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Japan - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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China. Japan. Human Geography: China and Japan. China. Early History. Shi Huangdi of the Qin Dynasty…built most of the Great Wall and had an elaborate tomb with thousands of clay soldiers!. Oldest continuous civilizations: geographic isolation allowed them develop

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slide1

China

Japan

early history
Early History

Shi Huangdi of the Qin Dynasty…built most of the Great Wall and had an elaborate tomb with thousands of clay soldiers!

  • Oldest continuous civilizations: geographic isolation allowed them develop
  • Dynasty: a series of rulers from the same family
    • Lasted until 1911
the great wall of china
The Great Wall of China
  • More than 4,000 miles along China’s northern border with Mongolia, whom many conflicts occurred with.
china revolution and change
China: Revolution and Change
  • 19th century: Controlled by Britain, France, Germany, Russia, and Japan (sphere of influence)
  • Boxer Rebellion 1900: Chinese killed Europeans and Christians in China
    • (boxer: fists of righteous unity)
chiang kai shek and mao zedong
Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong

I win!

  • Mid 20th Century, fighting occurs between:
    • Chiang Kai-shek, the Leader of the Nationalists (can have private ownership)&
    • Mao Zedong: Leader of the Communists (no private ownership)
  • China becomes Communist!
  • The People’s Republic of China

I’m heading to Taiwan.

slide10
Fireworks, noodles, paper, gunpowder, compass, porcelain, silk, and printing all were invented by the Chinese
rural and industrial economies
Rural and Industrial Economies
  • Largely agricultural: 60% work on farms
    • What can explain why most of the people list in the east and not the west?
  • Manufacturing: abundant resources (coal, iron ore, oil)
    • Shanghai: One of the world’s great industrial centers
    • Textiles, steel, consumer goods
confucius 551 479 bce
Confucius(551-479 BCE)
  • Considered China’s greatest philosopher
  • Ethics – correct way to live
  • Human nature – good
  • Men should be kind, tolerant, and love their elders and ancestors (filial piety)
  • Golden rule: “Do not do to others what you would not have others do to you.”
  • Confucianism – code of behavior and religion
    • Education, good manners, right morals, respect for others, love of tradition, obedience to one’s parents
slide14

“Be not ashamed of mistakes and thus make them crimes.”

“Before you embark on a journey of revenge, dig two graves.”

“Everything has its beauty but not everyone sees it.”

“Forget injuries, never forget kindnesses.”

“He who will not economize will have to agonize.”

“I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.”

“Ignorance is the night of the mind, but a night without moon and star.”

slide17

Taoism

    • Philosophy based on the teachings of Lao-Tzu of China
    • Believes in everything being in harmony with nature
    • Government should leave people alone
taoism
TAOISM

Taoism is not a religion. Taoism is a philosophy, a way of looking at life and a way of thinking about things. Taoists believe if you look at life and think about things in the right way, you'll be much happier. 

Taoists are firm believers in joy and laughter

“There is more to knowing than just being correct.”

“A clever mind is not a heart.”

Taoists believe it's very important to understand the way Things Are. This does not mean that there are not things we need to change about ourselves, but it's important to recognize and trust our own inner nature, and discover who we are

slide19

Buddhism

  • Spread from India
  • Many branches and different interpretations
  • Influences from Confucianism and Taoism
  • Buddhism in Tibet
    • Tibet was an independent religious state led by the Dalai Lama
    • The area was taken over by communist China and the Dalai Lama is currently in exile in India  from there he is traveling the world to help free Tibet
population china
Population – China
  • Over 1.6 billion people
    • Shanghai = 13.5 million
    • Beijing = 11.2 million (host of the 2008 summer Olympics)
  • Pollution consequences
    • Production needs to keep up with population
slide21

Because of concerns about a rapidly expanding population, china in 1979 adopted a policy of one child per family. In addition, the country has age restrictions for marriage. A man must be 22 and a woman 20 before they can marry. Those policies have reduced China’s birthrate dramatically.

However, the government policy of one child per family has run into opposition. Rural families, in particular, feel the need for more than one child to help work on their farms. Because of these problems, the government has relaxed the one-child policy.

deng xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
  • Chinese ruler that instituted the “One Child Policy”
  • Repercussions of policy:
    • Forced abortions
    • Sterilization
    • Majority of population is male
ancient japan
Ancient Japan
  • Not unified: hundreds of clans ruling separate territories
  • Professional soldiers called samurai served the interest of landowners and clan chiefs
  • 1192 Emperor creates military ruler = SHOGUN
    • Supported by Samurai
    • Fought off Mongol invasion
    • 1868 last shogun resigns,

all power to the emperor

economic powerhouse
Economic Powerhouse
  • 2nd to the United States in size of its economy
  • Manufacturing and trade at the heart of economy
  • Imports most of its natural resources
  • 75% of people live in cities
    • How does contribute to their economy?
population of japan
Population of Japan
  • Population = about 127 million
  • Very urbanized (3/4 of the people live in cities)
  • Tokyo – 13.6 million people
  • Cities are overcrowded and polluted
japan s recent p opulation p roblems
Japan’s Recent Population Problems
  • Japan’s population could plummet by more than 61 percent to just under 50 million in the next century.
      • More than two-fifths (41.1 percent) of the total population will be above the age of 65 by then.
  • Why is this happening?
  • Japan is also not very culturally diverse
japanes e culture modern traditional
Japanese Culture: Modern & Traditional
  • Shintoism – traditional Japanese religion (ancestor & nature worship)
  • Kabuki Theater: Dress in traditional clothing and have dramatic plays
japanese culture modern traditional
Japanese Culture: Modern & Traditional
  • Architectural style derived from Buddhist temples
  • Capsule hotels in Japan provide tiny rooms for overnight guests