondering why your given name or surname has its origins in Hebrew, Greek, Latin, or Arabic? Here is why! . Hebrew. עִבְרִית.

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The names project

The Names Project

Mr. Feeley


My name is from what language
My name is from WHAT language?!?!

You may be wondering why your given name or surname has its origins in Hebrew, Greek, Latin, or Arabic?

Here is why!


Hebrew
Hebrew

עִבְרִית


The names project

The Iron Age Kingdom of Israel (blue) and Kingdom of Judah (yellow), with their neighbors (tan) (8th century BCE).

Hebrew flourished as a spoken language in the kingdoms of Israel and Judah during the 10th to 7th centuries BCE.

The Old Testament emerged from the Jewish traditions of Ancient Israel.


Greek
Greek (yellow), with their neighbors (tan) (8th century BCE).

λληνική

Greek has been spoken in the Balkan Peninsula since around the late 3rd millennium BCE.

Greek Civilization Archaic Period 800 BCE to 500 BCE

Classical Period 500-323 BCE

Hellenistic Period 323 BC to 146 CE



The names project

GREEK EMPIRE: Alexander the Great’s empire at the time of its maximum expansion (Hellinistic Period)


Latin
Latin its maximum expansion (Hellinistic Period)

latīna

Roman Era

500 BC - early 400’s CE

Latin was the dominant language of the Roman Empire.


The names project

Roman Empire at its most extensive. 117 AD its maximum expansion (Hellinistic Period)


Emperor constantine of rome
Emperor Constantine of Rome its maximum expansion (Hellinistic Period)

  • Roman Emperor 306 to 337 AD

  • Christianity became the dominant Roman religion after 2 ½ centuries of persecution

  • Much of the New Testament emerged during this era.

  • Stories and names from the Christian Old and New Testaments received a big push into Europe’s future.


The names project

Western Roman Empire Falls in the 400’s CE. its maximum expansion (Hellinistic Period)

Barbarian Invaders

500’s CE:

Ostrogoths

Huns

Visigoths ***

Vandals


Arabic
Arabic its maximum expansion (Hellinistic Period)

  • Classical Arabic 500’s CE

  • Greatly impacted Spanish between 700’s CE and 1492 (4,000 words, 8% of dictionary)

  • Second greatest impact after Latin


The names project

  • Islamic Empire its maximum expansion (Hellinistic Period)

  • Spread of Islam and Arabic (622-750)


The names project

The province of al-Andalus just after the Islamic conquest, its maximum expansion (Hellinistic Period)

720 CE

Al-Andalus & Christian Kingdoms circa 1000 CE


The names project

http://faculty.umf.maine.edu/walter.sargent/public.www/web%20103/outline%202%20umf%20103_06.htmhttp://faculty.umf.maine.edu/walter.sargent/public.www/web%20103/outline%202%20umf%20103_06.htm


The names project

http://awesomemiddleageshastings.weebly.com/-inquisition--reconquista---scott-r.htmlhttp://awesomemiddleageshastings.weebly.com/-inquisition--reconquista---scott-r.html


The names project

Romance languages derived from Latin (including http://awesomemiddleageshastings.weebly.com/-inquisition--reconquista---scott-r.htmlSPANISH!)


The names project

Map of Spanish America at the end of the 1700’shttp://awesomemiddleageshastings.weebly.com/-inquisition--reconquista---scott-r.html


My name means what why
My name means WHAT?!?! WHY?! http://awesomemiddleageshastings.weebly.com/-inquisition--reconquista---scott-r.html

You may be wondering why one of your names means, “exalted one” or “warrior” or “skinny guy” or “fortress” or “cave.”

Here is why!


Customs for first names
Customs for first nameshttp://awesomemiddleageshastings.weebly.com/-inquisition--reconquista---scott-r.html

Aspiring personal traits. For example, the name Clement means "merciful." (e.g Faith, Prudence)

Occupations. (e.g. George means "earth-worker", i.e., "farmer").

Circumstances of birth. (e.g. Thomas means"twin" or the Latin name Quintus, which was traditionally given to the fifth male child.

Objects. (e.g. Peter means "rock" and Edgar means "rich spear.”)

Physical characteristics. (e.g. Calvin means "bald.”)

Variations on another name, especially to change the sex of the name (e.g. Pauline, Georgia) or to translate from another language (fe.g. the names Francis or Francisco that come from the name Franciscus meaning "Frenchman").

Surnames. (e.g. Winston, Harrison, and Ross). Such names can honour other branches of a family, where the surname would not otherwise be passed down (e.g., the mother's maiden surname).

Places. (e.g. Brittany, Lorraine.)

Characters/Words from Myths, Legends, the Bible, Names of saints. (e.g. Jesse, Noah, Genesis, Santiago, Jesus, Maria).


Surname customs english
Surname customs -ENGLISHhttp://awesomemiddleageshastings.weebly.com/-inquisition--reconquista---scott-r.html

Occupational surnames e.g. Baker, Brewer, Butcher, Hunter, Knight

Personal characteristics e.g., Brown, Black, Whitehead, Young, Long, White

Geographical features e.g., Bridge, Camp, Hill, Bush, Lake, Lee, Wood, Fields

Toponymic surnames:

Place names e.g., Hamilton, London, Flint,

Estate names For those descended from land-owners, the name of their holdings, castle, manor or estate, e.g. Ernle, Windsor, Staunton

Patronymics, matronymics or ancestral, often from a person's given name. e.g., from male name: Richardson, Stephenson, Jackson,Wilson, Thompson, Johnson, Nicholson, Robinson, or female names Molson (from Moll for Mary), Madison (from Maud), Emmott (from Emma), Marriott (from Mary) or from a clan name (for those of Scottish origin, e.g., MacDonald, Forbes, Henderson, Armstrong, Grant, Cameron, with "Mac"Scottish Gaelic for son.


Surname customs spanish
Surname customs SPANISHhttp://awesomemiddleageshastings.weebly.com/-inquisition--reconquista---scott-r.html

Patronymic system was used in the Middle Ages. (e.g. Álvaro, the son of Rodrigo would be named Álvaro Rodríguez. His son, Juan, would not be named Juan Rodríguez, but Juan Álvarez. Over time, many of these patronymics became family names and are some of the most common names in the Spanish-speaking world.

Personal appearance or habit, e.g. Delgado ("thin") and Moreno (polysemous word, it can mean "brown skined", "dark skined", "tanned skined", "brunette hair" or "black hair")

Occupations, e.g. Molinero ("miller"), Zapatero ("Shoe-maker") and Guerrero ("warrior")

Geoographic location or ethnicity, e.g. Alemán ("German")

In Spain and in many Spanish-speaking countries, people traditionally have two family names: the first family name is the paternal one, inherited from the father's paternal family name, while the second family name is the maternal one, inherited from the mother's paternal family name.

e.g. Javier Serratos-Gonzalez


Bibliography
Bibliographyhttp://awesomemiddleageshastings.weebly.com/-inquisition--reconquista---scott-r.html

Al-Andalus. (2014, March 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:39, March 10, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Al-Andalus&oldid=598147563

Archaic Greece. (2014, February 21). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 13:45, March 10, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Archaic_Greece&oldid=596453157

Barbarian. (2014, February 26). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:31, March 10, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Barbarian&oldid=597286753


Bibliography1
Bibliographyhttp://awesomemiddleageshastings.weebly.com/-inquisition--reconquista---scott-r.html

Constantine the Great. (2014, March 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:16, March 10, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Constantine_the_Great&oldid=598065124

Family name. (2014, March 10). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 21:13, March 10, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Family_name&oldid=598979420

Given name. (2014, February 22). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 21:13, March 10, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Given_name&oldid=596679057


Bibliography2
Bibliographyhttp://awesomemiddleageshastings.weebly.com/-inquisition--reconquista---scott-r.html

Hebrew language. (2014, March 9). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 13:55, March 10, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hebrew_language&oldid=598809710

History of ancient Israel and Judah. (2014, March 2). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 13:50, March 10, 2014, fromhttp://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_ancient_Israel_and_Judah&oldid=597862288

Latin. (2014, March 10). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:08, March 10, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Latin&oldid=598925944


Bibliography3
Bibliographyhttp://awesomemiddleageshastings.weebly.com/-inquisition--reconquista---scott-r.html

Roman Empire. (2014, March 9). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 13:59, March 10, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Roman_Empire&oldid=598894793

Spanish colonization of the Americas. (2014, March 7). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 15:40, March 10, 2014, fromhttp://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spanish_colonization_of_the_Americas&oldid=598483103

Spread of Islam. (2014, March 3). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:27, March 10, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spread_of_Islam&oldid=597924295