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Apprenticeship, Certification & Skilled Trades An Educators’ Perspective – October 21, 2010. OVERVIEW. Skilled Trade Career Apprenticeship Moves Forward Apprenticeship & Certification Trade Programs in MB How to Start Grants, Incentives and Awards Accreditation HSAP Pilot Project

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Apprenticeship, Certification & Skilled TradesAn Educators’ Perspective – October 21, 2010



  • Skilled Trade Career
  • Apprenticeship Moves Forward
  • Apprenticeship & Certification
    • Trade Programs in MB
    • How to Start
  • Grants, Incentives and Awards
  • Accreditation
  • HSAP Pilot Project
  • Review of Applications & Forms

Learn. Earn. Become Certified


Skilled Trades Impact

“It’s all very well to talk about a knowledge-based society. There are many kinds of knowledge needed to keep the economy operating—including vocational and technical knowledge.

Try running a home or a business without it.”

(Maxwell 2007)

Source: Globe & Mail: Report on Business, Dec. 2007


21st Century Makeover

Apprenticeship Manitoba Moves Forward

  • Apprenticeship Future’s Commission, 2007
  • Legislative Changes : responsive & engaging
  • Public Awareness Campaign
  • Enhanced High School Apprenticeship program
  • Expansion of training seats
  • Investment in a Service – Oriented Approach
  • Accessibility (alternative delivery approaches, on-line applications, technical training registration )

21st Century Makeover

Industry re-Shaping Skilled Trades

  • Trades going high tech
  • No gender legacy in new emerging industries
  • Growth of green trades with cross-industry skills
  • and experience
  • Realization of post-secondary training benefits
  • Governments supports for trades andApprenticeships
    • Incentives, increased training capacities, attacking social stigma’s

Skilled Trades are Rewarded

  • Trades professionals earn salaries that are approximately 6.4% above the average of all the careers combined in Canada. This is up from 3.1% reported in 20011.
  • Trades professionals can earn excellent salaries depending on the trade, location, and desire to work!
  • Apprentices who become a journeyperson will have the opportunity to own their own successful business.


1 Statistic Canada, 2001 Census

Statistic Canada, Labour Force Survey 2007



An Excellent Post-Secondary Option


Apprenticeship is…

Apprenticeship is a high

quality post secondary

option that combines

on-the-job training (80%) with

technical training (20%) to

become a highly skilled

trades professional.

Partnership between Apprenticeship Manitoba, Employer & Apprentice


What’s the difference between University/College & Apprenticeship?

Apprentices not only learn skills in a classroom, they receive

paid on-the-job training with an employer.

  • Apprentices submit an application and register for training in a trade with Apprenticeship Manitoba
  • Apprentices spend 40 - 44 weeks/year on the job where they;
    • are mentored by certified journeyperson/designated trainer in the practical application of the skills of a trade
    • earn a salary on the job from the first day
  • Apprenticeship Manitoba organizes required technical training at local Colleges
  • Apprentices register for class through Apprenticeship Manitoba and go to school an average of 4 -12 weeks/year.
  • Apprentices receive a Certificate of Qualification in a designated trade.

Apprenticeship Training Institutions

Apprenticeship Manitoba contracts out and schedules technical training to the following institutions;

  • RRC-Red River College, Winnipeg
  • ACC-Assiniboine Community College, Brandon
  • UCN-University College of the North, The Pas, Thompson
  • SAATC-Stevenson Aviation and Aerospace Training (Southport), Portage la Prairie


  • SAIT-Southern Alberta Institute of Technology, Calgary, Alberta
  • NAIT-Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, Edmonton, Alberta
  • SIAST-Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology, Moose Jaw/Saskatoon

Other Accredited training institutions


Role of Apprenticeship Training in Manitoba

  • Apprenticeship and Certification BoardDevelops regulations that govern standards and requirements for training in Manitoba
  • Provincial Advisory Committees (PACs)Appointed for each trade by the Board and are responsible for making recommendations on program standards and regulations.
  • Apprenticeship ManitobaThe organization consists of Client Services, Program Development, Policy, Finance & Administration, Community Relations

FACT:Approx. 3,000 Manitoba organizations support

apprenticeship training opportunities

FACT: There are over 8,000 registered apprentices in Manitoba












Steps to Become an Apprentice


Trades in Manitoba

Step #1 - Research

Over 50 designated trades in Manitoba

4 Different Sectors

  • Construction
  • Transportation
  • Industrial
  • Service

Construction Trades

Step #1 - Research

  • Insulator (Heat and Frost)
  • Ironworker
  • Lather (Interior Systems Mechanic)
  • Painter and Decorator
  • Plumber
  • Sheet Metal Worker
  • Sprinkler System Installer
  • Steamfitter-Pipefitter
  • Bricklayer
  • Cabinetmaker
  • Carpenter
  • Concrete Finisher
  • Construction Electrician
  • Construction Craft Worker
  • Crane and Hoisting Equipment Operator
  • Glazier
  • Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanic
  • Roofer



Transportation Trades

Step #1 - Research

  • Motor Vehicle Body Painter
  • Motor Vehicle Mechanic
  • Recreation Vehicle Service Technician
  • Transport Trailer Technician
  • Truck and Transport Mechanic
  • Agricultural Equipment Technician
  • Aircraft Maintenance Journeyperson
  • Gas Turbine & Overhaul Technician
  • Heavy Duty Equipment Technician
  • Motor Vehicle Body Repairer
  • Marine and Outdoor Power Equipment Technician




Industrial Trades

Step #1 - Research

  • Boilermaker
  • Electric Motor System Technician
  • Industrial Electrician*
  • Industrial Instrument Mechanic
  • Industrial Mechanic (Millwright)
  • Industrial Welder
  • Machinist
  • Power Electrician*
  • Steel Fabricator
  • Tool and Die Maker

Service Trades

Step #1 - Research

  • Cook
  • Esthetician
  • Electrologist
  • Floorcovering Installer
  • Hairstylist
  • Landscape Technician
  • Parts Person
  • Pork Production Technician

Interprovincial Red Seal

Step #1 - Research

  • Most Manitoba apprenticeable trades are designated under
  • the Interprovincial Red Seal* program.
    • Encourages standardization of apprenticeship training and certification programs across Canada, based on shared National Occupational Analyses and standards.
    • Provides greater mobility. Certified workers who hold a Red Seal may work anywhere in Canada where their trade is designated without having to write further certification examinations for their trade.
    • In Red Seal trades, completing apprentices and holders of Certificates of Qualification without Red Seal endorsement, may apply to write an interprovincial examination. If they succeed, they receive a Red Seal.

Compulsory Trades in Manitoba

Step #1 - Research

  • To legally work in Manitoba, skilled workers are required to be certified journeypersons or registered apprentices.
  • The Apprenticeship and Certification Board, under The Apprenticeship and Certification Act, specifies a trade for compulsory certification

There are currently nine compulsory certification trades:

  • Construction Electrician*
  • Industrial Electrician*
  • Crane & Hoisting Equipment Operator (incl. Mobile, Boom Truck, Tower Crane
  • Electrologist*
  • Esthetician* ( incl. Skin Care & Nail Technician)
  • Hairstylist*
  • Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Mechanic*
  • Sprinkler System Installer
  • Steamfitter-Pipefitter

* Additional permits are also required


Apprenticeship in High School

Step #2 - Requirements

High School Apprenticeship Program (HSAP)

Practical Credit

  • Requirements:
      • At least 16 years old
      • Enrolled in approved grade 10, 11 grade 12 program
      • English, math, science and computer skills are recommended
  • Benefits
  • An early career start
  • Get paid for the work
  • Receive school credit for every 110 hours worked
  • Apprenticeship tuition exemption for every 220hrs

Vocational Courses (accredited)

Technical Credit

  • Benefits
  • An early career start
  • Receive school credit


  • Recognition and automatic credit for training which meets standards associated with Apprenticeship Manitoba
  • Recognizes training programs of study equivalent to apprenticeship training for the purposes of accreditation where both the general standards and program specific standards are met.
  • How to become accredited?
  • A school must submit an Accreditation Application
  • School/facility will be assessed by Accreditation Supervisor and representatives from the Provincial Advisory Committee (PAC’s)
  • 70% of the curriculum must be covered

* Accreditation valid for a three-year period



Step #2 - Requirements

  • Assists in gaining experience
  • Credited towards apprenticeship certification (must be accredited by Apprenticeship Manitoba)
  • Technical training experience only* Note: Some pre-employment programs may have waiting lists and require payment of College tuition fees. Entering an apprenticeship guarantees seats for in-school trainingand the majority of tuition costs are covered by the provincial government.

General Requirements

Step #2 - Requirements

  • High School diploma
  • Grade 12 courses including English, math, science and computer skills recommended for most trades programs

Access Program Trainee

If you do not have a high school diploma or equivalent, you may qualify for Apprenticeship

as an Access Program Trainee.Prior learning will be assessed

* If English is not a first language, upgrading may be required* If you are not a Canadian Citizen/Permanent Resident, a work and study permit are required


Trades Qualification (TQ)

The Other Route to Certification

  • Experience in a designated trade. There are a minimum number of years and hours over a specified length of time, that is required in order to apply.
  • A minimum mark of 70% obtained on a written examination (theory/multiple choice). 13 trades in Manitoba also require a practical examination. Passing examination will result in a Certificate of Qualification.

* If requirements are not met for TQ, but experience has been obtained in a trade, regular apprenticeship training may apply. Any previous work experience and skills will be assessed through PLAR and experience will be credited accordingly.


Supports Available

Step #2 - Requirements

  • Essential SkillsAssessing skills that assist in performing tasks required by the trade and other activities. Results in higher completion rates, less repetition of training and reduced costs.
  • Prior Learning Assessment & Credential Recognition

Used to identify, document, assess and recognize skills and knowledge. During this process, it is necessary to identify and gather information on past experiences and accomplishments. That learning will then need to be assessed, proven and recognized by Apprenticeship Manitoba


Find an Employer

Step #3 – Get Hired!

Network, network, network…

      • Ask a counselor for advice
      • Carry a resume and visit the company/organization
      • Consult with trade associations or unions i.e CARM
      • Scan job wanted ads and Yellow Pages
      • Spread the word!
  • *As an educator/school contact, create
  • relationships with businesses in your area to help your
  • students locate employers.

Register the Application/Agreement

Step #4 – Registration

  • Complete the Application/Agreement form
  • Enclose proof of education and ensure eligibility to work in Canada
  • Submit the form with an application fee ($50)to Apprenticeship Manitoba

Apprentice Finances

Step #4 – Registration

Approx. $2,000per program(subsidies are taxable)


  • Tuition $200 avg.
  • Books/Materials $200-$400

WAGES $9.50-$15.00+


  • Federal Employment Insurance
  • Provincial Assistance
  • Federal Tax Incentives ($1,000+)
  • RESP’S
  • Scholarships & Awards

Approx. 14,000-19,000+per year

avg. of level one wages


Financial Security


Finances & Awards:

for Apprentices

  • Provincial Assistance
  • Financial assistance available for tuition, child care, commuting allowance,living-away-from-home allowance, travel assistance, disability allowance
  • Tax Deductions
  • $1,000 Service Canada Incentive Grant for apprentices in first or second level of apprenticeship training
  • $1,000 grant for tool expenses –Tradespersons Tool Deduction & Capitol Cost Allowance
  • $2,000 Apprenticeship Completion Grant
  • Eligibility for 60%Tuition Rebate
  • Awards & Other Financial Assistance
  • High School Apprenticeship Program (HSAP) Incentive
  • $500.00+ Apprenticeship Endowment Fund Bursary for prospective or current apprentices in financial need.
  • Industry specific awards, grants and bursaries

Finances & Awards:

for Employers

Governments are finding solutions to the skills shortage problem and investing more in the apprenticeship system;

Grants & Tax Deductions

  • Up to $2,000 Apprenticeship Job Creation Tax Credit (Red Seal trades only)
  • Up to $2,000 Early Level Hiring Incentive (levels 1 & 2 apprentices)
  • Up to $2,500 Journeyperson Hiring Incentive
  • Up to $2,500 Advanced Level Hiring Incentive ( employers with Levels 3-5 apprentices)
  • Manitoba Credentials Recognition Program Wage Incentives- work experience for immigrants related to their educational background.


  • Apprenticeship Awards of Distinction Gala- Outstanding contributions from employers, journeypersons and instructors are recognized annually/fall

Benefits for the Apprentice

  • LEARN & EARN, plus:
    • Receive training and mentorship on-the-job.
    • Receive technical training in a classroom.
    • Minimize student debt.
    • Obtain employment insurance during in-school training.
    • Master existing skills and be challenged to learn new skills everyday.
    • Acquire skills that will last a lifetime.

Benefits for the Employer

Increases competitiveness: Workers with on-the-job and in-school training

Produces better quality work: Apprentices are motivated to learn the business and will work hard and effectively for the business

Improves staff retention: Apprentices more easily adopt company values and are more likely to remain with the employer than non-apprentices since there is an investment from the start

Reduces costs: The higher productivity and loyalty of apprentices enables companies to recover much of the costs involved in training new employees

Addresses the skills shortage: Apprenticeships address short-term recruitment problems and also secure the skills and workforce of the future


Endless Career Possibilities

I can become a supervisor or manager.

I can represent my trade in a business, trade or labour group.

I can become a business owner.

I can become

a highly skilled journeyperson.

I can become a trade instructor.


Motor Vehicle Apprentice


Generally, a career in trades requires:

  • Good literacy skills
  • Ability to solve problems
  • Good communication skills
  • Aptitude for technology
  • Creativity and imagination
  • Attention to detail
  • Mathematical and analytical skills
  • Coordination and dexterity
  • Visualization of the end product



you need


for your trade!


For more information contact:

Apprenticeship Manitoba

1010- 401 York Ave.

Winnipeg, MB R3C 0P8

Ph: 204-945-3337 / 1-877- 978-7233

WEB – meet apprentices and journeypersons