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Life of the People in Antebellum Society. Chapter 11 Mr. Lamm. Notes. The word antebellum refers to the period before the Civil War . The development of the railroad, the invention of the cotton gin, and the building of industries were reasons for Georgia’s antebellum economic prosperity .

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notes
Notes
  • The word antebellum refers to the period before the Civil War.
  • The development of the railroad, the invention of the cotton gin, and the building of industries were reasons for Georgia’s antebellum economic prosperity.
  • The two factors most responsible for Georgia’s growth were cotton and slavery.
notes1
Notes
  • Sea island cotton can be described as having long fibers producing high-quality fiber.
  • The cotton gin removed the seeds from the cotton fiber.
  • Short fiber cotton was grown in the Piedmont and Coastal Plains.
  • Well drained top soil, 200 days’ growing season, and a dry harvest season was needed to grow cotton.
notes2
Notes
  • Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin.
notes3
Notes
  • Most of the planters’ money was tied up in slaves and land.
  • Farming was the most common occupation in Georgia in 1860.
notes4
Notes
  • Trickster tales were stories slaves told about how cleverness can outwit a stronger opponent.
  • Joel Chandler Harris wrote down the Uncle Remus and Brer Rabbit stories.
  • The Uncle Remus and Brer Rabbit stories were originally slave stories.
  • Gullah is a combination of English and African languages.
notes5
Notes
  • Most Georgians did not own slaves.
notes6
Notes
  • Education was a low priority for Georgians because:
    • Children worked in the fields
    • It was parents’ responsibility to educate not the government
    • Not enough children in one place to form school
  • Even though Georgia’s first constitution called for schools to be set up in each county, they were not because the legislature did not provide the money needed to set up schools.
notes7
Notes
  • Southern Baptist and Methodist churches broke away from their northern counterparts over the issue of slavery.
  • Most black churches in Georgia were Baptist.
notes8
Notes
  • Crawford Long was the first doctor to successfully use ether as an anesthetic.
  • Some reforms made to improve the treatment of criminals:
    • Cruel punishment was abolished
    • Prisoners were provided with clothing, blankets, heat, and medical care
slide14
Blackboard made from

boiled potatoes, egg

whites, and charcoal.

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