Greg DORUCHOWSKI Research Institute of Horticulture Skierniewice, POLAND - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Greg DORUCHOWSKI Research Institute of Horticulture Skierniewice, POLAND PowerPoint Presentation
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Greg DORUCHOWSKI Research Institute of Horticulture Skierniewice, POLAND

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  1. TOPPS-PROWADIS Stakeholder Workshop – Brussels, 26 April 2012 DIAGNOSIS &DECISION TOOL DRIFT Greg DORUCHOWSKI ResearchInstitute of Horticulture Skierniewice, POLAND

  2. Keyquestions for betterdecisions Whatis the risk of drift in the S P E C I F I Cweather and field situation ? Whatfactorsneed to be considered to assess the risk? Whatmeasurescan be used to mitigate the risk ? How efficientare the measures ? DIAGNOSIS & MEASURES

  3. Objectives • Development ofa practical tool to: • diagnose the drift risk • propose riskmitigationmeasures • help the operator makebetter decisions • reduce contamination of water and othersensitiveareasdue to spray drift

  4. Assumptions Drift Risk Diagnosis - Advice & awarenessraisingtool • visualevaluation of driftrisk • performed by farmer/advisorhimself • for specific/currentconditions • by simple choice of options • highlightingkeyriskfactors to createawareness and understanding of the problem • givingadvice on driftmitigationmeasures and instant indication of theireffectiveness

  5. Diagnosis • identificationof the nature and cause of PROBLEM > DRIFT • logics • analytics • experience • determination of CAUSE & EFFECT relationship • mitigations for problems • solutions to issues

  6. Diagnosis CAUSE & EFFECT (Ishikawa, K., 1968) Meteo & Field Conditions SITUATION Effect Cause Equipment Process People PROBLEM Secondary cause Primary cause Environment Management Materials SprayingAdjustment Equipment of Sprayer MITIGATION

  7. Precondition Standard situation: Wind 3-4 m/s Temperature 15-25 °C Humidity 40-60% Nozzles ISO-03 Pressure 3 bar Boom height 50 cm Drivingvelocity 6-8 km/h Where the risk of contaminationexist ? ACCEPTABLE RISK – sprayingwithin the zone of awareness Buffer zone Buffer zone Boom width Boom width Zone of awareness Zone of awareness NEGLIGIBLE RISK – sprayingbeyond the zone of awareness

  8. Precondition Is spray applied in the „zone of awareness” ?

  9. SITUATION Meteorologicalconditions • AIR • temperature • relativehumidity • WIND • direction • velocity T°C V m/s RH%

  10. SITUATION Field conditions • crop • adjacent vegetation TREES SHRUBS MEADOW CROP HEIGHT WATER COURSE

  11. MITIGATION Driftmitigationmeasures SprayingEquipment - SDRT Nuyttens et al, 2007

  12. MITIGATION Driftmitigationmeasures SprayerAdjustment Boom Height Nuyttens et al, 2007 Balsari et al, 2011

  13. MITIGATION Driftmitigationmeasures SprayerAdjustment DrivingVelocity Nuyttens et al, 2007 Balsari et al, 2011

  14. Start Point (standard conditions) DriftRisk Value = 100%

  15. START the Tool ! European CropProtection DriftRiskDiagnosisTool FIELD CROPS

  16. www.sdrt.info

  17. European CropProtection European CropProtection DriftRiskDiagnosisTool VINEYARDS DriftRiskDiagnosisTool ORCHARDS

  18. ThankYou