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Výukový materiál zpracovaný v rámci projektu PowerPoint Presentation
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Výukový materiál zpracovaný v rámci projektu

Výukový materiál zpracovaný v rámci projektu

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Výukový materiál zpracovaný v rámci projektu

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  1. Výukový materiál zpracovaný v rámci projektu Registrační číslo projektu: CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0199 Označení: VY_32_INOVACE_ANJ_VL_3_18 Sada: 3 Ověření ve výuce: Třída: 2. A 16. 9. 2013 Datum: 2. 9. 2013

  2. Předpřítomný čas prostý x minulý prostý Present Perfect x Past Simple Předmět: Anglický jazyk Tematická oblast: Grammar & Syntax Ročník: 2. ročník Anotace: Vymezení základních rozdílů v užití přítomného času prostého a minulého prostého. Jméno autora (vč. titulu): Mgr. Radka Volfová Škola – adresa: OA a VOŠE Tábor, Jiráskova 1615

  3. We use PresentPerfectSimple 8 10 • to saythatanactionhappenedatanunspecifiedtimebeforenow I think I have met himoncebefore. She has been to Italy twice. He hasn´tridden a horsebefore. • whentheaction in the past has a resultnow He toldme his name but I haveforgottenitnow. Sallyisn´tathome. She has gone shopping. Maria´sEnglish has improved a lot.

  4. Signalwords • already • I havealreadyfinished my homework. • just • Theyhave just arrived. • yet • Haveyouseenhimyet? • He hasn´tcalledmeyet. • ever • Haveyoueverbeen to Japan? • for • I met John 2 years ago. I haveknownhimfor 2 years. • since • I met John 2 years ago. I haveknownhimsince 2011.

  5. We use Past Simple 8 10 • for a completeaction in the past I drovehomeafterthe party last night. • forstates I didn´tknowwhatitwas. • foractionswhich go oneafteranother Whenwesawtheaccident, westoppedthe car. I camehome and my husbandtoldmethenews.

  6. Signalwords • yesterday • I met my oldfriend Tom yesterday. • last • Last week he bought a new car. • Shedidn´tcomehome last night. • I left London last year. • ago • Theymoved to Tábor 10 years ago.

  7. Exercise Put in thecorrect verb form: PresentPerfector Past Simple. • Ourvisitors ………. (arrive). They are sitting in the garden. • Thereisstill a problemwiththe TV. Someone ……….. (repair) it, but thenitbrokedownagain. • I ……….. (lose) my bank card. I can´tfinditanywhere. • Thematch ……….. (start). United are playingwell. • My sister ……….. (run) awayfromhome. But shecamebacktwodayslater. • Daniel ……….. (earn) somemoney last week. But I´mafraidhe´salreadyspentitall. • We ……….. (plant) anappletree in the garden. Unfortunatelyitdied. • Prices ………… (go) up. Everythingis more expensivethisyear. • Someone ………. (turn) on the hi-fi. What´sthat song called? • I ………. (phone) the office at 11 to speak to themanager, but he isn´t theretoday.

  8. Exercise - solution Put in thecorrect verb form: PresentPerfector Past Simple. • Ourvisitorshavearrived. They are sitting in the garden. • Thereisstill a problemwiththe TV. Someonerepairedit, but thenitbrokedownagain. • I havelostmy bank card. I can´tfinditanywhere. • Thematchhas started. United are playingwell. • My sisterran awayfromhome. But shecamebacktwodayslater. • Daniel earnedsomemoney last week. But I´mafraidhe´salreadyspentitall. • Weplantedanappletree in the garden. Unfortunatelyitdied. • Priceshavegoneup. Everythingis more expensivethisyear. • Someonehas turnedon the hi-fi. What´sthat song called? • I phonedthe office at 11 to speak to themanager, but he isn´t theretoday. Past simple Presentperfect

  9. Exercise Put in the verbs. Use Present Perfect or Past Simple. Tom: ………. (you / hear) the news about David? Mary: No. ……….. (what / happen)? Tom: ………. (he / have) an accident. He was walking down some steps. ………. (he / fall) and ………. (break) his leg. Mary: Oh, how awful! When ……….. (it / happen)? Tom: Yesterday afternoon. Melanie ……….. (tell) me about it last night. Mary: Last night! ……….. (you / know) about it last night, and ………………. (you / not / tell) me! Tom: Well, ……….. (I / not / see) you last night. And ………. (I / not / see) you today, until now. Mary: I hope he´s all right. ……….. (he / have) lots of accidents. You know. ……….. (he / do) the same thing about two years ago.

  10. Exercise - solution Put in the verbs. Use Present Perfect or Past Simple. Tom: Have you heard the news about David? Mary: No. What has happened? Tom: He has had an accident. He was walking down some steps. He fell and broke his leg. Mary: Oh, how awful! When did it happen? Tom: Yesterday afternoon. Melanie told me about it last night. Mary: Last night! You knew about it last night, and you didn´t tell me! Tom: Well, I didn´t see you last night. And I haven´t seen you today, until now. Mary: I hope he´s all right. He has had lots of accidents. You know. He did the same thing about two years ago. Presentperfect Past simple

  11. Seznam použité literatury a pramenů • Murphy, R., EssentialGrammar in Use, Cambridge University Press 2007 • Murphy, R., EnglishGrammar in Use, Cambridge University Press 2004 • Eastwood, J., Oxford PracticeGrammarIntermediate, Oxford University Press 2006 • obrázky – kliparty sady Microsoft Office