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Hypertension. By: Candice Carlson Health Promotion Student. What Is Blood Pressure?. Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of the artery. Measured in millimeters of Mercury (mm Hg) Measured as systolic pressure over diastolic pressure. Systolic=pressure as heart beats.

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hypertension

Hypertension

By: Candice Carlson

Health Promotion Student

what is blood pressure
What Is Blood Pressure?
  • Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of the artery.
  • Measured in millimeters of Mercury (mm Hg)
  • Measured as systolic pressure over diastolic pressure.
  • Systolic=pressure as heart beats.
  • Diastolic=pressure between heart beats.
risk factors
Risk Factors
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • Black race
  • Hypertension as a child
  • Male gender
  • Diastolic pressure > 115 mm Hg
symptoms
Symptoms
  • Often asymptomatic:
  • Headaches
  • Dizzy spells
  • Changes in vision
  • Leg cramps
  • Chest pains
prevention management
Prevention & Management

Prevention

Management

  • Maintain a normal weight.
  • Lower sodium intake.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Limit alcohol intake.
  • Lower sodium intake to less than 1500 mg per day.
  • Consume more potassium, magnesium, and calcium.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Take medications as prescribed.