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What does Hawaii have to offer?. Why Hawaii: Background. Location, location, location Missionaries Money interests Sugar trade – plantation owners white Americans Independent monarchy The native people. One early visitor described.

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why hawaii background
Why Hawaii: Background
  • Location, location, location
  • Missionaries
  • Money interests
    • Sugar trade – plantation owners white Americans

Independent monarchy

The native people

one early visitor described
One early visitor described...
  • The ease with which the Hawaiians on their own land can secure their food supply has undoubtably interfered with their social and industrial advancement. . . . [It] relieves the native from any struggle and unfits him for sustained competition with men from other lands. The fact that food is supplied by nature takes from the native all desire for the acquisition of more land. Today's food can be had for the picking, and tomorrow's as well. Instead of grasping all he can get, he divides with his neighbor, and confidently expects his neighbor to divide with him.
how the us takes hawaii background
How the US Takes Hawaii: Background
  • Americans dominate economy & government
    • Build plantations, warehouses, railroads, banks, hotels, stores, et cetera
    • Dominated Hawaii’s legislature and cabinet!
    • King Kalakaua - 1887 Constitution: Pearl Harbor & voting rights
  • “Hawaii for Hawaiians” versus annexation
    • Sugar interests increase in 1890 tariff

“The cause of Hawaiian independence is larger and dearer than the life of any man connected with it. Love of country is deep seated in the breast of every Hawaiian, whatever his station.”

Queen Lili’uokalani

queen lil fights back
Queen Lil Fights Back
  • 1891: Queen Liliuokalani , “Hawaii for Hawaiians”
  • 1887 constitution void
  • New constitution strengthen monarchy
the americans get aggressive
The Americans Get Aggressive
  • 1893, planter uprising overthrow Lil
    • The provisional government "would exist until terms of union with the United States of America have been negotiated and agreed upon.“
    • Sanford Dole (President)
    • marines stormed the islands
    • raised stars and stripes in Honolulu.

Sanford Dole

the road to annexation
The Road to Annexation
  • New President: Grover Cleveland – opposed & withdrew annexation treaty
  • Dole, “no right to meddle”
  • July 4, 1894: Republic of Hawaii
  • Skirmishes and martial law
  • US people favored annexation
  • 1896: McKinley & Spanish American War 1898
    • July 1898: Hawaii becomes territory USA – what changed????

Grover Cleveland

William McKinley


How did America’s actions in Cuba compare to those in Hawaii

  • Do you think America’s actions in Hawaii were fair? Explain

Grover Cleveland

William McKinley

Sanford Dole


“The New Temptation on the Mount: “ Behold all this I will give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me.” A “World- Wide Empire” including Hawaii and the Philippines, is offered on the horizon.