Chapter 4 Section 3 Page 91 Government and Economy
Do Now • What would a world with no rules be like?
Challenge Questions • How does the government provide aid to the people of the United States? • How is a monarchy different from a democracy? • How is a democracy different from a dictatorship? • Why does a dictator have to maintain power through force? • Look at the map on page 92. Which area of the world is free? What type of government does this represent? Which area of the world is not free? What type of government does this represent? • Summarize this section in one paragraph. (5-8 sentences)
Define • Democracy • Communism
1. Governments of the World • Governments make and enforce laws, regulate business and trade, and provide aid to people. Governments establish order and ensure justice.
2. Democratic Governments • The United States, Canada, and Mexico all have democratic governments.
3. Democratic Governments • A democracy is a form of government in which the people elect leaders and rule by majority.
4. Democratic Governments • In most democratic countries, citizens are free to choose representatives to make and enforce laws.
5. Other types of Governments • Monarchy is one of the oldest types of government in the world.
6. Other types of Government • A monarchy is ruled directly by a king or queen.
7. Other types of Government • Norway, Spain, and Saudi Arabia are monarchies.
8. Other types of Government • A dictatorship is a type of government in which a single ruler has total control. This ruler often rules by force.
9. Other types of Government • People who live under a dictator are not free. They have few rights and no say in their own government.
Do Now • What is a major difference between a monarchy and a democracy?
10. Other types of Government 1. KIM Jong Un, North KoreaRobert Mugabe, Zimbabwe ( in power since 2011) (in power since 1980)
11. Other types of Government • Communism is a political system in which the government owns all the property and dominates all aspects of life.
12. Other types of Government • Leaders of most Communist governments are not elected by citizens.
13. Other types of Government • Cuba and North Korea are both communist states.
14. Other types of Government • People in communist countries often have restricted rights and very little freedom.
Do Now • How much control do democratic countries have over people’s lives compared to communist countries?
United States: Democracy • 1. United States • 2. Democracy • 3. President Obama. The president is both the chief of state and head of government. • 4. The Executive, Judicial, and Legislative Branch. • 5. Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Religion.
Do Now • What is the difference between a dictatorship and a communist country?
Do Now • Which form of government do you think is best (monarchy, dictatorship, democracy, or communism)? Explain your answer.
India: Democracy • 1. India • 2. Democracy. It is a sovereign secular democratic republic with a parliamentary system of government. • 3. The chief of state is President Pratibha Patel and the head of government is Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. • 4. The president is the head of the executive union. The real executive power is with the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. The Council of Ministers is responsible to the House of the People. They promote international peace and protect the citizens. • 5. Freedom of conscience and freedom to profess, practice and propagate religion; the right to conserve their culture, language or script; and the right of minorities to establish educational institutions. Universal suffrage.
Japan: Constitutional Monarchy • 1. Japan • 2. Constitutional Monarchy with a parliamentary government. • 3. The Prime Minster of Japan is Yoshihiko Noda and the Chief of State is Emperor Akihito. • 4. The emperor has sovereign power, but has no political power. The Prime Minster is the head of the executive branch and is a member of the bicameral legislature. • 5. Religious freedom, free market economy, secure property rights, and protection by the Jiei-tai.
China: Communist • 1. China • 2. Communist • 3. The head of government is Premier Wen Jiabao and the chief of state is president Hu Jinato. The president represents the country to the outside world. • 4. All of the power belongs to the people and they exercise their power through the National People’s Congress. The National People’s Congress interprets the constitution and reviews local regulations. • 5. Religious freedom.