Sex Ratio Imbalance in India: Too Few Girls Sex Ratio in the U.S., India, and Selected Indian States, 1991 and 2001 Females per 1,000 males, children 6 and under Source: Census of India, 2001.
Notes on Sex Ratio Imbalance in India: Too Few Girls A declining sex ratio (as defined here) indicates that the female population is declining relative to the male population. The sex ratio for the under-6 population has increased in Kerala, where son preference is weaker, but decreased sharply in Punjab and decreased somewhat in the other states shown. Explanations for this decrease are disturbing. Girls are known to be neglected. Female fetuses have been aborted, and girl babies have been allowed to die after birth. India’s National Family Health Survey II revealed that the number of deaths of girls ages 1 to 4 is estimated to be 1.5 times higher than the number of deaths among boys of the same age because of relative nutritional and medical neglect of girls (by this age, breastfeeding ceases). This death rate is unusual.