THE INTERNATIONAL DATING VIOLENCE STUDY * - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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THE INTERNATIONAL DATING VIOLENCE STUDY * PowerPoint Presentation
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THE INTERNATIONAL DATING VIOLENCE STUDY *

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  1. THE INTERNATIONAL DATING VIOLENCE STUDY* A STUDY OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN 34 COUNTRIES • The work was supported by National Institute of Mental Health grant T32MH15161 and the University of New Hampshire.

  2. PURPOSE 2: TEST THEORIES ABOUT THE CAUSESOF VIOLENCE AGAINST PARTNERSEXAMPLES ANTI-SOCIAL PERSONALITY ALCOHOL ABUSE ANGER MANAGEMENT SKILL DOMINANCE OF ONE PARTNER COMMUNICATION PROBLEMS CRIMINALITY GENDER HOSTILITY GENDER INEQUALITY SOCIAL INTEGRATION SOCIAL STRESS VIOLENT CHILD REARING VIOLENT CULTURAL NORMS


  3. SOME FINDINGS ON RATES OF ASSULT AND INJURY

  4. MEASURE OF PHYSICAL ASSAULT Minor Physical Assault: ·Threw something at partner that could hurt ·Twisted my partner’s arm or hair ·Pushed or shoved my partner ·Grabbed my partner ·Slapped my partner Severe Physical Assault: ·Used knife or gun on partner on my partner ·Punched or hit my partner with something that could hurt ·Choked my partner ·Slammed my partner against a wall ·Beat up my partner ·Burned or scalded my partner ·Kicked my partner coefficient of reliability = .86.

  5. Europe Asia & Middle East North America Latin America

  6. Europe Asia & Middle East North America Latin America

  7. CTS2

  8. CTS2

  9. Europe Asia & Middle East North America Latin America

  10. Europe Asia & Middle East North America Latin America

  11. CONCLUSIONS HIGH RATES OF ASSAULT AND SEXUAL COERCION IN ALL COUNTRIES THE INJURY DATA SHOWS THAT MANY ASSAULTS ARE NOT TRIVIAL RATES OF PERPETRATION BY WOMEN AND MEN ARE SIMILAR, EXCEPT MEN CAUSE MORE INJURY MORE MEN PHYSICALLY FORCE SEX RESULTS ARE CONSISTENT WITH OTHER STUDIES OF STUDENTS CULTURAL DIFFERENCES ARE PRESENT BUT NOT USUALLY VERY LARGE

  12. SOME FINDINGS ON RISK FACTORS FOR VIOLENCE AGAINST A DATING PARTNER

  13. RISK FACTORS FOR PSYSYCHOLOGICAL AGGRESSION (VERBAL ATTACKS)* RISK FACTORS ARE SIMILAR TO RISK FACTORS FOR PHYSICAL ASSAULT* PROBABLY BECAUSE PSYCHOLGICAL AND PHYSICAL ATTACKS ARE HIGHLY CORRELATED

  14. CTS2

  15. CONCLUSIONS VIOLENCE AGAINST DATING PARTNERS HAS MANY “CAUSES” (“RISK FACTORS”) THE “CAUSES” OF VIOLENCE AGAINST PARTNERS ARE SIMILAR FOR MEN AND WOMEN EACH ADDITONAL RISK FACTOR INCREASE THE PROBABILITY OF VIOLENCE, BUT NONE GUARANTEE IT MOST OF THE RISK FACTORS ARE THINGS THAT CAN BE CHANGED

  16. ST0P

  17. THE CONFLICT TACTICS SCALES PHYSICAL ASSAULT INJ

  18. RELIABILITY OF THE PRP PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF ALPHA COEFFICIENTS FOR STUDENT AND OFFENDER SAMPLES ALPHASTUDENTSOFFENDERS < .59 -- 13% .60 TO .69 29% 40% .70 TO .79 38% 40% .80 TO .87 33% 7%   MEAN .74 .69 MEAN ALPHA COEFFICIENT 437 STUDENTS = .74 102 OFFENDERS = 69