Shaik Saadi. (The legendary mystic and poet of lslam ) Khisht awwal chun nahad maimar kaj Taa suraiya mee rawad minar kaj If the mason puts the foundation crookedly Then even if the superstructure reaches the sky, It will remain crooked. HOW CHILDREN LEARN LANGUAGES.
(The legendary mystic and poet of lslam )
Khisht awwal chun nahad maimar kaj
Taa suraiya mee rawad minar kaj
If the mason puts the foundation crookedly
Then even if the superstructure reaches the sky,
It will remain crooked.
1.Mother tongue L1
The mother tongue is caught and not taught .No conscious effort is necessary.
L 2 has to be learnt .Conscious efforts are to be made to learn L 2.
LEARNING BY HEART
ACQUIRING RULES SUBCONSCIOUSLY
Merits :1.Most useful in learning things which are fixed and limited .
2.Mastering fixed items in a language
Demerits:1.Language is not something which is limited and finite.
2.Language-not a body of knowledge but a set of skills-lstg,spkg,rdg,wrtg.
Merits :1.Language learning is seen as developing a set of habits .A mechanical activity .Imitation/drills/practice .Good for learning grammar/reinforcement
Demerits:1. Creative nature of language.
2.Children use language independently, acquire the rules of language and apply it .
Merits:1.acquiring rules subconsciously through lstg, spkg,rdg,wrtg.
2.L2 is learnt through interaction, exposure, involvement,
3.Acquiring rules effortlessly and using language in the same way as the mother tongue.
1.A system of sounds.
2.A system of structures.
3.A system of meanings.
In the case L1 all the three systems are acquired.
In learning L2 the best way is to acquire rules subconsciously by reading and listening to language rather than learning solely from text books and grammar books.
Language is learnt through exposure, interaction, involvement and sustained practice.
Curriculum to be supplemented with rich audio and print environment.
LEARNING A---Z FULFILS THIS REQUIREMENT.