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Federalism: Forging a Nation

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  1. Federalism: Forging a Nation Chapter 3

  2. Federalism: National and State Sovereignty • The Argument for Federalism • Authority divided into two levels: national and regional • Protects liberty • Moderates government power by sharing • Strengthening the union

  3. Federalism: National and State Sovereignty • The Powers of the Nation • Enumerated powers • 17 powerssecure defense & stable commerce • Implied powers • “necessary and proper” actionsgovernment support

  4. Federalism: National and State Sovereignty • The Powers of the States • Oversight of public morals, education, and safety

  5. Federalism as a Governing System, Figure 3-1

  6. Federalism in Historical Perspective • An Indestructible Union (1789-1865) • The nationalist view: McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) • The states’-rights view: The Dred Scott Decision (1857)

  7. Federalism in Historical Perspective • Dual Federalism and Laissez-Faire Capitalism (1865-1937) • Dual Federalism: separation of national from state power • The Fourteenth Amendment and State Discretion

  8. Federalism in Historical Perspective • Dual Federalism and Laissez-Faire Capitalism (1865-1937) • Judicial Protection of Business • Supreme court restricted national power • National Authority Prevails

  9. Federalism in Historical Perspective • Toward National Citizenship • Equal civil rights across all states • Fourteenth Amendment • Exceptions: death penalty, quality of public schools

  10. Federalism Today • Interdependency/Intergovernmental • Cooperative federalism: shared policy responsibilities • National, state, and local levels work together • Medicaid: health insurance for the poor • Education • Law enforcement • Transportation

  11. Federalism Today • Government Revenues and Intergovernmental Relations • Fiscal Federalism • Categorical and Block Grants

  12. Federalism Today • A new Federalism: Devolution • Budgetary Pressures and Public Opinion • The Republican Revolution • Devolution, Judicial Style

  13. The Public’s Influence • Setting the Boundaries of Federal-State Power • Roosevelt’s “New Deal”jobs during the Great Depression • Lyndon Johnson’s “Great Society”increased social services

  14. The Public’s Influence • Setting the Boundaries of Federal-State Power • Republican successes in Congressional elections due to public’s dissatisfaction with the federal government