The L2 Acquisition of the semantics and morphology of Aspect: a study of the acquisition of the Spanish imperfect-perfective contrast by native speakers of English. María J. Arche , Laura Domínguez & Florence Myles. This talk.
The L2 Acquisition of the semantics and morphology of Aspect: a study of the acquisition of the Spanish imperfect-perfective contrast by native speakers of English
María J. Arche, Laura Domínguez & Florence Myles
1. Learners first use (perfective) past marking with achievement and
accomplishment verbs, eventually extending use to activity and state
2. In languages that encode the perfective-imperfective distinction
morphologically, imperfective past appears later than perfective past,
and imperfective past marking begins with states and activities (i.e.,
atelic verbs), then extends to accomplishments and achievements (i.e.,
3. In languages that have progressive aspect, use of progressive marking
begins with activity verbs and then extends to accomplishment and
4. Learners do not incorrectly attach progressive marking to stative verbs.
Learners were given the prompt in English
Five-point Likert scale
Test measures both acceptance of the correct form and rejection of the incorrect one
2. No statistical differences in acceptance of the imperfect and rejection of the preterit were found according to type of predicates (stative or eventive).
Continuous meaning (available only with states) is the one where learners perform the worst.
6. Event type does not have an impact on the correct acceptance of imperfect and rejection of the preterit.
The SPLLOC 2 project is
supported by ESRC research grant (RES-062-23-1075)
We would like to thank all the participants in the project, including subjects, transcribers and fieldworkers
Stowell 1993 - 2007; Demirdache&Uribe-Etxebarría 1998 - 2007.
The quantifier over occasions (Verkuyl 1993) enables us to account for the differences found within the imperfect. Progressive, habitual and continuous share the ordering property (within) but differ in the amount of instances of the event they refer to (one, more than one or, possibly none, ).
(2) In his twenties, John used to go by bus to uni.
(3) When I called him, John was going to uni
(6) In his twenties, John was grey-haired.
(7) John was sick the whole of 2002
Red font text: Topic Time