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Term Paper. Subject Name - Elements of IT Subject Code- INT 102 Submitted To- Prof. Mohantesh Submitted By: Surendra Singh . Acknowledgement

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term paper
Term Paper

Subject Name -Elements of IT

Subject Code-INT 102

Submitted To-Prof. Mohantesh

Submitted By:

Surendra Singh



This is to certify that I SURENDRA SINGH student of M.C.A. section 277 Roll No. R277B52 has made this term paper. Under this term paper we are given different topics. This term paper could not have been written better without Prof. Dinesh who not only served as my supervisor but also encouraged and challenged me throughout my academic program and patiently guide me through the process, never accepting less than my best efforts. I also want to thank to my classmates for encouraging and supporting my academic efforts.


Tata is a rapidly growing business group based in India with significant international operations. Revenues in 2007-08 are estimated at $62.5 billion (around Rs251,543 crore), of which 61 per cent is from business outside India. The group employs around 350,000 people worldwide. The Tata name has been respected in India for 140 years for its adherence to strong values and business ethics.

  • The business operations of the Tata group currently encompass seven business sectors:
    • 1. Communications and information technology,
    • 2. Engineering,
    • 3. Materials,
    • 4. Services,
    • 5. Energy,
    • 6. Consumer products and
    • 7. Chemicals.
  • The group's 27 publicly listed enterprises have a combined market capitalisation of some $60 billion, among the highest among Indian business houses, and a shareholder base of 3.2 million. The major companies in the group include Tata Steel, Tata Motors, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Tata Power, Tata Chemicals, Tata Tea, Indian Hotels and Tata Communications.

The Late Dhirubhai Ambani dreamt of a digital India — an India where the common man would have access to affordable means of information and communication. Dhirubhai, who single-handedly built India’s largest private sector company virtually from scratch, had stated as early as 1999: “Make the tools of information and communication available to people at an affordable cost. They will overcome the handicaps of illiteracy and lack of mobility.”

It was with this belief in mind that Reliance Communications (formerly Reliance Infocomm) started laying 60,000 route kilometres of a pan-India fibre optic backbone. This backbone was commissioned on 28 December 2002, the auspicious occasion of Dhirubhai’s 70th birthday, though sadly after his unexpected demise on 6 July 2002.

Reliance Communications has a reliable, high-capacity, integrated (both wireless and wireline) and convergent (voice, data and video) digital network. It is capable of delivering a range of services spanning the entire infocomm (information and communication) value chain, including infrastructure and services — for enterprises as well as individuals, applications, and consulting.


Bharti Airtel is India's leading provider of telecommunications services. The company has 27 million customers across India. It is a part of Bharti Enterprises, which manufactures and exports telecom equipment, provides telecom services in Seychelles, delivers products and services to telecom carriers, offers a range of Customer Management Services (CMS) and exports fresh agricultural products exclusively to markets in Europe and the USA.

  • The business has been structured into three individual strategic business units (SBUs) —
    • 1. Mobile services, broadband and telephone services (B&T) 2. Enterprise services. 3. The last group has two sub-units — carriers (long distance services) and services to corporates.
  • The company is headquartered in New Delhi. The mobile services group provides GSM mobile services across India in 23 telecom circles, while the B&T business group provides broadband & telephone services in 90 cities.

India's foremost truly integrated telecommunications service provider. The company with a customer base of over 28 million including one million individual overseas retail customers ranks among the top ten Asian Telecom companies. Reliance Communications' corporate clientele includes 600 Indian and 250 multinational corporations, and over 200 global carriers.

  • India network and town coverage.
    • 1. 80,000 kms of optic fibre backbone.
    • 2. Wireless network covering over 20,000 towns and 4.5 lakh villages and
    • counting.
    • 3. 15, 000 Base Transceiver Stations (BTSs) across the country.
    • Network with superior reliability.
    • 5. All this managed from our state-of-the-art national network operations centre in Mumbai.

Tata Indicom mobile services now offer you both Pre-Paid as well as postpaid mobile phone connections.

  • Tata Indicom postpaid mobile phone STD call charges are amongst the lowest in India for distances over 500 km with absolutely no additional-airtime charges!
  • Most importantly, Tata Indicom Tata Indicom postpaid mobile phone offers superior voice clarity, congestion-free networks, high speed data access, and coverage in over 1000 cities.
  • Tata Indicom is the first telecommunication service provider in the country to introduce the unique experience of international roaming with a Tata Indicom One World One Number (OWON) T-SIM card; a single T-SIM card that empowers you to switch between CDMA & GSM networks without having to use different SIM cards. Receive a single consolidated bill for international and domestic usage in Indian Rupees.
  • If you have any questions about Tata Indicom postpaid mobile phones, our representatives are here for you 24x7. Just contact our nearest customer care centre or send us an online query now and we'll take it from there.

Enjoy complete clarity when calling with Airtel’s world-class technology and unbreakable network coverage that spans over 23 circles across the country.

Airtel Prepaid comes preactivated with 'National Roaming', so you stay connected no matter wherever you are. You can also send or receive MMS, check your email and access other GPRS services while roaming in India as you would in your own city. While traveling abroad you can receive calls & send or receive SMS.

Send messages quickly and easily using text, if it's too noisy to talk or you don't have much time. It's the way to share those interesting one-liners, important reminders and rib-tickling jokes, with anyone, anytime, anywhere in the world.

Make your mobile the most happening entertainment destination with Airtel Live Airtel brings you the latest in entertainment and information services, right on your phone!

you can make them groove to the hottest new tracks burning up the music charts with Hello Tunes from Airtel! You get a wide choice of songs in the Popular & New Arrivals categories that are updated regularly.


A complimentary bouquet of features:

Next-Gen caller ID: Reliance Landline displays the name and/or number of a waiting caller while you are in the middle of a conversation. It allows you the flexibility to choose between two calls or switch from one caller to another.

Mobile phone features: Now enjoy all the interactive benefits of a mobile phone. Store and recall numbers from the phone book, check the history of missed/dialed / received calls.

Delayed hotline: You can program your Reliance Landline to automatically call a predefined number by lifting the receiver and holding it for seven seconds.

Navigation keys: Using the navigation keys on Reliance Landline you can activate phone features like delayed hotline, line locking, etc — now you need not remember complicated feature codes and cumbersome procedures. You can also set your preferred ring tone, ringer volume and LCD contrast.

Remote phone management: You can lock or unlock the STD/ ISD facility or hotline settings on your Reliance Landline.


Tata Indicom offers you almost instant phone connections. Get Tata Indicom Landline Phone services based on the state of the art Optical Fibre Cable-based backbone. Enjoy greater voice clarity and say goodbye to excessive billing.

    • Tata Indicom Phone Connections Advantage
    • Superior voice clarity
    • Instant and hassle - free connections
    • Accurate billing
    • Secure and tamper - proof lines
    • Responsive and friendly service
    • 24 x 7 friendly customer service
    • See who's calling with CLI (Caller Line Identification)
    • Get Missed Call details
    • Store family and friends numbers in the in-built phone book
    • Dial frequently called numbers from memory and save time
    • Speaker Phone

Airtel Landline presents an array of services like Innovative Handsets, Call Conferencing, Call forwarding, Easy Hotline, Additional number line, Short dialing, Caller Line Identification, Time Alarm, Voice Mail, Parallel Ringing and many such services. Its use, in fact, is limited only by your imagination. The best part is that many of these services are free along with your telephone connection.

Now enjoy the freedom to choose the way you talk. Airtel presents an array of stylish phone instruments packed with the most advanced features to meet your telephony needs. So get an Airtel phone instrument and get talking...

Airtel Landline offers an range of tariff plans for your needs. Most of the Plans come with effective Zero monthly rentals and you pay only for the actual duration of the call measured in pulses beginning from the time the call matures. The innovative combo plans offers you both broadband and voice in a single package. We also offer number of super savers Top Up plans which help you save on your communication and entertainment costs.


No wires attachedGet on the wireless connectivity bandwagon. And straight away become immune to cuts in the cable, rains etc. Carry the set along with you when you move from one room to another or when you shift your home/office.

Wireless Internet (Reliance Netconnect)The Wireless Phone has an in-built modem for high speed internet connectivity. Surfat speeds up to 115 kbps. What’s more, you do not need a separate ISP connection for operating the set.

Mobile Phone's FeaturesEnjoy all the features of a mobile phone: SMS, In-built caller line identification, voice mail, 99-number phone book, speaker phone, a choice of many ringtones, etc.

City MobilityYou can use your Wireless Phone anywhere within your city and still receive and make calls, at no extra cost.


Presenting the TATA Indicom Walky with features like Caller Line Identification, SMS, Missed Call details, Internet, Phone book and Speaker phone, with extremely low tariffs. Now, with a choice between a Postpaid connection and a Prepaid connection, you can regulate your usage the way you want to.


1. Internet access anywhere you want – no need to be restricted by wires and slow Internet speeds

2. A ‘no-problem’ phone – be freed from the repeated complaints in a Wireline phone due to faulty cables, rains or any other problems

3. Feature rich and hi-tech phone – Internet, SMS, Speakerphone, Caller ID, Phone book, ring tones and sleek & trendy looks. A backlit instrument will enable easy visibility through out the day and night.

4. An effective rental of just Rs. 150 per month i.e. Rs. 350 rental with Rs. 200 of Free usage value.

5. A wide variety of super saver Add-on packs that will help you save on your phone bill.


Avail the convenience of a mobile phone on a fixed line without any cable disturbing the ambience of your living room. Presenting Airtel Mega, a feature rich Wireless Fixed Line that remains unaffected by rain or similar other problems and gives you a complete peace of mind!Great advantages at your fingertips:

Airtel Mega is extremely convenient and easy to install and does not require any wiring or change in the aesthetics of your home or office. You can use your set anywhere within your city, at no extra cost.

It ensures that your immediate accessibility needs are met, with an instant connection. What's more you can carry the set along with you when you move from one room to another or when you shift your home/office.

Great Add-on Services with features of a mobile phoneAirtel Mega offers a host of value added services like Hello Tunes, GPRS, Voice Mail, CLI, call conference, call wait, call divert, SMS and more!


Reliance Netconnect offers you hi-speed mobile Internet access across India in over 20000 towns & 4.5 lakh villages and counting as well as along major highways , railway routes, airport lounges and remote locations in India. Reliance's cutting edge CDMA 1 x network can give you high-speed Internet access, at speeds up to 144kbps  with high download speeds even for heavy email attachments

  • A suite of Reliance Net connect products like include PCMCIA and USB Modem data cards as well as data cables for mobile phones, fixed wireless phones These can be used to connect to the Internet from your laptops as well as Desk top PCs.
  • Features
  • Uninterrupted high-speed wireless Internet connectivity, across 20000 towns, 4.5 lakh villages and counting
  • Better surfing speeds, with download speeds up to 144 kbps
  • High download speed of heavy email attachments
  • One-time installation of the dial-up software without the need to change the dial-up configuration

Now, stay connected to the internet from the comfort of your homes, offices, or wherever you are with Tata Indicom. Presenting Vdata Card & Plug 2 Surf (USB Modem), 2 innovative solutions that function as a wireless network connection, a mobile phone and a modem. All in one and that too, with attractive tariff plans.


1.Easy Installation & maintenance.

2.Now Surf the internet, intranet or the extranet with consistent & high speeds.

3.Send/Recieve SMS or use voice capabilities.

4.Stay connected across the Tata indicom network 20 circles & 3500 cities

5.Actual internet speed will be dependent on multiple factors like time of the day, number of simultaneous users, web page accessed etc.


With Airtel’s Wireless Internet, you have the freedom to access the Internet anytime, anywhere across India. It enables Internet, Email, and Office applications with real-time secure VPN access to corporate applications whilst on the move.Wireless Internet include:

Data Card:- With the Airtel Data Card, you have the freedom to access the Internet anytime, anywhere across India, on Airtel network. You can also use this service, as you roam internationally in an increasing number of destinations. With EDGE and GPRS enabled Airtel Data Card you can send and receive SMS and what's more, it is compatible with Windows 2000/XP/XP Tablet/XP Pro and Mac operating systems. All you need to have is a standard laptop PCMCIA slot and voila! Enjoy high speed internet access with Airtel Data Card!

USB Modem:- Now get an instant access to internet and your corporate applications with our USB Modem. Become truly mobile with this efficient cost saving device.


Imagine a satellite TV service that suits you and your family’s interests, passions and busy schedules. Picture all of your favourite channels, shows, and movies at your fingertips —it’s time to step into the BIG world of entertainment.

Reliance is excited to present the next landmark of TV entertainment in India. With Big TV Digital Service, you can experience spectacular entertainment, blockbuster movies, up-to-the-minute news, and your favourite programs at the click of a button.

Transform your home with Big TV Digital Service, powered by MPEG – 4 technology for the first time in India. Big TV has fantastic features like pure digital viewing experience, more channel choice, many exclusive movie channels, easy programming guide, interactive services, parental control, 24x7 Customer Service and lots more — Ensure a never before viewing experience with unlimited hours of fun and entertainment for your entire family.

Know what’s on TV and plan your viewing. Use the easy- to- follow Electronic Program Guide(EPG) that lists all the channels available on TV, Radio and BIG Cinema. You will also have an up-to-date program schedule for 7 days. Browse and sort through hundreds of channels, set reminders, and create your own personal favourites list — all this and more at the click of a button on your BIG remote.    


Incorporated in 2004, Tata Sky is a JV between the TATA Group and STAR. Tata Sky endeavours to offer Indian viewers a world-class television viewing experience through its satellite television service.

Enjoy over 160 TV channels and services in DVD quality picture and CD quality sound.

Choose from a variety of channel packages and pay only for what you want to watch. Keeping in mind our diverse audience, we also offer a range of regional content.

Pick any of the recharge options available to recharge your account. You can pay using the recharge vouchers available in a few denominations, via SMS or by simply paying online using your credit card/net banking account.

Tata Sky digicomp is priced at just Rs 1499*. If you purchase this by calling the helpline, apart from the free home delivery you can avail of a special offer. Standard installation is charged at Rs 1000* and to offer you maximum choice, we have monthly subscription starting at Rs 175*.


Welcome to digital TV, the DTH service from Airtel. Direct to Home (DTH) enables viewers to receive broadcast signals into their home via a satellite dish. With DVD quality picture and sound, your TV viewing experience will change forever with Airtel digital TV. Now witness the magic of television with best and widest variety of channels and programmes ranging from Sports, Music and General entertainment to best on-demand content on Airtel Live. What's more, you can choose from the best movies of Bollywood and the world, listen to radio, play games, along with a host of other interactive features and change the way you watch television.

Direct to Home (DTH) service comes to you from Bharti Telemedia Limited, a subsidiary of Bharti Airtel Limited. Bharti Airtel Limited is the flagship company of Bharti Enterprises and is India’s largest integrated and the first private telecom services provider with a footprint in all the 23 telecom circles.


Reliance PCO offers to you a perfect opportunity to earn the highest returns on your investments without any hassles. Come join us as partners in this exciting journey by simply utilizing...

Reliance PCO has an unparalleled coverage providing seamless connectivity in more than 20,000 cities & towns and more than 4.5 lakh villages across the nation.

Probitable Business

1.Low Investment high returns   

2.Hassle free operation  

3.Profit paid in advance   

4.Competitive tariffs   

5.Pan-India network coverage



  • http://www.rcom.co.in/webapp/Communications/rcom/index.jsp
  • http://www.tatacommunications.com/providers/
  • http://www.airtel.in/wps/wcm/connect/airtel.in/airtel.in/Home