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Transportation and Early Industrialization from 1800 - 1860. Leaving the horse and buggy in its wake. Essay 2,6,8. Transportation Developments. Unpaved roads Paved turnpikes (toll roads) National Road (Cumberland Road) Canal building Steamboat (Fulton) Clipper ships.

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transportation and early industrialization from 1800 1860

Transportation and Early Industrialization from 1800 - 1860

Leaving the horse and buggy in its wake

Essay 2,6,8

transportation developments
Transportation Developments
  • Unpaved roads
  • Paved turnpikes (toll roads)
  • National Road (Cumberland Road)
  • Canal building
  • Steamboat (Fulton)
  • Clipper ships
transportation change economic
Transportation Change - Economic
  • National market economy developed
  • Freights rates reduced
  • Agricultural commodities and farm product values went up
    • Ohio, Indiana and Illinois became the breadbasket
  • Extended slavery
  • Industrialization emerges
transportation change economic4
Transportation Change - Economic
  • Gibbons v. Ogden
    • the federal commerce clause, in effect, outranked a state law that had granted a monopoly to one group of people.
  • Charles River Bridge case
    • The interests of the community are more important than the interests of business; the supremacy of society’s interest over private interest
  • Clay’s American System
transportation change social
Transportation Change - Social
  • Urbanization began
  • Westward Movement
  • Education spread
  • Admission of new states
  • Immigration
    • Irish and German
  • Lowell Factory System
effects of transportation
Effects of Transportation
  • The first major transportation project linking the East to the trans-Allegheny West
    • Lancaster Turnpike
  • The turnpikes, canals, and steamboats as new transportation links encouraged
    • lowering of freight rates
    • economic growth
    • rising land values
    • migration of peoples

1, 8

effects of transportation cont
Effects of Transportation cont
  • The Erie Canal revolutionized domestic markets
    • transfer of goods from New York to New Orleans along inland waterways
    • tied the manufacturing of the East to the farming of the West
  • Population movement between 1790 and 1840
    • the Atlantic coast to the areas between the Appalachians and the Mississippi River

54, 56

industrialization
Industrialization
  • Rise of the factory system
    • The most profound economic development by mid-19c America
  • The rise of manufacturing in the United States
    • stoppages of trade by the embargoes and the War of 1812.
  • The American system of manufacturing, which emerged in the early 1800s
    • interchangeable parts to allow for mass production of high-quality items.

53, 64, 65

industrialization9
Industrialization
  • The beginning of the Early American Industrial Revolution during the early 1800s
    • technological advances imported from England
    • the appearance of better transportation systems
    • new inventions such as the cotton gin
    • backing from the Constitution

59

industrialization10
Industrialization
  • During the 1820s and 1830s, the growth of business was assisted by all of the following developments
    • specialization of stores
    • improvement in the distribution of goods
    • emergence of new general incorporation laws
    • favorable Supreme Court decisions
  • Effects on slavery in the South
    • rapid growth in the textile industry encouraged Southern planters to grow cotton, thereby making slavery more important to the economy.

61, 63

clay s american system
Clay’s American System
  • Protective tariffs
  • Internal improvements
  • Increased trade between all sections of the country
  • Federal funds for a national transportation system

73

workers in early factories
Workers in Early Factories
  • The "Lowell System"
    • employment of young women who were then housed in dormitories
    • The paternalistic factory system did not last long
      • in the highly competitive textile market, manufacturers were eager to cut labor costs
      • Immigrant would work for less than the women
  • Women and immigrants
    • were powerless to affect pay rates or working conditions

55, 60