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Concept Notes on Drought Information Network Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India, New Delhi. Rajendra K Gupta, Ph. D. Lead Solution Architect. Agenda. Key objectives and goals Business View Enterprise view Process View Technical View Architectural View IBM Offerings. Objective.

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concept notes on drought information network ministry of agriculture govt of india new delhi

Concept Notes on Drought Information NetworkMinistry of Agriculture,Govt. of India, New Delhi

Rajendra K Gupta, Ph. D.

Lead Solution Architect

IBM Confidential

agenda
Agenda
  • Key objectives and goals
  • Business View
  • Enterprise view
  • Process View
  • Technical View
  • Architectural View
  • IBM Offerings

IBM Confidential

objective
Objective
  • Min. of Agriculture planning to an integrated approach in drought monitoring, forecasting and impact assessment with the following objectives
    • to develop an operational system for nation wide drought monitoring and drought impact assessment for application in agriculture and hydrology in India using various data inventory available with different agencies
    • to run short and long term drought management programs related to monitoring, proofing, mitigation, prevention of drought
    • to monitor matters relating to damage to crops due to drought
    • to coordinate relief measures necessitated by drought
    • to attend the matter relating to loss of human life due to drought
    • to manage Indian People’s Natural Calamity Trust
    • to frame drought related policies
    • to handle all parliamentary matters on drought

IBM Confidential

goals
Goals
  • Supporting systematic collection and processing of meteorological, agro-meteorological and hydrological observations;
  • Building and strengthening scientific networks;
  • Developing an inventory of climate and water resources indicators and indices;
  • Improved understanding of the drought climatology;
  • Understanding the principal causes of drought at local, regional, and global levels;
  • Decision support models for the dissemination of drought-related information;
  • Development and dissemination of vulnerability/risk assessment tools (social and environmental);
  • Dissemination of drought planning methodologies to drought-prone states
  • Development of national and regional drought management policies
  • Education and awareness of policy makers and the public;
  • Enhancement of collaboration between regional and international organizations
  • Scientifically based drought mitigation and drought relief decision alternatives
  • Real time drought monitoring and prediction maps
  • Assessment of economic loss caused by drought and finally providing suggestions for drought relief decisions
  • An Internet based “Drought Information Network” system will be developed to provide information concerning the drought evolution situation and to support drought relief decision-making. The system will be implemented at the National Drought Management Center of the Ministry of Agriculture and can be accessed in real time by decision-making agencies at different levels (national, state, local authorities) via Internet.
  • Setup a “Drought Response Center” for information services to farmers, rural communities and other citizens
  • Support development of regional networks for drought preparedness that would build greater institutional capacity at the local, national, and regional capacity, sharing lessons learned in drought monitoring, prediction, vulnerability assessment, preparedness, and policy development;

IBM Confidential

business context diagram for drought monitoring forecasting impact assessment

State Drought Monitoring Cell, State Agril. Dept., State Remote Sensing Authorities. Regional Climatologist Assessment Group

Business Context Diagram for Drought Monitoring, Forecasting & Impact Assessment

Local Area Impact Assessment Group/Drought Impact Reporters

IMD, National Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasting,

Drought Monitoring at regional level, network of rainfall/ agro-meteorological observatories, regional advisories, etc.

Validation of Global Products, Inputs on drought impact, economic losses, regional/local advisories, etc.

Meteorological, Agro-meteorological data, indices, weather bulletin, agro-meter. Advisories, Medium Range Weather Forecast, etc.

Reservoir Levels, Ground Water Levels, Water Resources Related Policies, Advisories, Drought Indices, etc.

Information Services, Drought Products, Weather Bulletins, Agril. Advisory Services, Policies, Drought Planning & Mitigation Programs, etc.

CWC, CGWB, Min. of Water Resources

Farmers/Users/ Business Users/ Drought Response Center

Department of Transport

Global Drought Monitoring, Forecasting & Assessment

IRS 1C/1A Satellite Data, VHRR, WiFS, Vegetation Drought Indices, etc..

Drought Advices, Assist in Policies Sharing, Drought Research Programs, AVHRR, MODIS, USGS Data for Drought Monitoring

Advices, Policies, Impact Assessments, Crop Watch, Drought Programs, Agril-Meteorological Data, etc.

National Remote Sensing Agency, NNRMS, SAC

Crop Weather Watch Group, National Crop Forecast Group, Min. of Agri; Indian Council of Agril Research

International Institutions - NOAA, NASA, EROS, USGS, USDA

IBM Confidential

enterprise view of drought monitoring forecasting assessment

eMail-

Chat

Call Centers-

Telephony

Face to Face

(Drought Res. Center)

Forms

Internet

Kiosk

Wireless

CellPhone

Govt. Departments

Businesses

Access Channels

Enterprise View of Drought Monitoring, Forecasting & Assessment

Information Services

Advisory Services

Data Products

Alert System/Triggers

Drought Planning & Mitigation Programs

  • Weather Bulletin
  • Crop Production Guide
  • Soils, Seed, Fertilizer
  • Irrigation and Watersheds
  • Water Resources
  • Horticulture, Floricutlure
  • Diary, Poultry & Fisheries,
  • Int. Nutrient Management
  • Disease & Pest Manag.
  • Post Harvest Technology
  • Food Processing
  • Govt. Schemes Details
  • Demonstration and Trials
  • Statistics & Reports,
  • Citizen Charter
  • Policy Notes, etc.
  • Cropping Pattern
  • Int. Pest Management
  • Int. Nutrient Manag.
  • Irrigation Manag.
  • Soil Management
  • Disease Management
  • Meterological Data Products
  • Hydrological Data Products
  • Agricultural Drought Products
  • Drought Warning
  • Attack of Pests/Insect
  • Disaster Relief Details
  • Relief measures

extended

  • Watershed Mgmt Programs
  • Dryland farming & Multi-cropping
  • River Valley Project
  • Swajal Dhara
  • Acc. Rural Water Supply Prog
  • Int. Wasteland Devel. Project
  • Drought Prone Areas Program
  • Desert Devel. Program
  • Int. Afforestation & Eco-Devl. Proj
  • Ind. Farm Foresty Devel Co. Proj
  • Environment Conservation Prog.

Services

Drought Impact Assessment

Drought Program, Project & Grant Mgmt

Drought Impact Quantification

Drought Policies

Drought Information Dissemination

Drought Planning

Functions

GIS & Remote Sensing Image Analysis

Data Gathering, Validation & Cleansing

Drought Research Management

Drought Products Generation

Data Analysis (short & Long term)

Data Warehouse

External Agencies

State Agril. Dept, Universities

Ag. Min., Ag. Crop Wea. Watch Group, NCFC, ICAR

State Drought Monitoring Cells

Other organi. NCDEX, ICICI Crop Forecasting

International Institutions - NOAA, NASA, EROS, USGS, USDA

Min. of Water Resources-CWC, CGWB

IMD-DMD, NCMRWF

NRSA, SAC, NNRMS

Local Area Impact Assessment Group

IBM Confidential

slide7

Processes in Drought Monitoring, Forecasting and Assessment

Data Cleaning (QC)

Data Collection & Validation

Product Verification

Local Area Impact Assessment Groups/ Regional Climatologist/ Drought Impact Reporters

  • Data Types
  • Structure Data
  • Unstructured Data
  • Image Data
  • Vector Data

Data Warehouse

  • Observatories/ Remote Sensing Data
  • Meteorological (Relational Data),
  • Agro-meteorological (Relational data),
  • Hydrological (Relational Data),
  • Satellite Images (Image/Vector Data),

Drought Information Network

(Pull/Push

Publish/ Subscribe)

  • Data Analysis
  • Statistical Analysis
  • Interpolation/Extrapolation
  • Spatial GIS Analysis
  • Image Processing

Data Analysis

  • Third Party Reports/Bulletin
  • Drought Reports
  • Advisory Reports
  • Weather Bulletin Board
  • Indices
  • Meteorological Indices
  • Hydrological Indices
  • Agricultural Indices

Product Generation

Policies

  • Policies
  • Drought Management
  • Drought Relief
  • Sustainable Mgmt. of Agril.
  • Water Mgmt. Policies

Drought Impact Assessment & Quantification

Advisory Services

  • Experts
  • Agriculturist-Agronomist
  • Hydrologists
  • Meteorologist/Climatologist
  • Remote Sensing & GIS Experts

IBM Confidential

what are the challenges
A) Making Composite Application

Enabling applications to effectively communicate with each other

Adding, removing and changing applications without disrupting the entire business

Overcoming connectivity challenges

B) Flexible connectivity infrastructure for integrating applications and services to power your SOA

C) Enterprise Service Bus

Routing messages between services

Converting transport protocols between requestor and service

Transforming message format between requestor and service

Handling business events from disparate sources

(A)

What are the challenges?

multiple programming models

multiple platforms

multiple programming languages

multiple message formats

varieties of “standards”

(B)

(C)

IBM Confidential

din needs service oriented architecture approach

Decision Criteria

Process

Models and

Modules

Channel

B2B

Web

Enterprise Portals

Consumers

Processes and workflows

Business Process

Composition; choreography;

business state machines

Workflows

Service Consumer

Services

atomic and composite

Enterprise Service Bus

Services

Service Components

Components

Service components

Service Provider

Core

Applications

And Data

OO

Application

Custom

Application

Packaged

Application

Operational Systems

Business Services Integration

Integration layer

Infrastructure Services Landscape

DIN needs Service Oriented Architecture Approach…

transform

use

Scale/Availability

Connectivity/Messaging

IT Optimization/Virtualization

Services Management of Business Metrics

Security/Compliance

expose

expose

IBM Confidential

slide10

GIS in the Enterprise Architecture

. . . Open, Flexible and Standards Based

Web Services &

Messaging

Application

Other Enterprise Systems

Imaging System

ArcGIS

Server

Geodatabase

IBM Confidential

slide11

Process Integration Services

Business Modeling and Monitoring

Process Automation

Human Activity

Partner Services

Cross-Reference

StateManagement

Transaction /Compensation

ProcessChoreography

Audit

Staff

Analytics

BusinessProtocol

BusinessProtocol

BusinessPartner

Views / Interfaces

xSeries

Engines

pSeries

Engines

zSeries

Engines

Events

A Typical Architecture Overview of DIN

Consumer

WebSphere Business Integration Server

3rd Party Partner

WebSphereBusinessIntegrationConnect

WebSpherePortal

Alliance

Partners

User Interaction Services

Dashboard

Data Server

Presentation

Personalization

Collaboration

Wireless Applications

Data Server

Enterprise database

Enterprise Service Bus

Web Services

Gateway

Routing

Pub/Sub

Transformation

Mediation

Transport

Internet

Main application areas supporting the business

Information Services

Alert

Services

Shared

Collaboration

Services

Product

Services

Operations

< Rolling >

Web Services

Application

Advisory

Services

Image

Services

Customer

Other Service

Geospatial

Service

Enterprise data

IBM Confidential

slide12

Windows

AIX

Solaris

HP-UX

OS/400

z/OS

  • Scalable
  • Standards-based
  • Modular and Flexible
  • Reliable
  • Platform independent
  • Globalized

IBM Software Shared Components

Linux

IBM Confidential

slide13

DIN Vision……

Optimized business results and rapid reaction to events

  • Real-time access to critical drought indicators

On Demand

Operating Environment

Workflow Monitors

BI Tools

Portals

Management Tools

IT Operations Managers

Analytic Workers

Process Managers

Managers & Employees

IBM Confidential

slide14

Questions or Comments??

IBM Confidential