Hand washing. Abed el Fattah M. Yahia. Introduction . Asepsis means those practices that decrease or eliminate infectious agents Nurses must understand and practice methods to prevent nosocomial infections (infections acquired while a person is receiving care in a health care agency ).
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Hand washing Abed el Fattah M. Yahia
Introduction • Asepsis means those practices that decrease or eliminate infectious agents • Nurses must understand and practice methods to prevent nosocomial infections(infections acquired while a person is receiving care in a health care agency).
Medical Asepsis • Medical asepsis means those practices that confine or reduce the numbers of microorganisms. • Also called, clean technique
Principles of medical asepsis: • Microorganisms exist everywhere except on sterilized equipment. • Frequent hand washing and maintaining intact skin are the best methods for reducing the transmission of microorganisms.
3- Blood, body fluids, cells, and tissues are considered major reservoirs of microorganisms. 4- Personal protective equipment such as gloves, gowns, masks, goggles, and hair and shoe covers serves as a barrier to microbial transmission. 5- A clean environment reduces microorganisms. 6- Certain areas—the floor, toilets, and insides of sinks—are more contaminated than others. Cleaning should be done from cleaner to dirtier areas.
Examples of medical aseptic practices include : using antimicrobial agents, • performing hand hygiene, • wearing hospital garments, • confining and containing soiled materials appropriately, • and keeping the environment as clean as possible.
Hand washing • Hand washing is an aseptic practice that involves scrubbing the hands with soap, water, and friction. • Consideringhow often health care personnel use their hands with clients, it is no surprise that hand washing is the single most effective way to prevent infections.
Performing a Surgical Scrub • A surgical scrub, a type of skin and nail antisepsis, is performed before donning sterile gloves and garments when the nurse is actively involved in an operative or obstetric procedure. The purpose is to more extensively remove transient microorganisms from the nails, hands, and forearms.
When we perform Hand washing ? • Wash hands after touching blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, and contaminated items, whether or not gloves are worn. • Wash hands immediately after gloves are removed, between patient contacts, and when otherwise indicated; wash between tasks and procedures on the same patient to prevent cross-contamination of different body sites. • Use plain (non-antimicrobial) soap for routine hand washing.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qagmw3oGOVg • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rZ8tVgFyY84