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Arrays and Collections. By: Engr. Faisal ur Rehman CE-105 Spring 2007. Array. Definition. A variable storing multiple values Called Matrix in Mathematics Alternatives are: Collection Scalar variables. Array Terms. ‘declaration Dim a(5) as integer. Data type. Name same for all

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Arrays and collections

Arrays and Collections

By: Engr. Faisal ur Rehman

CE-105 Spring 2007



Definition
Definition

  • A variable storing multiple values

  • Called Matrix in Mathematics

  • Alternatives are:

    • Collection

    • Scalar variables


Array terms
Array Terms

‘declaration

Dim a(5) as integer

Data

type

Name same for all

varaibles in this array

Index or subscript


Array terms1
Array Terms

  • Dimension: Specify the direction in which variable changes.

    • 1d = n x 1 Dim a(2) as double

    • 2d = m x n Dim a(2,2) as double

    • 3d = l x m x n Dim a(2,2,2) as double

  • Max 32 dimensions

  • More than 3 are rare

  • Rank: The Rank property returns the array's rank (number of dimensions).


Array terms2
Array Terms

2

1

0

3D

3x3x3

1D

3x1

2D

3x3

  • Dimensions


Array terms3
Array Terms

  • The GetLength method returns the length along the specified dimension

  • Def: Represents the number of elements in the specified dimension of the Array.

  • GetUpperBound (method): Gets the upper bound of the specified dimension in the Array

  • The Length property returns the total number of elements in the array.

  • The System.Array.Sort method sorts the elements of a one-dimensional array.


Array terms4
Array Terms

  • Jagged Array (Array of Array): Sometimes the data structure in your application is two-dimensional but not rectangular.

  • For example, you might have an array of months, each element of which is an array of days.

  • In such a case, you can use a jagged array instead of a multidimensional array.


Array terms5
Array Terms

  • The size of an array is the product of the lengths of all its dimensions.

  • It represents the total number of elements currently contained in the array.

    Example:

    Dim prices(3, 4, 5) As Long

  • The overall size of the array in variable prices is (3 + 1) x (4 + 1) x (5 + 1) = 120.

  • Determined by length property


Array term
Array Term

  • Reallocates storage space for an array variable.

  • Used for dynamic array (change length at runtime)An array with no elements is also called a zero-length array

  • You can initialize an array at the same time you create it.

  • Dim P(3) as double() = New double() {2, 4, 5, 6}



Collection
Collection

  • Collection is a data structure used for object

  • More efficient in storing items than an array.


Collection1
Collection

Index and Key Values

  • Instances of the Visual Basic Collection class allow you to access an item using either:

    • a numeric index

      -or-

    • a String key.

  • You can add items to Visual Basic Collection objects either with or without specifying a key.

  • If you add an item without a key, you must use its numeric index to access it.

    Item of Collection:

    A single / element of collection


Collection example
Collection Example

Dim birthdays As New Collection()

birthdays.Add(New DateTime(2001, 1, 12), "Bill")

birthdays.Add(New DateTime(2001, 1, 13), "Joe")

birthdays.Add(New DateTime(2001, 1, 14), "Mike")

birthdays.Add(New DateTime(2001, 1, 15), "Pete")

Dim aBirthday As DateTime

aBirthday = birthdays.Item("Bill")

MsgBox(CStr(aBirthday))

aBirthday = birthdays("Bill")

MsgBox(CStr(aBirthday))

End Sub



Q a assignment
Q & A(Assignment)

  • Define:

    • Array

    • Size of Array

    • Length of Array

    • Rank of Array

    • Dimension of Array

    • System.array.sort

    • Jagged Array

    • Dynamic array

  • Define:

    • Collection

    • Key

    • Index

    • Item