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A Dividing Nation. History Alive! Chapter 21. The North has four seasons and cold winters had business and industry steamboats and lots of railroad lines. The South has mild winters, long summers, and lots of rain had agriculture, especially cotton and used slave labor

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A dividing nation

A Dividing Nation

History Alive! Chapter 21

Some differences between north and south

The North

has four seasons

and cold winters

had business and


steamboats and

lots of railroad


The South

has mild winters,

long summers, and

lots of rain

had agriculture,

especially cotton

and used slave labor

steamboats, but

few railroad lines

Some differences between North and South





The North wanted

the Tallmadge Amendment added to Missouri’s application for statehood

no slavery west of the Mississippi

The South wanted

Missouri to be allowed to choose to be a slave state

all new states to be allowed to decide for slavery or against slavery in the state


Compromise the missouri compromise

The North accepted

Missouri as a slave state

The South accepted

Maine as a free state


36 30 as the future line to divide free states in the North from slave states in the South

COMPROMISEThe Missouri Compromise

The Missouri Compromise kept the country together but…

The North really wanted


The South really wanted

states to be free to decide


The Northern abolitionists wanted no slavery in the capital, Washington, D.C. (is not a state)

John Quincy Adams proposed that no African Americans born after 1845 would be slaves

Congress created a GAG rule that would keep everyone silent about slavery so that the compromise would hold




Nat Turner and other slaves rebelled Washington, D.C. (is not a state)

Northern abolitionists helped runaway (fugitive) slaves

When Pres. Polk wanted money from Congress to pay for a war with Mexico, the Wilmot Proviso said that all land taken from Mexico would become free states

California wanted to join union as free state

Southern slaveholders made new laws to control slaves and tried to keep abolitionist writing away from slaves

Southern slaveholders said people who helped slaves were stealing their property

South said that states should decide themselves

South said that if California was free, the balance between free and slave states would be lost


Compromise the compromise of 1850

The North accepted Washington, D.C. (is not a state)

that land taken from Mexico could become slave or free states

that slaveholders in Washington D.C. could keep their slaves

that there was a stronger Fugitive Slave Law

The South accepted

California as a free state

the end of slave trade in Washington D.C.

COMPROMISEThe Compromise of 1850


Northerners were angered Washington, D.C. (is not a state)

by the Fugitive Slave Law and refused to follow it

by the Ostend Manifesto, a message Northerners said showed that President Franklin Pierce wanted to take Cuba from Spain to make it a slave state

by the Kansas-Nebraska Act which broke the Missouri Compromise and said these territories could choose to become free or slave states

Southern slaveholders were angered

by Northerners refusal to return fugitive slaves

by the novel about a cruel slave owner, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which turned more Northerners against slavery



Northerners were upset Washington, D.C. (is not a state) when slavery supporters in Kansas invaded an abolitionist town, burned down a hotel, threw printing presses in a river, and looted houses

Southerners were upset when abolitionist John Brown and others took revenge by raiding a town and killing five slavery supporters



Southerners were upset Washington, D.C. (is not a state) when Northerner Sumner gave a very harsh speech against Southern congressmen, including the senator who wrote the Kansas-Nebraska Act

Northerners were upset when Southerner Preston Brooks attacked Sumner and beat him with a cane so badly that it took him 3 ½ years to recover



The North was upset Washington, D.C. (is not a state) by the

Dred Scott Decision

Dred Scott, a slave, said he should be free because he lived in a free state with his master

The Supreme Court said he had no legal standing because he was not a citizen and that no African Americans, slave or free, could ever become citizens

The Court said the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional because it took away the property rights of slaveholders – and that slavery would be allowed in all of the territories

The South was upset

When abolitionist John Brown and others tried to steal weapons from an arsenal (in Harper’s Ferry, Virginia) to give to slaves to help them rebel

In 1860 when Northerner Abraham Lincoln was elected



The South was upset Washington, D.C. (is not a state) when

Lincoln told a reporter he


support the Fugitive Slave Law and not interfere with slavery in the South

BUT he would

NOT support opening new territories to slavery

“Let there be no compromise.”

The North was upset when

South Carolina seceded

6 more Southern states seceded

Southerners fired on the U.S. federal Fort Sumter