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Global Implications of the Bologna Accord. Dr. Marina Stock McIsaac President, ICEM Eger, Hungary, November 6, 2006. Introduction. ICEM UNESCO Affiliate Agriamedia Eszterházy Károly College. Educational Challenges. Prepare students for employment Harmonize educational efforts

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global implications of the bologna accord

Global Implications of the Bologna Accord

Dr. Marina Stock McIsaac

President, ICEM

Eger, Hungary, November 6, 2006

  • ICEM
    • UNESCO Affiliate
  • Agriamedia
    • Eszterházy Károly College
educational challenges
Educational Challenges
  • Prepare students for employment
  • Harmonize educational efforts
  • Collaborate
  • Prepare for the future
eszterh zy k roly college
Eszterházy Károly College
  • 250 year history
  • International
  • Humanities and sciences
  • Growth in population migration
  • Explosion of communication technology
  • Rapidly changing job markets
prepare for the future
Prepare for the Future
  • Increase employability
  • Allow for mobility
  • Prepare for new job skills
  • Recognize reduction trends
bologna process
Bologna Process
  • Mobility
  • Employability
  • Competitiveness
  • Attractiveness
actions to be taken
Actions to be taken
  • Comparable qualifications and grades
  • 3 cycle system; BA, MA, Ph.D
  • Transfer of credits (ECTS)
  • Mobility of teachers,students
  • Quality assurance of programs
  • Common European dimension to HE

“To make Europe the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world, capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion”

Lisbon Council, 2000

  • Knowledge-based economies
  • Education for all
  • Lifelong learning possibilities
  • Transferable programs
  • Options for mobility
  • New job opportunities
european higher education area ehea
European Higher Education Area (EHEA)
  • Compatible systems
  • Unified and transparent degrees
  • Internationally accredited schools
  • Internationally acclaimed programs
    • Transferable
    • Lifelong learning
    • Job retraining
bergen goals for 2010
Bergen goals for 2010
  • Intensify efforts for EHEA
  • Include innovative teaching
  • Include new learning environments
  • Provide sustainable funding
  • Student Concerns
  • Teacher Concerns
  • Institutional Concerns
  • Government Concerns
student concerns
Student Concerns
  • Increased costs
  • Underserved minorities
  • Diversification of teachers,students
  • Job opportunities
student concerns1
Student Concerns

“..will cost me more money..3 years will not prepare me the way the previous 5 year program did. New criteria will require a Master’s Degree to teach and there will be no jobs for the Bachelor’s degree”

teacher concerns
Teacher Concerns
  • Massive layoffs
  • Social disuption
  • Current teacher replacements with MA
  • Timely inservice training
institutional concerns
Institutional Concerns
  • 5 does not = 3+2
  • Retool staff
  • Reorganization of departments
  • Loss of faculty positions
government concerns
Government Concerns
  • Budget
  • Jobs
  • Standardize education
  • Avoid social upheaval
toward resource sharing
Toward Resource Sharing
  • Technology and resource sharing
  • Changing roles of teachers, students
  • Industrialized to information-based
  • Freely available, shared resources
accessible educational materials
Accessible Educational Materials
  • MIT, 2001 Open Courseware (OCW)
  • UNESCO, 2002 Open Education Resources (OER)
  • OU, 2006 Open Learn
open courseware ocw
Open Courseware (OCW)

“…a free and open educational resource (OER) for educators, students, and self-learners around the world.It is true to MIT's values of excellence, innovation, and leadership.

open education resources oer
Open Education Resources (OER)

“… digitized materials offered freely and openly for educators, students and self-learners to use and re-use for teaching, learning and research.”

open learn
Open Learn

“The OpenLearn website will make educational resources freely available on the internet, with state of the art learning support and collaboration tools to connect learners and educators.”

The Open University, 25 October 2006

bologna and lifelong learning
Bologna and Lifelong Learning
  • Provide inexpensive materials
  • Develop knowledge based economy
  • Achieve goals
    • Mobility, employability, competitiveness, attractiveness
  • Acquire skills and knowledge
  • Internationalization of education can provide:
    • Wider knowledge base
    • More diverse and skilled workforce
    • Greater cultural understanding
    • Better employment
    • Better mobility
    • Better lifestyle


thank you
Thank you