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26 Years in Space Operations. Commercial Space Travel: Proposed Training Requirements. May 2007. Derone Jenkins-Todd, PhD derone.i.jenkins-todd@nasa.gov. Specializing in Space . ENGINEERING Avionics Electrical Power Astrodynamics Vehicle Integration Trajectory Design Integrated Testing

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commercial space travel proposed training requirements

26 Years in Space Operations

Commercial Space Travel:Proposed Training Requirements

May 2007

Derone Jenkins-Todd, PhD

derone.i.jenkins-todd@nasa.gov

specializing in space
Specializing in Space
  • ENGINEERING
  • Avionics
  • Electrical Power
  • Astrodynamics
  • Vehicle Integration
  • Trajectory Design
  • Integrated Testing
  • Systems Simulation
  • SPACE OPERATIONS
  • Command & Control
  • Console Operations
  • Operations Concepts
  • Requirements Definition
  • Resource Planning
  • Real-time Mission Support
  • Procedures Development
  • Information Technology
  • Software Development
  • Integrated Systems Design
  • Specialized Prototypes
  • Database Management
  • Infrastructure Services
  • Network Design
  • Security Management
specializing in space flight training
Specializing in Space Flight Training
  • Training
  • Instructional Systems Design
  • Requirements Analysis
  • Custom Curricula Development
  • Total Media Selection
  • Train-the-Trainer Programs
  • Evaluations-Student/Trainer
  • Personnel Certification
why train at all
Why train at all?
  • Extreme conditions
  • High risk
  • For most, space travel of any sort is not a known quantity
barrios recommends
Barrios Recommends:
  • Standardized training for:
      • Passengers[Persons who are aboard, but not trained to operate the vehicle.]
      • Crew - [Persons aboard who are trained to operate the vehicle]
      • Ground Support Personnel – [Controllers, trainers, etc.]
  • Standardized training :
  • Facilitates common and repeated use aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order and consistency.
  • Providesa criterion for evaluating performance and results.
passenger training what do they need to know
Passenger Training:What do they need to know?
  • While commercial airline passengers travel with little to no training at all, space tourists must have some training. The training should include:
  • Vehicle Familiarization
  • Safety
  • Emergency Procedures
  • Physiological Effects
  • What to do and experience during the
  • flight
passenger vehicle familiarization
Passenger Vehicle Familiarization

The goal of vehicle familiarization training for passengers is to promote “informed consent.” This training includes:

  • General explanation of vehicle operation
  • Description of the flight profile
  • Very basic description of the hardware
  • Instructions which include any passenger used equip:
    • Seats
    • Toilet
    • Galley
    • Cameras
    • Suits
passenger safety training
Passenger Safety Training

Passenger safety training must include minimal safety procedures, similar to airline safety training, but specific to the commercial space vehicle:

  • What not to do or touch
  • What company has done to ensure passenger safety
passenger emergency training
Passenger Emergency Training

Emergency Procedure Training

  • Train survivable, rapid response emergencies:
    • Fire
    • Rapid depress
  • Egress
  • Rescue
common physiological effects
Common Physiological Effects
  • Nausea
  • Space adaptation sickness
  • Weightlessness
  • Congestion
  • Pressure
prepare the passenger for the experience
Prepare the Passenger for the Experience
  • Weightlessness
  • Great views
  • Photography
  • Small science experiments
    • Jell-O
    • Balls of water
  • Spiritual experiences

The training program itself should be a WOW experience!

training for crews and ground support personnel
Training for crews and ground support personnel

Initial crews and ground support personnel may be the engineers that designed the vehicle, however later personnel will not come from the original teams.

Training requirements need to match the duties of crew and controller rather than the design engineer.

FYI:The average NASA flight/mission controller serves for five years.

crew and ground personnel training
Crew and Ground Personnel Training
  • Fundamental Operation of vehicle hardware and software
  • Nominal operations training
  • Select number of emergency procedures that safe the vehicle and the crew
  • Cockpit Resource Management (CRM)
    • Train leadership skills so that the crew can manage passengers during both nominal and emergency scenarios.
    • Emphasis on communication and teamwork
training facilities for crew and ground personnel
Training Facilities for Crew and Ground Personnel

Would you fly with a pilot who obtained his/her training solely from a text book?

Training facilities must be appropriate for the training objectives.

Scoping training facilities requirements is a crucial step in facility development.

the most important element
Certification Processes

Measure the achievement of the training

Make an official statement of that achievement

Certify personnel (ground and crew) to government standards to facilitate safe and effective operations.

Certify passengers to government standards to facilitate:

Informed consent

Safe experience

Why Certify?

Establishes a level of competence and knowledge.

Provides a qualitative measure of service offered

Facilitates the screening of personnel and passengers

Promotes an enjoyable, safe experience.

The Most Important Element
recommendations from barrios technology summary
Passenger Training:

Vehicle Familiarization

Safety

Emergency Procedures

Physiological Effects

What to do and experience during the flight

Crew and Ground Support Personnel Training:

Fundamental Operation of vehicle hardware and software

Nominal operations training

Select number of emergency procedures that safe the vehicle and the crew

Cockpit Resource Management (CRM)

Recommendations from Barrios Technology - Summary

Whether government required or industry generated, the extreme conditions and high risk environment of commercial space flight demands standard training with certifiable outcomes for passengers, crew, and ground support personnel.

A safe enjoyable experience is built upon effective and efficient training.