Stories to Promote Social Behaviour KathleenTripp Camden Language and Communication Service email@example.com
Impairment of Social and Emotional Understanding • Social Stories • Comic Strip Conversations • Power Card Stories
Problems with Social and Emotional Understanding • Difficulty recognizing other people’s emotions (facial expression, tone of voice, sarcasm) • Empathy • Shared knowledge • Relationships between people • Viewing people as objects • Over honest/frank –lack of deception Un-spoken rules/personal space • Different non-verbal signals –or avoidance e.g. aversion to eye contact • Seems pedantic Are any of these familiar?
Social Stories and Comic Strip Conversations by Carol Gray • What are Social Stories? Social Stories were developed by Carol Gray in 1991 to assist individuals with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) to develop greater social understanding. A Social Story is a short description of a particular situation, event or activity, which includes specific information about what to expect in that situation and why. They can provide an individual with some idea of how others might respond in a particular situation and therefore provide a framework for appropriate behaviour. • http://www.nas.org.uk/nas/jsp/polopoly.jsp?d=1574
Some Sample Social Stories • Taking Care of Me • Home • Going Places
Picking my nose story • We all have a nose. • Sometimes I get a cold and my nose gets full of bogies. • This makes my nose feel funny and I don’t like it. • Sometimes I want to pick my nose and eat them so I can get rid of the bogies. • Adults and children think this is gross and they may say “yuck!” • I don’t want the adults and children to think I am gross. This will make me feel sad. Yuck! • When I want to pick my nose I need to STOP, get some Tissue and BLOW my NOSE. Then I need to throw the tissue in the bin. • If I am still having problems and really, really need to pick my nose, I can go to the toilet where nobody can see me. I MUST wash my hands afterwards. • I like it when adults and children don’t think I am gross. It makes them happy when I don’t pick my nose. It makes me happy that I can remember to blow my nose instead. It will make my teacher VERY HAPPY. www.sparklebox.co.uk
What is a Comic Strip Conversation? • Comic Strip Conversations provide visual representations of the different levels of communication that take place in a conversation, using symbols, stick figure drawings and colour.
With a partner…. • One person is the ASD child, the other is the teacher. • Using the scenario given to you, the teacher supports the child in developing some further social understanding as to what happened in that situation.
Power Card Stories • The power card strategy is another way to use a student's special interest as a tool for support. The technique consists of two elements: 1. a story about a strategy that a student's hero has used to solve a problem. 2. the Power Card itself, which is the size of a business card and recaps how the person using the card can use the same strategy to solve a similar problem.
Snow White likes school. She works very hard and likes to play with her friends.
Sometimes at school, Snow White hits other children in the class. When this happens, it upsets the other children and the teachers as well.
One day, Dopey explained that it is better to say “I’m angry!” and then fold your arms. That way no one gets upset and no one gets hurt. Snow White thinks this a good idea.
Snow White decides that the next time she wants to hit someone she will say “I’m angry!” and fold her arms.
The next time Snow White wanted to hit someone she said “I’m angry!” and folded her arms.
Everybody was happy! The adults and children were very happy that she managed so well.
Snow White knows that when she gets angry, she needs to say “I’m angry!” and fold her arms.
Look at your Power Card Story. • What is the child’s favourite character? • What is the undesired behaviour? • What is the replacement behaviour?
Think about a child you know. • What is the child’s favourite character? • What is the undesired behaviour? • What is the replacement behaviour?
Thank You! • Please use the CLCS to help you to develop these stories, we are more than happy to help!