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Reading Apprenticeship: Practical approaches to improving reading skills and critical thinking at any level. Liz Andress Carlynn Miller-Gore. Session Objectives. At the end of this session, you will be able to describe the basic aspects and value of the Reading Apprenticeship framework;

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Reading Apprenticeship: Practical approaches to improving reading skills and critical thinking at any level

Liz Andress

Carlynn Miller-Gore

session objectives
Session Objectives

At the end of this session, you will be able to

  • describe the basic aspects and value of the Reading Apprenticeship framework;
  • reflect on your own history as a reader and discover the reading history of your ABE learners;
  • use think-aloud method in teaching reading of challenging texts with ABE learners; and
  • build a list of reading strategies with students that improve reading comprehension, critical thinking and metacognition.
think pair share reading strategies
Think-Pair-ShareReading Strategies
  • Think-What strategies do you use now to build reading skills? What are the challenges, the gaps in our current strategies? What questions/needs are you bringing to this session?
  • Pair – Share your responses with a partner
  • Group – List strategies, challenges, gaps and questions
thinking about the framework think pair share
Thinking about the frameworkThink-pair-share
  • What makes sense to you / resonates with you in this framework?
  • What new notion strikes you – any “aha’s”?
  • What do you want to know more about?
slide7

Why it matters

“Reading, and its role in promoting achievement, is fundamentally

an equity issue.” -- William Loyd, Michigan literacy coordinator

why it matters
Why it matters
  • Challenges to our common assumptions about reading content levels
  • Importance for post-secondary and workplace success
  • Adults struggle with reading

Reading Between the Lives Video

  • Significant reading gains documented in WA:
    • ABE readers made

3-5 point gain on CASAS after 33 hours instruction, vs.

5 point gain on CASAS after 100 hours instruction national average ; gathering more data now

  • Other ideas…
personal reading history
Personal Reading History
  • “If you know your personal reading history, you can impact your future as a reader.”
  • Teacher self-awareness, model for students
  • Learners can shift from identity as “bad reader” to “reader in progress”
  • So much we can learn about our students
  • Personal Reading History Video Clip
personal reading history prompts
Personal Reading History - prompts
  • What reading experiences stand out for you? High points? Low points?
  • Were there times when your reading experience or the materials you were reading made you feel like an insider? Like an outsider?
  • What supported your literacy development What discouraged it?
what is a think aloud
What is a Think Aloud?

“Think Alouds” (Davey, 1983) help students understand the kind of thinking required by a specific task.

The teacher models the thinking process of reading by:

  • Verbalizing thoughts
  • Processing information
  • Performing a learning task

Students see how the teacher:

  • Constructs meaning
  • Engages in dialogue with the author
  • Recognizes a comprehension problem and selects a fix-up strategy

Ineffective readers benefit from a skilled reader modeling the thinking processes during reading

http://www.tantasqua.org/superintendent/Profdevelopment/etthinkalouds.html

how does a think aloud work
How does a Think Aloud Work?
  • Select a challenging text to read aloud
  • Develop plan/script/questions
  • Model the Think Aloud while students read along silently.
  • Verbalize your thoughts, questions and processes
  • Have students partner to practice Think Alouds
think aloud interactive
Think Aloud Interactive

The Pledge of Allegiance

I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America

And to the Republic for which it stands,

one Nation under God, indivisible,

With liberty and justice for all.

building a reading strategies list
Building a Reading Strategies List
  • Students identify strategies they see teacher model in think-alouds
  • Students identify their own and partner’s strategies through shared think-alouds
  • Class list, continue to add to it, post in room
  • Individual list, students reference in and outside of class
paired think aloud
Paired Think Aloud
  • Medical Terminology Systems, Ch. 9 Blood, Lymph and Immune Systems, p. 255 – Blood
  • In pairs, practice Think Aloud
  • One partner will practice Think Aloud using the metacognitive bookmark
  • The other partner will listen and observe
  • Trade places in section beginning “Red Blood Cells”
review objectives
Review Objectives
  • describe the basic aspects and value of the Reading Apprenticeship framework;
  • reflect on your own history as a reader and discover the reading history of your ABE learners;
  • use think-aloud method in teaching reading of challenging texts with ABE learners; and
  • build a list of reading strategies with students that improve reading comprehension, critical thinking and metacognition.
evaluation
Evaluation
  • I learned something new and compelling in this session.
  • I learned at least one reading strategy I’m likely to use in the coming year.
  • Comments…
  • What critical questions remain?
  • Reflection questions; continue this afternoon…
resources
Resources

Links to on-line materials:

  • Reading Apprenticeship Framework, http://www.wested.org/cs/ra/print/docs/ra/approach.htm#framework
  • Reading Apprenticeship professional development course information from WestEd, http://www.wested.org/cs/ra/view/serv/158
  • Reading Apprenticeship success stories

http://www.wested.org/cs/ra/print/docs/ra/success.htm

  • Downloadable resources

http://www.wested.org/cs/ra/print/docs/ra/resource-downloads.htm

more resources
More Resources
  • RA Methods: Personal Reading History

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vp5PyguLxNQ

  • RA Methods: Reading Strategies List

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XGzT5AnHEzo

  • Read Write Think Lesson Plan for Think Aloud

http://www.readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/lesson-plans/building-reading-comprehension-through-139.html?tab=3#materials-technology