emso preparatory phase esonet emso all regions workshop 5 7 october 2009 n.
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SEA OF MARMARA NODE EMSO ACTIVITIES Namık Çağatay İ T Ü - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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EMSO-Preparatory Phase ESONET-EMSO All regions Workshop 5-7 October 2009. SEA OF MARMARA NODE EMSO ACTIVITIES Namık Çağatay İ T Ü. Morpho-tectonics: Geohazards. 1912 Ms=7.4. 1999 Mw=7.4. Fault lines modified after Armijo (2003) and Le Pichon (2001).

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Morpho-tectonics: Geohazards





Fault lines modified after Armijo (2003) and Le Pichon (2001)


Distribution of population and Industy in the

Marmara Region: Anthropogenic inputs

30 % of Turkey’s population

more than 50% Turkey’s

industry located in this region

Inputs from

Black Sea

Heavy maritime


Natural sediment inputs mainly

from the southern drainage basin

Mater and Gürpınar (1992)


Main features of Sea of Marmara as an EMSO node

  • Geotectonic setting on the North Anatolian Fault: Earthquake, submarine landslide and associated tsunami risk
  • Oceanographic setting between Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea
  • Environmental risks of pollution from industrial, municipal and maritime transportation

Observatory Locations

Three important observation site

a) Tekirdağ B.-W. High b) İstanbul c) east Çınarcık



Central High

Sesimic gap

Western High


Sea of Marmara

sea of marmara observatory design
Sea of Marmara Observatory Design
  • Multidisciplinary: geoscience and oceanography
  • Permanent, cabled to the shore (real-time transmission)
  • Clock synchronization

Flexible, open to future development

and connection of new sensors

Shore station

Copper + Optical cable

Gas bubble monitoring




Other instruments


Junction box






Stakeholders list in Turkey:Major governmental research and public organizations in the Sea of Marmara
  • ITU-EMCOL (Eastern Mediterranean Centre for Oceranography and Limnology (http://www.emcol.itu.edu.tr/).
  • General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration (MTA) (http://www.mta.gov.tr).
  • Petroleum Company (TPAO) (http://www.tpao.gov.tr)
  • Turkish Navy Office of Navigation, Hydrography and Oceanography (TN-ONHO) (http://www.shodb.gov.tr/english.html)
  • Turkish Coast Guard Command (http://www.sgk.tsk.tr/en_index.htm)
  • Turkish Coastal Safety and Rescue General Directorate
  • Kandilli Earth Obsevatory of the Bosphorus University (KOERI) (http://www.koeri.boun.edu.tr/)
  • Marine Sciences Institute of the Middle East Technical University (http://www.ims.metu.edu.tr/)
  • Institute Earth and Marine Sciences, TUBITAK-MRC (http://www.mam.gov.tr/YDBE/index.html)

Stakeholders list in Turkey (continued)

10) Union of municipalities in the Marmara region

11) Marine Sciences and Technology Institute of Dokuz Eylül University İzmir (http://www.deu.edu.tr/DEUWeb/Icerik/Icerik.php?KOD=74)

12) Marine Sciences and Management Institute of the Istanbul Univeristy (http://www.istanbul.edu.tr/enstituler/denizbilimleri/turkce/turkish.htm)

13) Turkish Marine Research Foundation (http://www.tudav.org/new/eng/)

14) İnönü Foundation Marine Research Centre (www.ismetinonu.org.tr/)

D2.4. Reaching an official agreement between key stakeholders for the work in the Sea of Marmara Node.

emso marmara node project meeting of turkish stakeholders on 29 may 2009
EMSO Marmara Node Project Meeting of Turkish stakeholders on 29 May 2009

Attended by the Vice-Rector of ITU for Research and

representatives of stakeholders (major research

institutes and government organizations)

The main points of consensus reached:

Considering EMSO project being important for the SoM,

the stakeholders will constitute a consortium, and apply to

Turkish Government with a project proposal for the

establishment of the EMSO Marmara node infrastructure

implementation plan for observatory infrastructure
Implementation Plan for Observatory Infrastructure

Project proposal to be submitted to Turkish Government by

May 2010 will cover Capex and Opex for three years.

The proposal need to justify:

  • Societal and scientific needs
  • Long-term sustainability of infrastructure (operation and maintenance)
  • ITU administration will consider the project as high priority one and provide office space, personnel and other support
  • 2) MTA will provide ship services for operational and
  • maintenance purposes
  • 3) Support letters from organizations that could contribute to Opex
meeting with the union of municipalities in the marmara region 1 october 2009
Meeting with the Union of Municipalities in the Marmara Region : 1 October 2009
  • a support letter for the project proposal, stating contribution towards operational expenses

Meeting with SMEs planned during November 2009

  • Important for showing the technological and economical aspect of the observatories.
other financial work
Other Financial Work

Industrial funding

  • Turkish Petroleum Company (TPAO) (http://www.tpao.gov.tr): A seminar about EMSO and ESONET projects and project activities in the Sea of Marmara node was presented to the technical and scientific staff of TPAO in Ankara on 19 February 2009.
  • Private petroleum companies with exploration concession in the Sea of Marmara were alsoinformed about the EMSO and ESONET in June 2009:

a) Merty Energy and Petroleum Exploration

b) Toreador Turkey Limited

c) Thrace Basin Natural Gas Türkiye Corporation

wp s 4 7 financial and strategic w ork continued
WPs 4&7 Financial and strategic work(continued)

To generate funding in Turkey, we need support throughworkshops demonstrating the use of seafloor observatories to funding organizations, related industries,scientific community and public at large

wp 3 legal work
WP.3. Legal Work

National Legislation (Task 3.2)

  • Worked with the Legal Department and EC Project Office of the ITU. The result is that there is no legislation in Turkeyspecifically related seafloor observatories.
  • Permission from Marine Affairs Department needed (KOERI’s experience).
  • According to the Turkey's environmental legislation there is no need for Environmental Impact Assessment (EPA) (http://www.cedgm.gov.tr/mevzuat/yonetmelik/cedyonetmeligi.htm for a typical deep seafloor observatory set up.
  • In case the observatory is a coastal one, the Ministry of Public Works and Settlement (http://www.bayindirlik.gov.tr/english/index.php

should be informed.

wp 3 legal work continued
WP.3. Legal Work(continued)

The deployment and security issues for seafloor

observatories concerns mainly twogovernmental

Departments in Turkey :

  • Department of Navigation, Hydrography and Oceanography (TN-ONHO) of Turkish Navy (http://www.shodb.gov.tr/english.html)
  • Turkish Coast Guard Command (http://www.sgk.tsk.tr/en_index.htm)

We had meetings with these organizations concerning

these issues.

Trawling and ship anchorage are important risks for

seafloor cables and observatory stations.


Special Thanks

  • Louis Geli (Ifremer), Pierre Henry (CNRS, College de France), Yves Aufrett (Ifremer)
  • Luca Gasperini (ISMAR- Bologna), Paolo Favali (INGV)