Starting Academic Research. Methodological Perspectives. Introduction. In this session we will cover: Research philosophy. Methodology. Induction v Deduction. Approaches to strategy. Anatomy of research. Strategy includes Practice includes Writing includes
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Strategy includesPractice includesWriting includes
Discipline Question isolationIntroduction
Literature reviewLiterature review
Methodology: Primary research:Methodology section
the thing being studied.
Discipline > philosophy > methodology > practice
What is there to know?
How can we know it?
What is the best way to approach this research?
“The search for the best way to do things is for me, the key to a good research study. If I think about my own research and those studies carried out by students whom I have supervised, there are two things which cannot really be done without. The first is a good question (or questions) and the second is the means by which that question is investigated… It is methodology which makes the difference. By which I mean that it is, the construction and justification of the enquiry, which ultimately gives credence to, or calls into question, the finings. And such questions of ‘how’ and ‘why’ can matter long after the study has been completed and reported.”
Cathy Nutbrown in
Clough and Nutbrown (2002: x)
“It is the task of methodology to uncover and justify research assumptions as far and as practicably as possible, and in so doing to locate the claims which the research makes within the traditions of enquiry which use it. Equally, it is our task, as researchers, to identify our research tools and our rationale for their selection.”
(Clough and Nutbrown 2002: 34)
Can you put this
into your own
“The 1988 One Day in the Life of Television project marked the beginning of the present study. This ‘mass observation’ project involved 22,000 people from around the United Kingdom who wrote a diary about their television viewing for 1 November 1988… This study’s participants included both media practitioners and viewers.”
Hill and Gauntlett (2004: 13)
Ontology: Objectivism Constructionism
Epistemology: Natural science Interpretation
Development: Deduction Induction
The categories were
Clough, P. and Nutbrown, C. (2002) A Student’s Guide to Methodology. London: Sage.
Hill, A. and Gauntlett, D. (2004) TV Living: Television, Culture and Everyday Life. London: Routledge.