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The Ottoman Empire & Egypt: 1750-1900. Ottoman Reforms and the European Model. End of 18 th c. Sultan Selim III Reforms : military, government, taxes, land Not popular with certain groups Janissary revolt in Serbia (1805) (1806) Selim suspends reform program

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ottoman reforms and the european model
Ottoman Reforms and the European Model
  • End of 18th c. Sultan SelimIII
    • Reforms : military, government, taxes, land
    • Not popular with certain groups
  • Janissary revolt in Serbia (1805)
  • (1806) Selim suspends reform program
    • Too late -> massive uprising -> Selim executed
  • Greek independence (1829)
    • Serbian independence (1867)
ottoman reforms and the european model1
Ottoman Reforms and the European Model
  • Sultan Mahumud II – further reforms
  • Abdul Mejid introduces Tanzimat (restructuring) reforms in 1839
    • Military
    • Education
    • Language
    • Clothing
    • Public rights (men vs. women)
crimean war
Crimean War
  • Russia expands southward
  • Alliance between GB, Fr, Ottoman Empire defeat Russia
  • C. War leads to military reform for all combatants – traditional to modern warfare
ottoman empire compromised
Ottoman Empire Compromised
  • Ottoman continue to follow European model
  • Ottoman face economic problems
  • Concerns that Ottoman is no longer Islamic
  • Young Ottoman/Young Turks take power
    • Work to make Turkish national state in place to Ottoman empire
    • 1876 Constitution adopted
    • 1908 coup
    • Ottoman continues its slow decline until 1922 (after WWI)
egypt
Egypt
  • Egypt
    • Napoleon's Withdraws (1789)
    • Muhammad Ali comes to power
      • Modernizes Egypt
    • Khedives
    • Responses to the West
slide8

Egypt

The Suez Canal in 1875, six years after it opened

  • The Suez Canal
  • Shares in the canal held by France, Egypt
  • Britain buys out Egypt’s interest
  • Egyptian financial crisis
  • 1882 uprisings
  • British invade and occupy Egypt
european control of africa
European Control of Africa

By 1914, only two African nations remained independent