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Terrestrial Group Progress. All-Hand Meeting Dec 2, 2011. Working Group IB: Terrestrial. Models in BioEarth-Land. VIC: large-scale physical hydrology. Streamflow routing. CropSyst : point-scale cropping systems. ColSim : Reservoirs and Water Management.

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terrestrial group progress

Terrestrial Group Progress

All-Hand Meeting

Dec 2, 2011

models in bioearth land
Models in BioEarth-Land

VIC: large-scale physical hydrology

Streamflow routing

CropSyst: point-scale cropping systems

ColSim: Reservoirs and Water Management

RHESSys: watershed-scaleecohydrology

progress towards vic rhessys integration
Progress Towards VIC/RHESSys Integration
  • VIC grids converted from latitude/longitude boxes to watershed boundaries (see right)
  • RHESSys will run at a finer resolution (for each “patch”) within each VIC grid, handling all hydrology
  • RHESSys patches resolution will be finer within riparian areas and coarser in upland areas; these scales are one of our research questions
  • Patches will be sub-divided statistically to increase computational efficiency (i.e., the patches can be bigger)
  • RHESSys will route flow within the VIC grid; a separate routing algorithm will be used to route flow contributed from the VIC grids
progress in dataset development and offline simulations
Progress in Dataset Development and Offline Simulations

1) 3-arc (about 90 meters) resolution DEM data over the Pacific North West; delineation of watershed boundaries with different size/levels;

2) 1-km resolution aggregated CDL 2010 (Cropland Data Layer) data sets, each grid has fractional area of different crop types and natural vegetations;

3) Generated metdata for running RHESSys from VIC input met data;

4) Improved VIC by introducing an option that outputting whole region’s daily results as one single arc/info ascii format grid file which increased the overall computational efficiency by about 70%;

5) Added a sub-routine in RHESSys to read netcdf format metdata;

6) Made a simulation with VIC for the period of 1915-2006 over the PNW.

slide7

Fractional vegetation cover with 1-km resolution aggregated from CDL data sets (Left: Corn; Right: Winter Wheat)

slide8
Offline VIC simulations: the anomalies of evapotranspiration, runoff, and precipitation during 1915-2006 over the Pacific North West (PNW)
offline vic simulations
Offline VIC simulations

ET

Runoff

Precipitation

Linear trend of estimated annual ET and runoff with VIC model and the precipitation during 1915-2006 (unit: percentage)

n fixation addition to rhessys
N Fixation Addition to RHESSys
  • Current N cycle structure

PSN: Farquhar model + Soil mineral N available

      • Soil mineral N-avail: decomposition + uptake - denitrification
      • Potential PSN (farq): N demand
      • If soil mineral N-avail < N demand, reduce PSN
  • N fixation addition
      • If soil mineral N-avail < N demand, use some PSN to fix N
      • At carbon costs, as a function of temperature
slide11

Proposed Focus Sites

Wet Site: Mckenzie River Watershed

(Willamette River Basin)

Dry Site: TBD (Deschutes River Basin)

Willamette

Deschutes

McKenzie

Modified after “Map of Oregon showing the Willamette and Deschutes Basins”(http://pnwho.forestry.oregonstate.edu/site/index.php)

proposed research questions
Proposed Research Questions

The following four questions are in line with our milestone for 2012-2013 and each will lead to a publishable manuscript:

  • Q1: How does global warming affect N retention and export at a local/patch scale (no redistribution)?
  • Q2: How does watershed redistribution of moisture and N input impact N retention and export under global warming?
  • Q3: How does model implementation scale affect N retention and export and the sensitivity of N processes?
  • Q4: How do changes in species and disturbances in watersheds affect N retention and export?
news progress from john
NEWS Progress (from John)
  • Headway in the development of a global, seasonal NEWS-DIN model, and the insights gained from that effort can be put to use in BioEarth. 
  • We are also starting to dig into the Millennium Assessment scenario runs for the continental US, an effort which is also relevant to BioEarth, though not a BioEarth product. 
  • Optimistic about prospects for bringing a good student on board for NEWS/BioEarth work in the fall of 2012.
kirti rajagopalan civil and environmental engineering
Kirti Rajagopalan, Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Research Area: Impacts of climate change on irrigated agricultural productivity in the CRB
  • Progress on her dissertation (and towards BioEarth) through our Dep. of Ecology CRB supply and demand forecast
tools developed
Tools Developed
  • Developed the coupled crop hydrology model VIC-CropSyst
  • Developed an integrated framework involving the biophysical components VIC-CropSyst, reservoir modeling and water rights information for curtailment as well as an economics component Columbia River Basin (some components for the Washington part of the Columbia River Basin only)
a pplication of tools
Application of tools
  • To project 2030s water supply and irrigation demand in the Columbia River Basin
  • To study the effect of climate change as well as economics on irrigated agriculture (crop water demand, cropping pattern and crop yield) at the watershed scale.
  • Lessons learned will be used the improve the biophysical model components for BioEarth
biophysical economic modeling integration
Biophysical/Economic Modeling Integration

Inputs

Modeling Steps

Outputs

Biophysical Modeling:

VIC-CropSyst, Reservoirs, Curtailment

Future Climate Scenario

  • Water Supply
  • Irrigation Water Demand
  • Unmet Irrigation Water Demand
  • Effects on Crop Yield
  • Adjusted Crop Acreage
  • Selective Deficit Irrigation

Water Management Scenario

  • Crop Yield (as impacted by climate and water availability)

Economic Scenario

Economic Modeling:

Agricultural Producer Response

keyvan malek biological systems engineering
Keyvan Malek, Biological Systems Engineering
  • Research Area: VIC-CropSyst Case study on Yakima River basin irrigated agriculture
    • Climate change impacts
    • Impacts of irrigation efficiency on distribution of crop yield across the basin
    • Nitrogen efficiency
  • Progress towards BioEarth development
    • Generation of soil file over PNW and western US domains (with Roger Nelson)
    • Improvement of VIC-CropSyst dynamic coupling
julian reyes civil and environmental engineering nspire
Julian Reyes, Civil and Environmental Engineering (NSPIRE)
  • Research Question: How does atmospheric deposition of nitrogen (ADN) change in response to global change, and how does this deposition affect nutrient cycling and potential C sequestration in the terrestrial biosphere?
    • Investigation through empirical and process-based models (i.e. RHESSys, nitrogen dilution curve)
    • In particular, look at grasslands and forests.
slide21
Justin Poinsatte, Biological SciencesWhat are the impacts of atmospheric nitrogen deposition on sensitive, high elevation ecosystems?

Influences on:

  • Biogeochemical cycling
  • Vegetation physiology
  • Microbial and vegetation communities
research approach
Research Approach
  • Ecosystem Modeling
    • Determine response to N deposition
  • Field Experiment
    • N deposition levels as field treatments
  • Analysis
    • Parameterize model with field data
    • Compare model output to field measurements
n deposition sarah anderson biological sciences
N DepositionSarah Anderson, Biological Sciences

Research Questions

  • What are the sources contributing N deposition?
  • What are the patterns of N transport?
  • What effect does this have to sensitive ecosystems in the Pacific Northwest?

Goal: Answer these questions by combining stable isotope techniques & regional modeling

Current Projects Analyzing

NADP Samples & Snowpack

15N

18O

Δ17O