Local. Erica Kufleitner. Emily Ajumobi. Jamita Baker. Tim Calabese. Myra Sawyer. Wetlands. What is a Wetland?
Wetlands are areas where water covers the soil, or is present either at or near the surface of the soil all year or for a varying period of time during the year, including during the growing season.
Wetlands are being harmed by both natural and human threats such as the draining and filling for development and hunting that is a default about government policies.
Now, only about 50% of the natural wetlands are left.
Wetlands are meant to be left alone.Problem
For Example: The developers of protected wetlands.
Find out where wetlands exist near your home.
Try to learn more about them.
Support educational efforts.
Encourage neighbors, developers, and state and local governments to protect the function.
Select upland rather than wetlands sites for development projects.
Support wetlands and watershed protection initiatives by public agencies and private organizations.How can I make a Difference?
Should wetlands be preserved or conserved?
Our Solution: Preservation Reformation
pH – 4.53
Water Temp. – 21.98 c
DO (mg/l) - .95
Secchi Dish – 43.18cm
Soil – Peat
(Results may vary due to where you are.)
Salinity – .04
pH – 5.69
Water Temp. – 25.4 c
DO (mg/l) – .43
Secchi Dish – 53.34 cm
Soil - PeatDismal Swamp
of many men who sought fortune from the vast
land and natural supply of valuable lumber.
One of the first and most famous business
supporters of the Dismal Swamp was George
Washinton. He suggested and built a canal in 1793.
Besides this one, there are many others such as a
feeder ditch that leads to Lake Drummond and also
acts as passsage ways to other places. At one time
these passage ways and others, like railroads, helped
to transport lumber to different cities. Not only were
these canals used for transport but also provided a safe way for runaway
slaves seeking freedom. Because of this it is now recognized as part of
the National Underground Railroad.Dismal Swamps-History
Secchi Depth - 14 cm
Water Depth -16 cm
pH (surface) - 8.39 s.u.
DO (surface) -8.95 mg/l
Salinity (surface) - 2.95 ppt
Wind Speed - 3.9 knots
Wind Direction - SW
Beaufort Scale - Moderate Breeze
Bottom Substrate - Muddy Sand
Water Temp. (surface) - 31.61 c
Secchi Depth - 27 cm
Water Depth - 29 cm
pH (surface) -8.99 s.u.
DO (surface) - 10.66 mg/l
Salinity (surface) - 3.15 ppt
Wind Speed - 9.2 knots
Wind Direction - SE
Beaufort Scale - Strong Gale
Bottom Substrate - Muddy SandCurrituck Sound
Site # 3
Site # 4
Site # 5
Plants and Soils – Muddy Sand, Phragmites australus,
Wildlife – Fish, Crabs, Horses, Ducks
Habitat – Maritime Shrub Thickets, Mixed Forests, Estuary, Open Water, Shallow-water Impoundment
Water Quality – Brackish
Soil pH – Varies from slight acidity to strong acidity (6.0-4.5)
Wetland Type - Swamp
Plants and Soils – Peat, Red Maple, Pinus Strabus
Wildlife – Deer, Birds, Bears
Habitat -remnant marsh, a sphagnum bog, and an evergreen shrub
Water Quality – Tannic
Soil pH - Neutral 7Compare/Contrast