7 th Grade Government and Civics The Bill of Rights - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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7 th Grade Government and Civics The Bill of Rights

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  1. 7th Grade Government and CivicsThe Bill of Rights Grade 7 Mr. Cole colea@nvnet.org

  2. The Constitution • The Bill of Rights • What are the Bill of Rights? • The first ten amendments the US Constitution and they include: • Freedom of religion • Freedom of speech • Right to bear arms • Rights of the accused • Right to speedy trial by jury

  3. The Constitution • The Bill of Rights • Amendment 1: Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition • Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. • ….ah, yeah what does that mean?...it means that… • You as a citizen of the United States have theright to practice whatever religion you choose • You have the right to free speech (to say what you believe) • The government cannot interfere with the freedom of the press • You have the right to assemble (come together to express, promote, or defend common interests) • You have the right to petition what you don’t like (the right to make a complaint or seek help from one's government without punishment) • **Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition**

  4. The Constitution The Bill of Rights • Amendment 2: The Right to Bear Arms • A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. • What it means (particularly today)… • Todays militia is the National Guard • If you follow both national and state laws regarding firearms, you can legally own and use firearms • ** Right to own and use guns** • **Many gun owners today use this amendment whenever there is talk of government regulation regarding gun control issues

  5. The Constitution The Bill of Rights • Amendment 3: Lodging troops in private homes • No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. • What it means… • Soldiers can only be quartered (sheltered in home) with the owners permission • **This amendment was made in response to the British governments’ “Quartering Acts” that forced the colonists to shelter British troops in their homes

  6. The Constitution The Bill of Rights • Amendment 4: Search and seizure • The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. • What it means… • Protects citizens against unreasonable searches and seizures • Search requires a warrant by a judge • Must be supported by probable cause (a reasonable amount of suspicion)

  7. The Constitution The Bill of Rights • Amendment 5: Rights of the Accused • No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation. • “I’ll take the fifth”…What it means… • It protects against self-incrimination (a witness against yourself) and double jeopardy (cannot be tried for the same crime twice) • Must be indicted (formally accused) by a grand jury

  8. The Constitution The Bill of Rights • Amendment 6: Right to Speedy Trial by Jury • In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense. • What it means… • The right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury • The right to be informed of criminal charges • The right to confront (question) witnesses • The right to compel (have) witnesses to appear in court • The right to assistance of counsel (lawyer)

  9. The Constitution The Bill of Rights • Amendment 7: Jury Trial in Civil Cases • In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law. • What it means… • You are guaranteed a trial by jury

  10. The Constitution The Bill of Rights • Amendment 8: Bail and Punishment • Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. • What it means… • Prohibits (forbids) excessive bails & fines and cruel and unusual punishment • **This amendment is the heart of the capital punishment debate

  11. The Constitution The Bill of Rights • Amendment 9: Powers Reserved to the People • The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. • What it means… • People have rights not listed in the Constitution (covers basic rights not set forth by the Constitution) • **For example: the right to privacy

  12. The Constitution The Bill of Rights • Amendment 10: Powers Reserved to the States • The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people. • What it means… • Powers not given to the federal government or denied to the states in the Constitution rest with the states or the people • ** Powers not given to federal government in Constitution are given to the states or people**