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Visual Arts

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  1. Visual Arts Painting Sculpture Print Making Photography Architecture Films Video Art Graphic Design Decorative Arts

  2. Painting • What is Painting? Painting is the practice of applying pigment suspended in a carrier (or medium) and a binding agent (a glue) to a surface (support) such as paper, canvas or a wall. • Humans started expressing in the form of painting much before writing was invented

  3. Egyptian Painting • Connection with afterlife • Connection with hieroglyphs • Main subjects gods of underworld and the journey towards underworld • Book of dead • Style: Body frontal, face in profile

  4. Egyptian Painting 1000BCE

  5. Roman Painting from Pompeii 3rd CE

  6. Roman Painting • Only wall paintings survive • Bend towards naturalism • Use of light and shade to create volume (later seen in Renaissance painting)

  7. Byzantine Art: 6th -7th CE

  8. Byzantine Painting • Middle Ages • Art more iconic • Hardly any change in style in 1000 years • Completely dictated to the Church • Considering the flatness it almost borders on Abstract painting • Highly stylized • Abundant use of gold • No one point perspective

  9. Illuminated Manuscripts • Book Art • Calligraphy • Designs • Sometimes portraits too

  10. Renaissance: Andrea del Sarto • 15th CE

  11. Renaissance Painting • Revival of Greek and Roman art • Emphasis on Naturalism • One point perspective • Foreshortening • For Churches as well as Private patrons • Human effort hardly visible • Good artist is someone who can create optical illusion of space and leave no visible brush strokes

  12. Baroque Painting 17th CE • Carravaggio

  13. Baroque Painting • Exaggeration • Unusual Angels • Focus on subjects like miracles and ecstasy • Dramatic use of color and space • Theatricality • Dramatic use of light and shade

  14. Ajanta Painting 5th CE

  15. Ajanta Painting • Buddhist themes • Jatakas and themes from life of Buddha • Focus on the expression of emotions • Bhava very important • Bold and lyrical lines • Empahasis on details like ornaments, decoration on crown etc.

  16. Chinese Landscape painting

  17. Chinese Landscape Painting 14th CE • Emphasis on the feel of the painting • Strong brushstrokes • Minimum use of lines to bring out the character • Detailed brushwork once the main form is established • Meditative aspect

  18. Japanese Landscape Painting 14th CE

  19. Japanese Painting • Wash technique used in broad sweeps • Japanese Art known for its wood cut printing technique • Water based techniques • Stylized subjects • Poetic • Importance of negative space

  20. Jain Painting

  21. Jain Painting • Beginning of Miniature tradition in India • Painting along with text • Calligraphy • Flat • Use of Primary colors esp red and blue • Extended eye • Stylized figures and patterns • Composition based entirely on narrative

  22. Moghul Painting • Painting from Akbarnama 16th CE

  23. Moghul Painting • Book Art and Folios for Albums • Illustrated books depicting the life and achievements of Mughal rulers e.g. Akbarnama, Baburnama etc. • Use of perspective • Connection with West • Influence of Persian and Chinese Painting

  24. Kangra Painting, 17th CE

  25. Pahari painting (Kangra Painting) • Landscape of feeling • Usually poetic themes • Symbolism • Use of tonal variations

  26. Folk Painting: Some Examples • Deeply engrained in the culture • Usually Ritualistic • All-over the world

  27. Pithora Painting

  28. Warli painting

  29. Madhubani Painting

  30. Australian aboriginal dot painting

  31. Modern Painting

  32. Impression Sunrise by Monet

  33. William De kooning

  34. Frank Stella