Kyoto Protocol and Beyond. Timeline 1992, Rio de Janeiro: UN Framework Convention on Climate Change 160 countries signed Applied in 1994 Developed countries should take the lead to return GHG emissions to 1990 levels by 2000
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called on the conference to agree on a road-map, timetable and 'concrete steps for the negotiations' with a view to reaching an agreement by 2009. It has been debated whether this global meeting on climate change has achieved anything significant at all.
Bali Road Map and Action Plan
A shared vision for long-term cooperative action, including a long-term global goal for emission reductions.
Enhanced national/international action on mitigation of climate change.
Enhanced action on adaptation.
Enhanced action on technology development and transfer to support action on mitigation and adaptation.
Enhanced action on the provision of financial resources and investment to support action on mitigation and adaptation and technology cooperation
2008 Conference on Climate Change, Poznan, Poland
A clear commitment was made to shift into full negotiating mode next year in order to shape an ambitious and effective international response to climate change, to be agreed in Copenhagen at the end of 2009. Parties agreed that the first draft of a concrete negotiating text would be available at a UNFCCC gathering in Bonn in June of 2009.
Finishing touches were put to the Kyoto Protocol’s Adaptation Fund, with Parties agreeing that the Adaptation Fund Board should have legal capacity to grant direct access to developing countries. Progress was also made on a number of important ongoing issues that are particularly important for developing countries, including: adaptation; finance; technology; reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD); and disaster management.
2009 Conference on Climate Change, Copenhagen, Denmark
Attendance by 120 Heads of State and Government, raising climate discussions to a new level.
Record numbers of participants including 10,500 delegates, 13,500 observers, and coverage by more than 3,000 media representatives
Intensive negotiations characterized by over 1,000 official, informal and group meetings among Parties. Observers discussed climate change in more than 400 meetings and media attended over 300 press conferences.
A vibrant program of over 200 side events.
Over 220 exhibits from Parties, UN, IGOs and civil society
A total of 23 decisions adopted by the COP and the CMP
Governments engaged at the highest political level, and the outcome of that engagement was reflected in the Copenhagen Accord. While much attention has focused on the Accord, the Conference in Copenhagen also made good progress in a number of areas including improvements to the clean development mechanism, amending Annex I to the Convention to add Malta, guidance on REDD+, and draft decisions on adaptation, technology, and capacity-building.
However, the Bali Roadmap negotiations could not be concluded and negotiations will continue in 2010.