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Chapter 8. Female Reproductive System. Organs of the System. Ovaries Fallopian Tubes-fimbriae, cilia Uterus- fundus top Vagina Bartholin Gland Clitoris Labia- Minora Majora Perineum. Female System. Ovaries. Developed before birth and contain all of the immature ova

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chapter 8

Chapter 8

Female Reproductive System

organs of the system
Organs of the System
  • Ovaries
  • Fallopian Tubes-fimbriae, cilia
  • Uterus- fundus top
  • Vagina
  • Bartholin Gland
  • Clitoris
  • Labia-
    • Minora
    • Majora
  • Perineum
ovaries
Ovaries
  • Developed before birth and contain all of the immature ova
    • Ova are contained in the graafin follicles and erupt at ovulation
    • The site of ovulation develops into the corpus luteum
    • Hormones estrogen and progresterone are produced by the ovaries
fallopian tubes
Fallopian Tubes
  • Transport the ova to the uterus
  • Fertilization takes place in the fallopian tubes
  • Cilia within the structure transport the ova toward the uterus
    • The journey takes about 5 to 7 days
    • If cilia are damaged a person may experience fertility problems or ectopic pregnancy
uterus
Uterus
  • Fundus- upper round end
  • Corpus- larger central portion (largest part)
  • Cervix- mouth of the uterus
  • Layers of the organ
    • Endometrium- Epithelial Mucosa- develops vacular tissue for fetal attachment and nurishment
    • Myometrium-muscular middle layer
    • Uterine serosa- outer layer of the organ
vagina
Vagina
  • Muscluar tube that leads out of the body
  • Birth Canal
  • Lined with mucosa cells
  • Most common site where sexually transmitted infections enter
glands
Glands
  • Bartholins- produce mucous to lubricate the vagina
  • Clitoris- sensitive erectile tissue responsible for sexual response
labia
Labia
  • Protective folds of tissue located on the exterior of the body
hymen
hymen
  • Thin tissue that partially covers the opening of the vagina
  • No know function
  • Not necessarily present at birth
breast tissue
Breast Tissue
  • Mammary Glands-glandular tissue that produce milk when stimulated by hormones
  • Fatty tissue
  • Fibrous tissue
  • Mammary papilla- nipple area
  • Areola- darker area around the nipple
menstrual cycle
Menstrual Cycle
  • Controlled by hormones produced by the pituitary gland and ovaries
  • Menarche- first menstruation
  • Menopause- cessation of fertility and diminished hormone production
  • Ovulation takes place in the middle of the cycle and the cycle starts with menstruation
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