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REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FORUM FOR AFRICA KIGALI, RWANDA. Trends in ICT: The role of Terrestrial backhauls, access networks and Institutions in ensuring equitable access to ICT. Thomas Senaji ITU Consultant. Outline. Overview and background of implementation of resolutions relevant to Access

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regional development forum for africa kigali rwanda

REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT FORUM FOR AFRICAKIGALI, RWANDA

Trends in ICT: The role of Terrestrial backhauls, access networks and Institutions in ensuring equitable access to ICT

Thomas Senaji

ITU Consultant

outline
Outline
  • Overview and background of implementation of resolutions relevant to Access
  • Development of broadband in Africa
  • Challenges and achievements
  • Technical and commercial opportunities and challenges which require stakeholder attention
slide3

Issues, best practices and concepts in backhauls and access infrastructure development

  • Implementation aspects to facilitate equitable access in Africa
overview
Overview
  • The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) highlighted the role of ICTs as progressional and developmental means that should be given a priority all over the world.
wtdc 02 istanbul 2002
WTDC’ 02 (Istanbul, 2002)
  • Resolution 17 (Rev. Istanbul, 2002) of the World Telecommunication Development Conference (WTDC) adopted by the WTDC-06 required that the Telecommunication Development Bureau (BDT) identifies possible ways and means of implementing regionally approved initiatives at the national, regional, interregional and global levels ;and
slide6

Actively assist the countries in elaborating and implementing the regionally approved initiatives that form part of this resolution.

wtdc 06 doha 2006
WTDC’ 06 (Doha, 2006)
  • It was further resolved that BDT should assist in the implementation of these initiatives at all levels, integrating as far as possible those initiatives that have the same content or objectives, taking into consideration the Doha Action Plan.
connect africa summit kigali 2007
Connect Africa Summit (Kigali, 2007)
  • In an effort to achieve the implementation of this initiative, Connect Africa Summit was organized and held in Kigali, in October 2007. Goals 1 and 2 which are integral parts of the Summit’s outcomes also underscore this point.
slide9

WTPF-09 Opinion 2 on “The implications of the advent of next-generation networks (NGNs) and advanced broadband access” in recognition of the Plenipotentiary Conference 2006 adopted Resolution 137 (Antalya, 2006) on next-generation network deployment in developing countries.

slide10

The Opinion 2, s.3(c)specifically invited ITU Sector Members to support ITU’s and Member States’ capacity-building initiatives related to NGN environment and applications, broadband technologies and security technologies and measures

4 th wtpf lisbon 2009
4th WTPF (Lisbon, 2009)
  • Besides Opinion 2 of the 4th WTPF (Lisbon, 2009) which recognised the Plenipotentiary Conference Resolution 137 (Antalya, 2006) on next-generation network (NGN) deployment in developing countries a Master plan for migration to IP based networks is considered as being very important in accelerating the migration of networks in Africa (e.g. ATU-SG, 2011) .
wtdc 10 hyderbad 2010
WTDC’ 10 (Hyderbad, 2010)
  • There was consensus at the WTDC-10 (in Hyderabad, 2010), that the issue of the migration from existing networks to next-generation networks is of extreme importance to all countries, particularly developing countries and needed to be continued as a revised Question in the next study period 2010-2014 with a view to highlighting the impact of NGNs on this issue.
slide13

Question 26/2 – Migration from existing networks to next-generation networks for developing countries: technical, regulatory and policy aspectsis a merger ofQ.6-2/1 and Q.19-1/2 for the 2010 -2014 period

follow up on connect africa summit kigali 2007 goals
Follow up on Connect Africa Summit Kigali, 2007 Goals
  • For example, the ITU has ITU Regional Development Forums (RDF) in Africa such as those held in Accra, Ghana (May, 2008), Lusaka, Zambia (May, 2009) and the ITU/BDT Workshop on NGN conformance and interoperability (Nairobi, 2010) and a subsequent meeting in Accra, Ghana (July, 2011).
development of broadband in africa
Development of broadband in Africa
  • Submarine systems: EASSY, SEACOM,SAT-3, TEAMS, LION, WACS etc
  • Deployment of Backhauls from the landing stations into the hinterland
  • Collaboration between countries is ongoing
  • Broadband access over mobiles, OFC, xDSL, radio etc
slide16

Policy, legislative and regulatory reforms;

  • Institutional reforms to promote ICTs including backhauls and access
  • ITU support of programs according to Resolutions
highlight of challenges and achievements
Highlight of challenges and achievements
  • Technical: interoperability and conformance, QoS
  • Policy: harmonisation of ICT policies
  • Regulatory: technology neutral - still more to be done
  • Commercial issues: pricing and lowering of interconnection charges
  • Regional integration initiatives to create larger markets
technical and commercial opportunities and challenges which require stakeholder attention
Technical and commercial opportunities and challenges which require stakeholder attention
  • Opportunities
    • Facilities sharing
    • Customisation of migration plans
    • Benchmarking best practice
    • Interconnection regimes
    • Spectrum pricing
slide19

Authorisation/Licensing regimes

  • government initiatives on broadband
challenges
Challenges
  • conformance and interoperability
  • inadequate legislation regarding ICT matters such as vandalism and security
  • uncompetitive practices tendencies
  • financing backhauls
  • seamless quality of service across boarders
  • human capacity for deployment and use of services
issues best practices and concepts in backhauls and access infrastructure development
Issues, best practices and concepts in backhauls and access infrastructure development
  • Institutions: strengthening institutions to deliver on synergistic mandates ( government, regulatory authorities, service providers, consumer organisations )
  • Equitable access to scarce resources: spectrum high points, way leaves
slide22

equal and non-discriminatory access to networks

  • integrated infrastructure development
  • innovative financing of backhaul and access projects
implementation aspects to facilitate equitable access in africa
Implementation aspects to facilitate equitable access in Africa
  • Partnerships: governments/ private sector (PPPs) and governments and the development partners
  • innovative funding
  • benchmarking best-practice (no re-inventing the wheel)
slide24

development of master plans covering the complete range of ICT backhaul e.g. The Rwanda NICIs

  • strong institutions (policy, regulatory, legislative, operational, and consumer) to promote equitable access to ICTs
access to ict for life endeavors
Access to ICT for life endeavors
  • e-applications in health, education, security, disaster management, finance, agriculture etc … for social, economic and political development
concluding remarks
Concluding Remarks
  • We need to emphasise each element of the ICT value chain
    • Applications - ITES
    • core network – converged, NGN
    • transport networks (including backhauls) – high capacity
    • access networks – broadband with integrated access devices
    • access devices for use by all e.g. those with disability
important enabling infrastructure for backhauls and access networks
Important Enabling infrastructure for backhauls and access networks
  • policy – sound policy
  • regulation – level playing field, predictability
  • legislation – law makers/parliaments
  • human capacity – centre of excellence
  • leadership – promoting ICT agenda at the very top
slide28

technology – innovations

  • financial institutions –
  • leadership
contacts of speaker
Contacts of Speaker

Dr. Thomas Senaji

P.O. Box 41033 Nairobi 00100

+254-722-772-400

tsenaji@gmail.com