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The New Mexico Chile Pepper Industry: Description, Labor Issues, and Economic Impact. Presented By: Teri Hall. Objectives:. Describe the New Mexico Chile Pepper Industry Describe the current labor situation and labor issues relevant to the New Mexico chile pepper industry;

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the new mexico chile pepper industry description labor issues and economic impact

The New Mexico Chile Pepper Industry: Description, Labor Issues, and Economic Impact

Presented By: Teri Hall

objectives
Objectives:
  • Describe the New Mexico Chile Pepper Industry
  • Describe the current labor situation and labor issues relevant to the New Mexico chile pepper industry;
  • Provide estimates of the industry’s employment and economic impacts on Doña Ana County;
  • Evaluate the economic effects of industry changes.
demographics characteristics of hired farm workers in do a ana county
Demographics characteristics of hired farm workers in Doña Ana County
  • 10,000 farm laborers
  • 3rd grade education
  • 100% Hispanic descent
  • 40% U.S. citizens
  • 20-40% illegal immigrants working
  • Average family is 4.2 people
  • Average household income is $7,000/year

Source: Local interviews and previously published material

slide9

Hand

Mechanical

1995

1997

1995

1997

Red Chile

41.22%

49.07%

9.71%

11.56%

Jalapeños

42.57%

47.16%

6.54%

7.79%

Labor as a percentage of production cost for hand and mechanical chile harvest in Doña Ana and Sierra Counties, 1995, 1997, and 2000.

*Labor cost divided by total production costs.

Source: Eastman, 1997

total estimated industry workforce needed by month
Total estimated industry workforce needed by month

Source: Eastman, 1996, Processor interviews conducted 5/2001-9/2001

impact analysis for planning implan
IMpact Analysis for PLANning (IMPLAN)
  • Direct effects
  • Indirect effects
  • Induced Effects
  • Backward linkages
  • Full-time equivalents
slide12
Green Chile Pepper, Jalapeño, and Red Chile Industry Input-Output Modeling-Doña Ana and Luna Counties Combined

Source: IMPLAN 2001, Model Output

summary
Summary
  • Thesis objectives
    • Chile pepper processor interviews
    • Description of the chile pepper industry
    • Review existing information
    • Application of IMPLAN
implications
Implications
  • Inaccurate and limited industry data
  • Significant “employment” economic impacts on the local economy
shortcomings
Shortcomings
  • Exercise caution when looking at results
  • Backward linkages
  • Accurate representation of the local economy
  • Agriculture employment data
recommendations
Recommendations
  • Unanswered questions
  • Create new sector within IMPLAN