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Information Visualization. Scott Klemmer 03 November 2005. Definition [www.oed.com]. The action or fact of visualizing; the power or process of forming a mental picture or vision of something not actually present to the sight; a picture thus formed. Functions of Visualizations.

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information visualization

Information Visualization

Scott Klemmer

03 November 2005

definition www oed com
Definition [www.oed.com]

The action or fact of visualizing; the power or process of forming a mental picture or vision of something not actually present to the sight; a picture thus formed.

Information Visualization

functions of visualizations
Functions of Visualizations
  • Answer a question
  • “One image = One diagnosis”
  • Make decisions
  • Support analysis and reasoning
  • To explore and discover; encourage creativity
  • Look at things in a new way
  • “The purpose of computing is insight,
  • not numbers” [R. Hamming]
  • Communicate information to others
  • Make a point
  • Tell a story
  • Inspire

Information Visualization

functions of visualizations1
Functions of Visualizations
  • 1. Recording information
  • e.g. table of logarithms, blueprints and
  • telescope images
  • 2. Understanding information
  • Computer -> Display -> Person
  • w/ feedback and interaction
  • 3. Presenting information
  • Display -> People
  • Share, collaborate, revise, …

Information Visualization

challenger disaster
Challenger Disaster

1 of 13 pages of material faxed to NASA by Morton Thiokol

Information Visualization

challenger disaster1
Challenger Disaster

1 of 13 pages of material faxed to NASA by Morton Thiokol

Information Visualization

challenger disaster2
Challenger Disaster

E. Tufte, pp. 46-47 , Visual Explanations

Information Visualization

challenger disaster3
Challenger Disaster

Redrawn by E. Tufte, p. 49 , Visual Explanations

Information Visualization

amplifies cognition perception
Amplifies Cognition/Perception
  • Expand working memory
  • Reduce search time
  • Pattern detection and recognition
  • Perceptual inference
  • Perceptual monitoring and controlling attention
  • Interaction is important for cognition
  • Card, Mackinlay, Shneiderman
  • Readings in Information Visualization

Information Visualization

route maps
Route Maps

Overlaid Route

Sketched Route

  • Find cognitive and perceptual principles
  • Optimize the visualization according to these principles

Agrawala and Stolte, Rendering Effective Route Maps, SIGGRAPH 2001

Information Visualization

5 interaction
5. Interaction

Gibson’s Experiment

Goal: Match 2 shapes

Active touch: 96%

Passive (rotation) 72%

Passive (imprint) 49%

From J. J. Gibson (1966)

The Senses Considered as a Perceptual

System, p. 124

Thanks to David Kirsh for this example.

Information Visualization

information seeking mantra
Information-Seeking Mantra
  • Overview first,
  • then zoom and filter,
  • details on demand

B. Schneiderman, The eyes have it: A task by data type

taxonomy for information visualization, 1996

Information Visualization

interaction spectrum
Interaction Spectrum

Exploration

VR

Data

Explorer

Encyclopedia

Interactive 3D model

Navigation map

Reactivity

Graph

Presentation

Games

Text slide

Slide by F. Guimbretiere

Information Visualization

quotes bringhurst tufte
Quotes: Bringhurst & Tufte

“Some space must be narrow so that other space may be wide, and some space must be emptied so that other space may be filled.”

– Robert Bringhurst

The Elements of Typographic Style

“Information consists of differences that make a difference.”

– Edward TufteEnvisioning Information

Information Visualization

small multiples
Small Multiples
  • Economy of line
  • Many similarities enable us to notice differences

IMAGE REMOVED

Information Visualization

international women s day

S M A L L M U L T I P L E S

International Women’s Day

Echeverria, Heriberto 1971March 8 - International Women’s Day

Diaz, Estela 1974 March 8 - International Women’s Day

Cuban Poster Art Gallery, http:///www.sims.berkeley.edu/~lcush/GenCat.html/

Information Visualization

design galleries
Design Galleries

Information Visualization

design galleries1
Design Galleries

Information Visualization

london underground
London Underground

Information Visualization

palm s design economy
Palm’s Design Economy

Information Visualization