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WEIMAR GERMANY 1919-1933. Frederic EBERT Was the first president of Germany. WOMEN VOTING FOR THE FIRST TIME IN GERMANY 1919. FAILURE OF DEMOCRACY IN GERMANY. Bloodless Revolution 1918 Kaiser fled to Holland and a republic was proclaimed

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weimar germany 1919 1933
WEIMAR GERMANY1919-1933

Frederic EBERT

Was the first president of Germany

WOMEN VOTING FOR THE FIRST TIME IN GERMANY 1919

failure of democracy in germany
FAILURE OF DEMOCRACY IN GERMANY
  • Bloodless Revolution 1918
  • Kaiser fled to Holland and a republic was proclaimed
  • A new constitution was written in the small town of Weimar.
civil unrest in germany
CIVIL UNREST IN GERMANY
  • Democracy was new and untested
  • The German Civilian Population was Unhappy Because:
  • Post War recession
  • Germany had lost the war (people blamed the Gov’t)
  • Treaty of Versailles
  • War Guilt Clause
  • Lack of food and supplies
three attempted revolutions in germany
Three Attempted Revolutions in Germany
  • On January 1, 1919 the communists Party (Spartacists) attempted to executed a short-lived communist revolution in Berlin
  • Ebert ordered the army and the FreiKorps to crush the revolution.
  • Luxemburg and Liebknecht, were killed and their bodies dumped in a river. Hundreds of Spartacists were executed in the weeks following the uprising.
slide6

FREI KORP FIGHTING SPARTACISTS

COMMUNISTS (SPARTACISTS)

Liebknecht

ROSA LUXEMBRUG

2 kapp putsch
2. KAPP PUTSCH
  • Parts of the military seized Berlin and appointed Kapp as Chancellor
  • This coup was stopped when the public staged a general strike of protest.

WolfgangKAPP

3 beer hall putsch or munich putsch 1923
3. BEER HALL PUTSCH ORMUNICH PUTSCH 1923
  • National Socialist German Workers Party
  • 1923 During the Ruhr Occupation, Hitler Led his march on Munich
  • Hitler and Ludendorff were arrested
  • Hitler was sentenced to 5 years in prison (served 9 months)
  • He wrote “MEIN KAMPF”

YOUNG HITLER

NAZIS MARCHING TO TOWN HALL

french occupation of the ruhr
FRENCH OCCUPATION OF THE RUHR
  • In 1923 Germany stopped paying reparations
  • France and Belgium sent troops to the Ruhr (coal, steel, industry) To collect reparations and cripple the German economy
  • German workers went on strike in the Ruhr
results of the occupation
RESULTS OF THE OCCUPATION:
  • Strikes in Germany
  • Beer Hall Putsch
  • Sympathy for Germany
  • DAWES PLAN – Reparations were renegotiated (1923) USA loans available to Germany
  • YOUNG PLAN 1929 – Payment plan for decreased reparations
  • Gustav Stressman (German foreign Minister and Chancellor) ended the strikes (French Troops left in 1925)
german hyper inflation
GERMAN HYPER INFLATION
  • German currency “de-valued” dramatically
  • Inflation increased in the “thousands of %
  • German money became worthless
  • Eventually the currency was replaced with a new currency
  • (Rentenmark)

MILLION MARK NOTE

USING MONEY FOR FIRE WOOD

golden years for germany 1923 28
GOLDEN YEARS FOR GERMANY 1923-28
  • Stresemann became Chancellor of Germany
  • 1. He stabilized the German currency
  • 2. Ordered the workers back in the Ruhr
  • 3. Germany continued to pay reparations
  • 4. Negotiated the Young and Dawes Plans
  • 5. Joined the league of Nations
  • 6. Signed the Lacarno Treaties

Stresemann

Stresemann at the League of Nations

locarno pact 1925
LOCARNO PACT 1925
  • Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Belgium and Polandsigned treaties in Locarno Switzerland.
  • settled security issues from World War I. (Germany promised not to attack anyone)
  • confirmed Germany’s borders with France and Belgium. (from the Treaty of Versailles)
  • Germany also signed agreements on borders with her eastern neighbors, Poland and Czechoslovakia.
  • The Lacarno Pact made it possible for Germany to enter the League of Nations.
  • This commenced an era of international harmony