What is the Main Idea? Main Idea-A statement that tells the author’s point about the topic. The main idea provides the message of a given paragraph or the argument that is being made about the topic.
For example: The main idea-The rain forest is home to many creatures The rain forest is home to many creatures. Monkeys, toucans and macaws live in the rain forest. Blue Morpho butterflies and anteaters also live in the rain forest.
How to find the Main Idea? • Ask yourself the question: What is the overall message or argument being made by the author about the topic?
Summarize the Passage After you've read the passage, summarize it in three sentences (beginning, middle and end) that includes the gist of ever idea from the piece. A good way to do this is to pretend you have just ten words to tell someone what the passage was about. You'd have to think broadly, so you could included every detail in just a short statement.
Beach Fun! There are many fun things to do at the beach. Swimming is one thing that can be done at the beach. Snorkeling is another thing that can be enjoyed. Playing beach volleyball can be a lot of fun. It is also fun to look for shells. Some people simply like to sunbathe. a). Some people simply like to sunbathe. b). Snorkeling is another thing that can be enjoyed. c). There are many fun things to do at the beach. d). Playing beach volleyball can be a lot of fun.
Location of the Topic Sentence The topic sentence is usually found at the beginning of the paragraph ; however, it may also appear within the paragraph , or at the end of the paragraph. It may also appear twice, at the beginning and at the end of the paragraph.
Example A cocktail party has the same elements as other parties-plenty of appetizer, good friends, good food and drinks-the key ingredient. Subtly , sophisticated, shot and sweet, cocktail parties are a great way to entertain your friends with a minimum taste of hassle. The Topic Sentence: cocktail parties are a great way to entertain your friends with a minimum taste of hassle.
Topic Sentence vs. Main Idea The topic sentence is specific sentence within the paragraph. Main Idea is about the entire piece.
What is the Supporting Details? Supporting Details-give more information about the topic. They help the reader understand more about the main idea.
1. Major Details 2. Minor Details
1. Major Details 2. Minor Details
How to find the Supporting Details? • Major Details What reason or points support the main idea? • Minor Details What examples, details, or statistics illustrate the idea in the text?
Signal Word • First ,Second ,Third • One • Another • Furthermore • Moreover • Next • Also • Finally • For example • An example is • For instance • To be specific • That is • This means • Case in point • To ilustrate
Facts and Opinion • Fact A Fact is a statement that can be checked or verified and proven through objective evidence, the evidence of which may be in form of testimony of witnesses agrees upon by observation, or the written records of such testimony and observation • Opinion An Opinion is a statement that cannot be objectively proven to be true or false. Opinions usually express the beliefs, felling, judgment that a person has about a subject
Example • Facts Earth’s soil provides substances that enable living things to things to survive • Opinion Bread which is two or three days old is more healthful than new bread
Facts Opinion • Is objective • Is discovered • State reality • Can be verified • Is presented with unbiased words Example: Broccoli is a source of iron • Is subjective • Is created • Interprets reality • Cannot be verified • Is presented with biased words Example: Broccoli taste awful
Lets Practice Tarantulas are hairy spiders capable of inflicting on humans a painful but not deadly bite. a).Fact b).Opinion
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