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Quinsigamond Community College. On Line Education 2005. First Responder – On Line. Linda J. Gosselin M.S., REMT IC, Ed. Chapter 2. The Well-Being of the First Responder. Emotional Aspects of Emergency Care.

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quinsigamond community college

Quinsigamond Community College

On Line Education

2005

first responder on line

First Responder – On Line

Linda J. Gosselin M.S., REMT IC, Ed.

chapter 2
Chapter 2

The Well-Being of the First Responder

emotional aspects of emergency care
Emotional Aspects of Emergency Care
  • You may have to deal with situations that produce a high level of stress:
    • Injury or illness to infants and children
    • Elderly patients
    • Death and violence
    • Mass casualty incidents
five stages of dealing with death and dying
Five Stages of Dealing with Death and Dying
  • Denial: Refusing to believe that situation is happening.
  • Anger: Becoming upset at grief-causing event.
  • Bargaining: Trying to make a deal to postpone death and dying.
  • Depression: Expressing despair.
  • Acceptance: Recognizing that death and dying cannot be changed.
stress management
Stress Management
  • Includes:
    • Recognition of stress
    • Prevention of stress
    • Reduction of stress
recognition of stress
Irritability

Inability to focus

Abnormal disposition

Difficulty sleeping

Anxiety

Indecisiveness

Guilt

Loss of appetite

Loss of sex drive

Loss of interest in work

Isolation

Recognition of Stress
prevention of stress
Prevention of Stress
  • Eat a healthy well-balanced diet.
  • Drink adequate amounts of liquids.
  • Be merry.
reducing stress
Reducing Stress
  • Pre-incident stress education
  • On-scene peer support
  • Critical incident stress debriefing (CISD)
scene safety
Scene Safety
  • Infectious diseases
  • Body substance isolation (BSI)
  • Universal precautions
  • Immunizations
  • Hazards of the scene
key terms
Key Terms
  • Pathogen: Disease-causing microorganism.
  • Body Substance Isolation (BSI):Concept that treats all bodily fluids as potentially infectious.
  • Universal precautions:Procedures for infection control that assume blood is potentially infectious.
common infectious diseases
Common Infectious Diseases
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Hepatitis B
  • Tuberculosis
universal precautions
Universal Precautions
  • Always wear gloves.
  • Always wear protective eye wear.
  • Wash your hands.
  • Do not recap, cut, or bend used needles.
  • Dispose of sharps in a sharps container.
  • Use a face shield, pocket mask, or other airway adjunct for resuscitation.
removal of gloves
Removal of Gloves
  • Proper removal of gloves is important to minimize the spread of pathogens.
immunizations
Immunizations
  • Tetanus prophylaxis
  • Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Tuberculin testing
responding to the scene
Responding to the Scene
  • Dispatch: Use dispatch information to anticipate hazards.
  • Response: Remember safety when responding.
  • Parking your vehicle: Park the vehicle so that it protects scene from traffic hazards.
assessing the scene
Traffic

Crime or violence

Crowds

Electrical hazards

Fire

Hazardous materials

Unstable objects

Sharp objects

Animals

Environmental conditions

Special rescues

Airborne and bloodborne pathogens

Assessing the Scene
hazardous materials placards
Hazardous Materials Placards
  • Federal regulations require vehicles carrying hazardous materials (HazMats) to be marked with specific placards.
  • If you see a HazMat placard at an emergency scene, call for assistance.