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TAV Chapter 20 . Benito Mussolini. School teacher Fascist Party 1919 Empire building and national pride Promised full employment and social security Black shirts Militia threatened to march on Rome in 1922

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benito mussolini
Benito Mussolini
  • School teacher
  • Fascist Party 1919
    • Empire building and national pride
    • Promised full employment and social security
  • Black shirts
    • Militia threatened to march on Rome in 1922
    • King Victor Emanuel was convinced to make Mussolini the premier – Took over the country.
  • Anti-communist
joseph stalin
Joseph Stalin
  • Following Lenin’s death Stalin took over the USSR in 1926
  • High output –Low wages (43%)
  • Collectives
  • Opposition
  • Communist
adolf hitler
Adolf Hitler
  • Born in Braunau am Inn, Austria on April 20, 1889
  • WW I
    • Wounded twice
    • Twice awarded the Iron Cross

for bravery

  • Military spy after WW I
  • German Worker’s Party
  • Hitler changed the name to The National Socialist German Worker’s Party (NAZI)
  • Nov. 1923 the Nazis tried to take power in Munich (Beer Hall Putsch)
  • Mein Kampf
  • 1932 Nazis grew within the Reichstag
  • 1933 Hitler is appointed chancellor by Paul von Hindenburg
August 1934 Hindenburg

died and Hitler became

Der Fuhrer.

economic circle
Economic Circle

United States


Great Britain & France

war debt
War Debt
  • Economic circle
  • Germany’s plight
  • Nye Committee-suggested that arms manufactures pushed the US into WW I.
  • Led to the Neutrality Act of 1935-No selling of arms to nations at war
  • Roosevelt warned that neutrality may eventually drag the US into war.
attack on manchuria
Attack on Manchuria
  • July 1937 Japan attacked China in order to take advantage of their natural resources.
  • Neutrality Act of 1937 did not apply so we sent arms to help out China
  • Tattoos
time line
Time Line
  • 1935, Hitler begins building up the military
  • March 1936, Rhineland
  • Feb. 1938, Hitler threatens to invade Austria unless Austrian Nazis were given important Govt positions.
  • The Austrian chancellor gave into demands and wanted a vote on unification.
  • Hitler sent troops into Austria in March 1938 declaring the Anschluss of Germany and Austria
munich conference
Munich Conference
  • Hitler staked a claim on the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia b/c of the German speaking people there.
  • Sept. 29, 1938, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Germany met to decide about the Sudetenland
  • GB and France agreed to give the Sudetenland to Germany or Czech. would have to fight Germany alone.
  • GB’s Neville Chamberlain returned home touting, “ a peace with honor … peace in our time.”
  • March 1939, Germany sent troops into Czech
    • Divided into 2 (Slovakia) -Protectorate
non aggression pact
Non-Aggression Pact
  • August 23, 1939, Germany and the USSR signed an agreement not to attack each other
  • Sept. 1, 1939, German troops rolled into Poland.
  • Blitzkrieg
  • GB and France declare war on Germany
  • Sept. 27th Warsaw fell to Germany
  • By October 5th Poland had fallen
fall of france
Fall of France
  • Defensive bunkers – the Maginot Line
  • May 10, 1940 German troops attack France by going around the Maginot Line.
    • Through Belgium and Luxembourg and the Ardennes Forest
  • French and English troops were trapped at Dunkirk
    • 3 day delay made it possible for 338,000 troops to be rescued
  • Vichy France puppet govt.
nuremberg laws
Nuremberg Laws
  • Targeted Jews mainly as well as others the Nazis saw as inferior
  • Sept. 1935 - Removed citizenship for German-Jews
  • Marriage
  • Public office
  • Nov. 7, 1938, a German diplomat was killed by a Jew
  • Nov. 9th Jews were targets in retaliation
  • Staged by Joseph Goebbels, the minister of propaganda
  • The following day the Gestapo arrested 30,000 Jews
the final solution
The Final Solution
  • Wannsee Conference- Determine the Jewish question
  • Concentration Camps
  • Extermination Camps
  • 1937, Buchenwald was the first and largest concentration camp
destroyers for bases
Destroyers for Bases
  • 50 old destroyers
america first
America First
  • Isolationists
  • 1940 Fight for Freedom Committee pushes for a stronger stand against Germany
lend lease act
Lend Lease Act
  • Lend or lease arms to any country vital to the defense of the US.
  • 40 billion in supplies to the Allies
hemispheric defense zone
Hemispheric Defense Zone
  • Western Atlantic was neutral
  • US ships would radio the location of German Submarines to the British
atlantic charter
Atlantic Charter
  • Aug. 1941, FDR and Churchill met near Newfoundland
    • Post war world of democracy and free trade
    • Force an incident
  • German Sub. sank US destroyer Oct. 31, 1941
    • Reuben James
    • Shoot on sight order
embargo against japan
Embargo Against Japan
  • July 1940, Congress gave FDR the power to restrict the sale of strategic materials
  • FDR blocked the sale of Airplane fuel and scrap iron to Japan
    • Japan responded by joining the Axis of Germany and Italy
  • Japan sent troops into Indochina so we set up an oil embargo until they pull out.
pearl harbor
Pearl Harbor
  • December 7, 1941, the Japanese launch a surprise attack on the US Naval Base
    • 2,403 killed
    • 1,178 injured
surprise attack against the united states by the empire of japan

HARRIS, George Ellsworth MM1c USN Illinois

japanese attack on pearl harbor
  • Dec. 7, 1941, Japan conducted a surprise attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
    • 2,403 people died in the Sunday morning attack
    • Killed soldiers, sailors, & civilians
    • Destroyed 200 planes, 5 battleships, & 3 cruisers
  • Aircraft carriers were out to sea when the attack happened
december 7 1941
December 7, 1941
  • “a date that will live in infamy”
  • The U.S. declares war against Japan
  • Dec. 11th Germany & Italy declare war on the U.S.