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CENSUS OF INDIA 2011. SOCIAL AND CULTURAL TABLES - AGE. RELEASE OF. Dr. C. CHANDRAMOULI REGISTRAR GENERAL & CENSUS COMMISSIONER, INDIA MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS August 2013. DATA HIGHLIGHTS. Background. So far the data released from Census 2011 pertained to :

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SOCIAL AND CULTURAL TABLES - AGE


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    1. CENSUS OF INDIA 2011 SOCIAL AND CULTURAL TABLES - AGE RELEASE OF Dr. C. CHANDRAMOULIREGISTRAR GENERAL & CENSUS COMMISSIONER, INDIA MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS August 2013 DATA HIGHLIGHTS

    2. Background • So far the data released from Census 2011 pertained to : • Houselisting and Housing Census • Primary Census Abstract covering final results on: • Total population by sex, • SC, ST population by sex, • Literacy by sex • Workers, non-workers and categories of economic activity by sex

    3. Data Release – Indicators • The present set of results pertain to data collected in the Census 2011 on age • Age is one of the core topics in Population Census • Census results have three basic tabulation levels, namely, rural/urban, sex and age. • Distribution of population by age is an essential prerequisite for dissemination of census results by age and for population projection • The figures exclude the estimated population of Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur

    4. DATA ON AGE – HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

    5. Census of India • Data on age is collected since the first Census in1872 • Up to Census 2001, a direct question on age was recorded • In Census 1991, Tables on age were published based on a sample tabulation of 10% forms • In Census 2001, Tables on age were published on full count basis • In Census 2011, for the first time, data on both date of birth and age has been recorded • Results on age in Census 2011 have been compiled based on responses in these two questions on a full count basis

    6. DATA HIGHLIGHTS

    7. Population of selected age groupsIndia : 1991 to 2011 (in million)

    8. Percentage of Population in selected age groupsIndia : 1991 to 2011 Demographic dividend: Percentage of persons in age-group 15-59 years have increased by 3.4% in 2011 compared to 2001

    9. Adolescent, Young and AdultsIndia : 1991 to 2011

    10. Percentage of children (0-4 years) to total population Census 2011

    11. Percentage of persons in 5-9 years as % to total population Census 2011

    12. In Census 2011, 19.8% of persons are in age group 0-9 years compared to 23.2% in Census 2001

    13. Percentage of persons in 10-14 years to total population Census 2011

    14. Adolescents (age10-19 years) as % to total population Census 2011

    15. Adolescents (age10-19 years) as % to total population Census 2011 (among major States)

    16. Percentage of Young (age15-24 years) to total population Census 2011

    17. Percentage of Young (age15-24 years) to total population Census 2011 (among major States)

    18. Percentage of adults (age 18 years or more) to total population Census 2011

    19. Percentage of adults (age 18 years or more) to total population Census 2011 (major States)

    20. Percentage of working age (15-59 years) to total population Census 2011

    21. Percentage of working age (15-59 years) to total population Census 2011 (major States)

    22. Percentage of elderly (60 years or more) to total population Census 2011

    23. Percentage of elderly (60 years or more) to total population Census 2011 (major States)

    24. In Census 2011, 8.6 % of persons are in age group 60+ years compared to 7.4 % in Census 2001 Aged persons have increased in all the States and UTs, except in Daman & Diu

    25. Dependency Ratio

    26. Dependency Ratio • Dependency Ratio = • (No. of persons in age group 0-14 years + No. of persons in age group 60 years or more) ÷ No. of persons in age group 15-59 years • Dependency Ratio can be divided in 2 parts: • Young dependency ratio • Old dependency ratio • Dependency Ratio gives the proportion of persons whom the persons in economically active age group need to support • Reduction in Dependency Ratio indicates a phase of population transition where a higher percentage of persons in the working age group may translate into higher per capita income for the economy • This is also called the phase where a country may benefit from ‘Demographic Dividend’

    27. Dependency Ratio • Dependency Ratio has reduced in all the States and UTs • At the all-India level, it has reduced by 100 points compared to 2001

    28. Dependency RatioIndia : 1991 to 2011

    29. Young Dependency RatioIndia : 1991 to 2011 • . • Young Dependency Ratio = • No. of persons in age group 0-14 years ÷ No. of persons in age group 15-59 years • Reduction in YDR in 2001-11 is sharper than that for the decade 1991-2001

    30. Old Dependency RatioIndia : 1991 to 2011 • Old Dependency Ratio = • No. of persons in age group 60 years or more ÷ No. of persons in age group 15-59 years • ODR is rising due to higher life expectancy at birth

    31. Dependency Ratio (Young) Census 2011

    32. Dependency Ratio (Old) Census 2011

    33. Quality of age data

    34. Percentage of persons in each year of age Census 1991, 2001 and 2011 Digit preferences in age reporting reduced considerably in Census 2011 in all the ages – primarily due to recording of date of birth for the first time in Census 2011

    35. Measurement of Age accuracy Respondents prefer to report age ending with 0 or5 Whipples Index or the Index of Concentration is calculated to measure extent of digit preference Ideally the Index should be around 100 It was 230 in Census 2001 To improve quality of age data, a question on date of birth was added in Census 2011 Whipple’s Index for India has reduced to 171 in Census 2011 The reduction is more for females compared to males

    36. Whipple’s Index - India Census 2001 and 2011

    37. States/UTs by range of Whipple’s Index Census 2001 and 2011

    38. Whipple’s Index Census 2011 (major States)

    39. Whipple’s Index Census 2001 (major States) ‘s

    40. Thank you http://www.censusindia.gov.in