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A Meta-Analytic Examination of Assumed Properties of Child Sexual Abuse Using College Samples. Conducted by: Rind, Bruce, Tromovitch, Philip, Bauserman, Robert Presented by: Katie Hochella, Radford University. Purpose. Find if CSA and adjustment correlated

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a meta analytic examination of assumed properties of child sexual abuse using college samples

A Meta-Analytic Examination of Assumed Properties of Child Sexual Abuse Using College Samples

Conducted by:

Rind, Bruce, Tromovitch, Philip, Bauserman, Robert

Presented by:

Katie Hochella, Radford University

purpose
Purpose
  • Find if CSA and adjustment correlated
  • CSA and adjustment attributable to

family environment

  • Relationship between family environment and adjustment
issues to consider
Issues to Consider
  • How CSA is measured
    • Exhibitionism
    • Fondling
    • Oral Sex
    • Intercourse
  • How adjustment is measured
    • Intensity
    • Pervasiveness
    • Causality
    • Gender Equivalence
definition of csa
Definition of CSA
  • Sexual interaction involving either physical contact or no contact (e.g. exhibitionism) between either a child or adolescent and someone significantly older, or between two peers who are children or adolescents when coercion is used.
literature review
Literature Review
  • 1966-1995
  • Methods
    • Psyc LIT (1974-1995)
    • Sociofile (1974-1995)
    • PsycINFO (1967-1995)
    • Dissertation Abstract International (up to 1995)
    • ERIC (1966-1995)
    • Reference Lists
    • Unpublished master’s theses and dissertations
literature review cont d
Literature Review Cont’d
  • Studies
    • 191 articles were found
    • 59 were useable
      • These included 70 samples total
  • Effect Sizes
    • 15,824 participants
      • 3,254 men (18 samples)
      • 12,570 women (40 samples)
      • No differentiation (1 study)
  • Key Terms
    • Adjustment or effect(s)
    • College or undergraduates
    • Sex Abuse or sexual abuse or child and adult and sexual
studies to include
Studies to Include
  • Qualitative and quantitative data
  • Control group with no history of CSA
  • Distinct CSA, no other types of abuse
  • Described at least one of the 18 symptoms
  • Sufficient data to compute effect sizes
  • College students only
    • If others included, must have been separated
potential moderators
Potential Moderators
  • Duration
  • Frequency
  • Force
  • Incest
  • Penetration
adjustment measures
Adjustment Measures
  • Intensity
    • Consent (Wanted vs. Unwanted)
  • Pervasiveness
    • View on encounter (+, \, -)
  • Causality
    • Are symptom relations causal in nature or family related
  • Gender
    • Did CSA effect males and females differently
critiques
Critiques
  • Some results were significant, but not largely so
  • Falsely gives a harmless impression of CSA
  • Years included in study
    • “Believe the Child” campaign
  • Population studied
  • Definition of Abuse
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