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SECTORS OF INDUSTRY. Industry is the sector of the economy concerned with the production of goods and services. Industry has 4 sectors. Primary. Secondary. Quaternary. Tertiary. Major businesses in this sector include agriculture, fishing, forestry and all mining and quarrying industries.

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Presentation Transcript
industry has 4 sectors
Industry has 4 sectors...

Primary

Secondary

Quaternary

Tertiary

slide4

Major businesses in this sector include agriculture, fishing, forestry and all mining and quarrying industries

The primary sector of industry is also called extraction. It generally involves changing natural resources into primary products. Most products from this sector are considered raw materials for other industries.

Primary industry is a larger sector in developing countries; for instance, animal husbandry is more common in Africa than in Japan.

slide5

The secondary sector (manufacturing) produces finished, usable products. This sector of industry generally takes the output of the primary sector and manufactures finished goods or where they are suitable for use by other businesses, for export, or sale to domestic consumers.

* Aerospace manufacturing

* Automobile manufacturing

* Brewing industry

* Chemical industry

* Clothing industry

* Electronics

* Engineering

* Energy industries

* Metalworking

* Steel production

* Software engineering

* Telecommunications

Industry

* Tobacco industry

This sector is often divided into light industry and heavy industry.

slide6

The tertiary sector of industry is also known as the service sector or the service industry.

It involves the provision of services to businesses as well as final consumers. Services may involve the transport, distribution and sale of goods from producer to a consumer, or may involve the provision of a service, such as in pest control or entertainment.

  • News media
  • Leisure industry/hotels
  • Consulting
  • Healthcare/hospitals
  • Waste disposal
  • Estate agents
  • Business services
  • Restaurants
  • Local government services
  • Central government services
  • Education
  • Law and order

Goods may be transformed in the process of providing a service, as happens in the restaurant industry or in equipment repair. However, the focus is on people interacting with people and serving the customer rather than transforming physical goods

slide7

The quaternary sector is the research industry.

Industrial research looks for new ways to cut costs, find new markets, produce new ideas, new production methods and methods of manufacture.

slide8

The 4 Sectors of Industry are interrelated. An individual industry will often use more than one sector in order to produce products.

On the next slide we will see an example of how the four sectors relate together in the production of cotton clothes, part of the fashion industry.

slide9

COTTON IN THE FASHION INDUSTRY...

PRIMARY

Cotton is grown and picked on a cotton farm

slide10

COTTON IN THE FASHION INDUSTRY...

PRIMARY

Cotton is grown and picked on a cotton farm

SECONDARY

Cotton is processed to cloth, which is, in turn, sewn in to clothing.

slide11

COTTON IN THE FASHION INDUSTRY...

PRIMARY

Cotton is grown and picked on a cotton farm

SECONDARY

TERTIARY

Cotton is processed to cloth, which is, in turn, sewn in to clothing.

Cotton clothes (eg jeans, shirts etc) are sold in high street shops.

slide12

COTTON IN THE FASHION INDUSTRY...

PRIMARY

Cotton is grown and picked on a cotton farm

SECONDARY

TERTIARY

Cotton is processed to cloth, which is, in turn, sewn in to clothing.

Cotton clothes (eg jeans, shirts etc) are sold in high street shops.

QUATERNARY: Research is carried out in to new ways of processing or growing cotton. e.g. organic cotton.

slide13

Models and fashion shows: tertiary.

The entire fashion industry involves a great number of different products and services, all of which can be classified according to industrial sector...

slide14

Leather manufacture in a tannery: secondary

Models and fashion shows: tertiary.

The entire fashion industry involves a great number of different products and services, all of which can be classified according to industrial sector...

slide15

Leather manufacture in a tannery: secondary

A shoe factory in hanoi: secondary

Models and fashion shows: tertiary.

The entire fashion industry involves a great number of different products and services, all of which can be classified according to industrial sector...

slide16

Leather manufacture in a tannery: secondary

A shoe factory in hanoi: secondary

Models and fashion shows: tertiary.

The entire fashion industry involves a great number of different products and services, all of which can be classified according to industrial sector...

Sheep farming and sheering for wool production: primary

slide17

Leather manufacture in a tannery: secondary

A shoe factory in hanoi: secondary

Models and fashion shows: tertiary.

The entire fashion industry involves a great number of different products and services, all of which can be classified according to industrial sector...

Sheep farming and sheering for wool production: primary

Cosmetics research: quaternary

what is happening in a country now
What is happening in a country now?
  • One of the common ways to show this is by a pie chart.
  • We only graph the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors because quaternary are insignificant in many countries.

Don’t worry if you don’t we will look at this again next week in more detail

Do you see any patterns?

besides pie charts
Besides pie charts …
  • Employment is can demonstrated on triangular graphs
  • Primary: E is between 50% & 60%. What?
  • Secondary: C is between 20% & 30%. What?
  • Tertiary: D is between 30% & 40%. What?
besides pie charts1
Besides pie charts …
  • X
  • 15% primary
  • 60% secondary
  • So what % tertiary?
  • Hint: adds to 100%
besides pie charts2
Besides pie charts …
  • G
  • ?% primary
  • ?% secondary
  • And ? % tertiary
besides pie charts3
Besides pie charts …
  • B
  • 5% primary
  • ?% secondary?
  • And ? % tertiary
besides pie charts4
Besides pie charts …
  • C?
  • ? % primary
  • ? % secondary
  • ? % tertiary?
  • E?
  • ? % primary
  • ? % secondary
  • ? % tertiary?