career counseling with minority groups l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Career Counseling with Minority Groups PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Career Counseling with Minority Groups

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

Career Counseling with Minority Groups - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 784 Views
  • Uploaded on

Career Counseling with Minority Groups. Culture and Values. Culture consists of a set of attitudes, values, beliefs, and behaviors shared by a group of people Every culture has its own unique value system Influences of cultural values Human nature Person-nature relationship Time orientation

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Career Counseling with Minority Groups' - vanya


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
culture and values
Culture and Values
  • Culture consists of a set of attitudes, values, beliefs, and behaviors shared by a group of people
  • Every culture has its own unique value system
  • Influences of cultural values
    • Human nature
    • Person-nature relationship
    • Time orientation
    • Activity
    • Self control
    • Social relationships
culture and values3
Culture and Values
  • Work Values
  • Hoftede (1984) work value differences:
    • Power distance
    • Uncertainty avoidance
    • Individualism/Collectivism
    • Masculinity
culture and work values
Culture and Work Values
  • Brown et. al (2002) Addressing values in the workplace with minority clients
    • Learn work place values
    • Identify value clashes or conflicts
    • Develop a “bi-cultural” identity
    • Become workplace advocates
african americans
African Americans
  • Demographics
  • Jackson’s 4 stages of identity development
    • 1. Passive acceptance
    • 2. Active resistance
    • 3. Redirection
    • 4. Internalization
  • Career Counseling Strategies
    • 1. Develop self concept
    • 2. Learning to be more internally directed
    • 3. Learning about job opportunities
    • 4. Clarifying motivational aspirations
    • 5. Learning to cope with White society
asian americans
Asian Americans
  • Demographics
  • Concerns to Address in Counseling
  • Career Counseling strategies: behavioral techniques
    • 1. Learning self assertion
    • 2. Learning to understand organizational structure
    • 3. Improving communication skills
    • 4. Improving interpersonal skills
    • 5. Learning to understand the work environment
    • 6. Using parents as role models
hispanic americans
Hispanic Americans
  • Demographics
  • Fouad (1995) Career Intervention Strategies for Hispanics
    • 1. Determine value system
    • 2. Be flexible
    • 3. Choose appropriate assessment instruments
    • 4. Address school retention (when applicable)
    • 5. Develop self efficacy
    • 6. Provide a variety of occupational choices
  • General Counseling Strategies
    • 3 steps: goal setting, parents, finances
native americans
Native Americans
  • Demographics
  • Development
    • 1. Tradition , 2. Transitional, 3. Marginal,
    • 4 Assimilated, 5 Bi-cultural
  • Martin (1995) Career Counseling Strategies
    • 1. Gather tribal information
    • 2. Establish communication style
    • 3. Be flexible
    • 4. Assess English ability
    • 5. Increase knowledge
    • 6. Include hands on learning interventions
world views
World Views
  • Individuals’ perception and understanding of the world
    • Aspects of world views
    • Variance in world views
    • Multicultural competent counselor
culturally competent counselors
Culturally Competent Counselors
  • Possess the ability to recognize self values, assumptions, and biases
    • Understand own level of identity development (Janet Helms White Racial Identity Model)
  • Understand and use culturally sensitive counseling theories
  • Understand the impact of sociopolitical forces on identity development and career development
  • Are sensitive to worldview differences
  • Use counseling strategies effective for ethnic minorities
multicultural career counseling
Multicultural Career Counseling
  • Working with Immigrants
    • Come from a variety of cultures
    • Specific things to address when working with immigrants
      • Legal Status…can they actually work?
      • Examine acculturation and assimilation
      • Examine transferable work skills
      • Examine language ability
      • Examine level of education
  • Suggestions for interviewing multicultural groups (pg 302)
lesbian gay bisexual
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual
  • General Counseling Issues
    • Stereotyping
    • Homophobia
    • Internalized homophobia
    • Heterosexist assumptions
  • Consequences of discrimination in the workplace
    • Physical violence
    • Hidden discrimination
    • The “lavender ceiling”
sexual minorities assessing identity
Sexual Minorities: Assessing Identity
  • Cass (1979) model of sexual identity development
  • Stage 1. Identity Confusion- not knowing or understanding much about his or her own sexual minority orientation
  • Stage 2. Identity Comparison- the individual acknowledges the possibility of being attracted to the same sex
  • Stage 3. Identity Tolerance- the individual tolerates rather than accepts and identification of an individual whose sexual orientation is different
sexual minorities
Sexual Minorities
  • Stage 4. Identity Acceptance- this stage is characterized by continued contacts with other l/g/b persons to validate a new identity and a new way of life
  • Stage 5. Identity Pride- the individual takes pride in disclosing an identity as l/g/b
  • Stage 6. Identity Synthesis- when one accepts his or her sexuality
views of homosexuality what is the influence on career development
Views of Homosexuality. What is the influence on career development?
  • Asian Americans
    • More accepted in the majority culture than in Asian culture
      • Yin-Yang emphasis; Gender role emphasis; Tradition
    • Increased levels of intra-cultural discrimination
  • African Americans
    • Less accepting of LGBT persons than majority culture
      • Spirituality, multiple identities
    • Increased levels of intra-cultural discrimination; little support
views of homosexuality what is the influence on career development16
Views of Homosexuality. What is the influence on career development?
  • Hispanic
    • Not as accepted as in the majority culture
    • Fear rejection from the community
    • Little tolerance for Homosexuality
  • Native American
    • More accepting than other ethnic minority groups
      • “Two-Spirited”
      • Gender roles are not as rigid
gelberg chojnacki 1996
Gelberg & Chojnacki (1996)
  • 1. Pre-counseling preparation
  • 2. Establish an affirmative trusting relationship
  • 3. Assess client identity stage and related issues
  • 4. Identity variables that may limit career choice
  • 5. Complete a tailored assessment
  • 6. Complete job search strategies while being conscious of the client’s sexual orientation and stage of identity development
elliott 1993
Elliott (1993)
  • Forbidden career for LGB persons
    • Military
    • Food service
    • Teaching or childcare
    • Doctors
  • APA guidelines for working with sexual minorities
    • 1. Be aware of own issues
    • 2. Be comfortable w/ sexual minorities
    • 3. Know when to transfer
elliott 199319
Elliott (1993)
  • How to work in the LGB community
    • Market yourself as an LGB career counselor
      • Word of mouth
      • Display paraphernalia that is LGB sensitive
        • Rainbow
        • Books and magazines
      • Host workshops in the LGB community on career development etc.