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[1]. Xenophon’s Anabasis of cyrus. Joseph Pecsenyicki COMP 261 Amanda McGuire Nov 20, 2013. [2, 3]. [4, 5]. 401 B.C. [6]. The 30-year war between Athens and Sparta is over. Greece lies in ruins. An entire generation of men has been schooled in war.

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xenophon s anabasis of cyrus

[1]

Xenophon’sAnabasis of cyrus

Joseph Pecsenyicki

COMP 261

Amanda McGuire

Nov 20, 2013

[2, 3]

slide2

[4, 5]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide4

401 B.C.

[6]

The 30-year war between Athens and Sparta is over.

Greece lies in ruins.

An entire generation of men has been schooled in war.

It is the only profession they know.

General Clearchus of Sparta has brought ten thousand of these desperate mercenaries to what is modern-day Turkey.

They are to raid a rebellious tribe for a Persian governor, Cyrus the Younger.

But Clearchus has not yet told them their true mission ―

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide5

Typical Shield Emblems

[7]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide6

20 thousand Persian troops join Greek mercenaries

  • But:
    • Troops march past their objective!

[8]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide7

Clearchus now tells truth

  • Real mission:
    • Overthrow King of Persia!
    • Install employer (Cyrus the Younger) on throne

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide9

Follows example of father

    • He killed own brother to become king, too! [9]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide10

Ten Thousand want out

    • Much riskier than original job
    • Pay too low
  • But don’t leave
    • Potential loss of reputation
    • Shamed into staying
    • Offered more money

[10]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide11

March 1,700 miles

(through Turkey, Syria & Iraq) [11]

[12]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide12

Meet King’s army near Babylon, Iraq

Outnumbered 2:1 [13]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide13

Greeks fight in phalanx formation

Greeks win their part of battle

Cyrus wins his part of battle

Cyrus pursues retreating Persians

Cyrus killed by javelin to chest

[14, 15]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide14

Aftermath:

  • Employer – dead
  • No hope of collecting salary
  • 1,700 miles behind enemy lines
  • And...

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide15

Greek generals soon dead, too

    • Call a truce
    • Try to negotiate withdrawal
    • Killed by Persians
  • Clearchus among the dead

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide16

Ten Thousand response:

    • Elect new generals!

[16]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide17

New generals decide:

  • Not to go back the same route
    • Persian cavalry can pick them off on flat land
  • Head north, through Armenian mountains

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide18

[12]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide19

The Ten Thousand fight a number of battles

      • Lose very few men

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide20

High point of story:

  • Eventually reach the Black Sea
      • Out of reach of Persian Empire

“The sea! The sea!”

[18]

[17]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide21

One interesting event:

  • Honey from one mountain village caused violent illness in most of men.
  • Small amount of honey:
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Inability to stand
  • Drunkenness [19]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide22

Large amount of honey:

  • Mad raving
  • Victims near death [19]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide23

Cause?

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide24

Rhododendron luteum

[21]

[20]

[22]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide25

(All recover within 3 days)

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide26

Conclusion

  • The Anabasis of Cyrus by Xenophon:
  • Exciting story
  • About leadership & human nature
  • Historically-significant
    • Used as blueprint for invasion of Persian Empire (70 yrs later)...

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide27

M-M-M-Macedonia!

[23]

Joseph Pecsenyicki

slide28

[7]

Joseph Pecsenyicki