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Local. Erica Kufleitner. Emily Ajumobi. Jamita Baker. Tim Calabese. Myra Sawyer. Wetlands. What is a Wetland?

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Erica Kufleitner

Emily Ajumobi

Jamita Baker

Tim Calabese

Myra Sawyer

  • What is a Wetland?

Wetlands are areas where water covers the soil, or is present either at or near the surface of the soil all year or for a varying period of time during the year, including during the growing season.

  • Types of Wetlands
    • Marshes
    • Swamps
    • Bogs
    • Fens
why are wetlands important
Why are wetlands important?
  • Water quality
  • Habitat wildlife
  • Ecological function
  • Medicines
The need to protect and to stop the disruption to the wildlife.

Wetlands are being harmed by both natural and human threats such as the draining and filling for development and hunting that is a default about government policies.

Now, only about 50% of the natural wetlands are left.

Wetlands are meant to be left alone.

  • If we, as environmentalists, enforce a governmental policy to stay away from all wetlands, will people actually abide by that law.

For Example: The developers of protected wetlands.

how can i make a difference
Get involved.

Find out where wetlands exist near your home.

Try to learn more about them.

Support educational efforts.

Encourage neighbors, developers, and state and local governments to protect the function.

Select upland rather than wetlands sites for development projects.

Support wetlands and watershed protection initiatives by public agencies and private organizations.

How can I make a Difference?

Should wetlands be preserved or conserved?

Our Solution: Preservation Reformation

dismal swamp
Salinity - .05

pH – 4.53

Water Temp. – 21.98 c

DO (mg/l) - .95

Secchi Dish – 43.18cm

Soil – Peat

(Results may vary due to where you are.)

Salinity – .04

pH – 5.69

Water Temp. – 25.4 c

DO (mg/l) – .43

Secchi Dish – 53.34 cm

Soil - Peat

Dismal Swamp

Site #2

Site #3

Site #1

  • Salinity – .04
  • pH – 3.93
  • Water Temp. – 29 c
  • DO (mg/l) – 3.55
  • Secchi Dish – 29.4 cm
  • Soil -Peat
dismal swamps history
The Great Dismal Swamp use to be the lure

of many men who sought fortune from the vast

land and natural supply of valuable lumber.

One of the first and most famous business

supporters of the Dismal Swamp was George

Washinton. He suggested and built a canal in 1793.

Besides this one, there are many others such as a

feeder ditch that leads to Lake Drummond and also

acts as passsage ways to other places. At one time

these passage ways and others, like railroads, helped

to transport lumber to different cities. Not only were

these canals used for transport but also provided a safe way for runaway

slaves seeking freedom. Because of this it is now recognized as part of

the National Underground Railroad.

Dismal Swamps-History
currituck sound
Water Temp. (surface) - 31.3 c

Secchi Depth - 14 cm

Water Depth -16 cm

pH (surface) - 8.39 s.u.

DO (surface) -8.95 mg/l

Salinity (surface) - 2.95 ppt

Wind Speed - 3.9 knots

Wind Direction - SW

Beaufort Scale - Moderate Breeze

Bottom Substrate - Muddy Sand

Water Temp. (surface) - 31.61 c

Secchi Depth - 27 cm

Water Depth - 29 cm

pH (surface) -8.99 s.u.

DO (surface) - 10.66 mg/l

Salinity (surface) - 3.15 ppt

Wind Speed - 9.2 knots

Wind Direction - SE

Beaufort Scale - Strong Gale

Bottom Substrate - Muddy Sand

Currituck Sound

Site # 3

Site # 4

Site # 5

  • Water Temp. (surface) - 33.12 c
  • Secchi Depth - 6 cm
  • Water Depth - 8 cm
  • pH (surface) - 9.37 s.u.
  • DO (surface) - 11.87 mg/l
  • Salinity (surface) - 3.38 ppt
  • Wind Speed - 4.9 knots
  • Wind Direction - SE
  • Beaufort Scale - Fresh Breeze
  • Bottom Substrate - Muddy Sand
currituck sound history
The Currituck Sound has long been known as a great fishing, hunting, and tourist spot. At one time the Sound was once called the “Land of the Wild Goose” because of the abundant amount of waterfowl. Not only is the Currituck Sound rich in heritage but also provides a passage way to many other places. During the 1700s, many seamen lost their lives because they could not navigate their boats or ships safely. Therefore, the Currituck Sound was named the “the Graveyard of the Atlantic"by Alexander Hamilton. Because of this , you can now see the coast of North Carolina dotted with lighthouses. Currituck Sound-History
compare contrast
Wetland Type –Brackish Marsh

Plants and Soils – Muddy Sand, Phragmites australus,

Wildlife – Fish, Crabs, Horses, Ducks

Habitat – Maritime Shrub Thickets, Mixed Forests, Estuary, Open Water, Shallow-water Impoundment

Water Quality – Brackish

Soil pH – Varies from slight acidity to strong acidity (6.0-4.5)

Wetland Type - Swamp

Plants and Soils – Peat, Red Maple, Pinus Strabus

Wildlife – Deer, Birds, Bears

Habitat -remnant marsh, a sphagnum bog, and an evergreen shrub

Water Quality – Tannic

Soil pH - Neutral 7


Dismal Swamp

Currituck Sound

  • We learned that the wetlands are an important contribution to the environment.
  • Working in groups can get very complicated.
  • Phragmites australus is an invasive plant in wetland areas.
  • The Currituck Sound was once/is an ideal place for bass fishing as well as hunting for waterfowl.
  • The Dismal Swamp is a seasonally flooded wetland.
credits references


Ms. Fowlkes

Mrs. Forbes

Mrs. Noble

Dr. Porter

Dr. Pringle