World War One Practice Exam Questions. Trench Warfare. Hints and clues to answering exam questions Read through all the questions. If the question asks you to use Source and Recall, write SR , (Source and Recall), next to it.
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e.g.Source A is of valueasevidence of the conditions in which men fought in the First World War,
Source ____ is of value in____________________________________________________
[say whowrote the source, when, and whatthe source is]
If it is a primary source ADD “The author had the benefit of being there at the time”
If it is a secondary source, the writer has the benefit of hindsight, so you should ADD something like: “As a historian he has more evidence from which to draw conclusions”
because it is an extract from ________________________________ .
e.g. because it is a photograph taken in 1917 on the Western Front. As an original photograph taken at the time it is a primary source, so may be a picture showing what conditions were like.
e.g. This source was produced possibly to keep a record of what conditions on the Western Front were like, or maybe to show people at the time how horrific it was.
e.g. The source showswet, muddy conditions, with wounded or dead soldiers laying on ladders being used as stretchers. Soldiers are using the ladders to cross large craters of muddy water, and others are queuing up with further ladders, possibly in order to collect more bodies. The photo possibly shows the aftermath of a battle, and the clearing up exercise.
This source was possibly written to ___________________________ .
The source shows ________________________________________ .
[write why you think the source was written e.g. to place the blame] Always write “possibly”.
quote from the source OR give a detailed description of the picture
Your quotes from the source should back up why the source was written.
You can add additional information to explain what has been said/shown in the source.
Add additional information from your own memory
e.g. Conditions on the Western Front were terrible, and this photograph shows it clearly. Many men got trench foot from living in the wet, muddy conditions. Bomb craters filled with water and soldiers drowned. The source shows how horrific the work after a battle was, clearing the bodies of your comrades.
e.g. In conclusion this source is very useful as evidence ofthe conditions in which men fought in the First World waras it is anoriginal photograph taken at the time. Some photographs were taken as propaganda, and these could be staged, but this photo looks as if it was taken to show what actual conditions were like.
In conclusion this source is very useful as evidence of ___________as it is a _______________ by ________________. He uses the ________ to show ___________________________________.
In Source A George Coppard describes his experiences of the First World War
The Battalion moved up the communication trench to the front line trench at a snail’s pace, suffering heavy casualties from shrapnel fire. We passed stretcher bearers with the wounded and groups of tired troops going to the rear. We would soon be in the attack on the German front line.
1. What methods of fighting were used on the Western Front in the First World War?
The trenches stretched from the Swiss Alps to the English Channel. In these trenches, soldiers were often knee-deep in mud. Many were drowned when they slipped into flooded shell holes. When the temperature dropped they suffered from frost-bite.
2. Describe conditions for soldiers in the trenches on the Western Front.