关于收集词汇的基本思想
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关于收集词汇的基本思想 . 哪些必须收 – 非常重要和常用  尽量收全. 举例 ( 包括大量缩写词 ): APOGEE – the APO G alaxy E volution E xperiment MaNGA – Ma pping N earby G alaxies at A PO eBOSS – the E xtended B aryon O scillation S pectroscopic S urvey . AS3/SDSS IV. 又如 : 缺少“ membership determination ”

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关于收集词汇的基本思想

  • 哪些必须收– 非常重要和常用 尽量收全

举例(包括大量缩写词):

APOGEE– the APO Galaxy Evolution Experiment

MaNGA– Mapping Nearby Galaxies at APO

eBOSS– the Extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey 

AS3/SDSS IV


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又如: 缺少“membership determination”

– 成员性判定(星团、星系团)

英汉天文学名词(2000)中有“determination==测定”


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不反映独立概念,或使用较少的组合词,如galactic radio astronomy、“supernova search”, “designation of novae”等,在新收词汇中尽可能避免(尤其纸质版)。

08.xls

顺序号 序号

54 18274 supernova search(大陆名) 超新星巡天

==> 建议改为“超新星搜寻”

理由:这里的"search"可指某一特定、有限范围的搜寻,用“巡天”似不妥。


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  • 哪些需考虑统一收录标准

类似“组合词”

关于一些天体名的收录问题

例如近邻星系、矮星系、星系团等,

目前有的收录,有的未收录,是否应

全部收入,或者制订某种标准。


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对几个名词译法的意见

  • (CCD观测) dark current– 暗流;

  • 但没有”dark,dark flame”  (建议译为“暗场”)

  • 比较: (CCD观测)

  • bias = 本底

  • flat,flat field = 平场

  • “membership of star cluster – 星团成员”

  •  membership 应为“成员性”

  • “membership of cluster of galaxies”


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Global AstrometricInterferometer for Astrophysics 全天天体测量干涉仪

Galactic Astrophysics

through Imaging and Astrometry


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Galactic 银河系


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X射线波段的银河系


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