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1972. 1984. The “Age of Limits”. The Age of Limits MAIN THEMES How existing social norms were greatly challenged and to some extent altered by movements of youth, ethnic minorities, and women.

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the age of limits



The “Age of Limits”


The Age of Limits

  • How existing social norms were greatly challenged and to some extent altered by movements of youth, ethnic minorities, and women.
  • That President Nixon and his national security adviser, Henry Kissinger, believed that stability in a "multipolar" world could be achieved only by having the United States forge a new relationship with China and seek détente with the Soviet Union.
  • How the scandals collectively known as Watergate brought about the downfall of Richard Nixon.
  • That President Reagan's optimistic personality and his brand of conservatism, which included both a reduced role for government in the economy and a greater emphasis on military spending, combined to spell political success for the president and his Republican Party.
  • How and why the New Right came to offer a significant challenge to the liberal consensus that had dominated American politics since the New Deal.
The Youth Culture
    • The Counterculture
    • The New Left
      • SDS
      • Berkeley revolts
      • Anti-Militarism
    • The Legacy?
      • American Foreign Policy
      • Political
      • Cultural
The Mobilization of Minorities
    • The Indian Civil Rights Movement
    • Latino Activism
    • Gay Liberation
  • The New Feminism
The Indian Civil Rights Movement

1953-Termination Policy

1968- American Indian Movement (AIM)

1973/1890: Wounded Knee

Leonard Peltier

The Mobilization of Minorities
    • Latino Activism

1980 – Marielitos Cubans

      • Expanded immigration

1965 - Immigration Act (no national quotas)

      • Cesar Chavez
      • La Raza, Unida
Gay Liberation

1960 - “Stonewall Riot”

-“Coming Out”


1993- Do ask Don’t Tell

The New Feminism

1960 - NOW

    • Failure of Equal Rights Amendment
    • The Abortion Controversy

1973 - Roe Vs. Wade

Politics and Economics Under Nixon
    • Domestic Initiatives
      • Affirmative Action
      • Abolish OEO
    • The Third World
      • Portugal v. Angola

Richard M. Nixon (Library of Congress)

Politics and Economics Under Nixon
    • From the Warren Court to the Nixon Court
    • Warren Court

1962 – Engel v. Fink (Prayer in Public School)

1966 - Miranda Vs. Arizona (Miranda Warning)

    • Rhenquist Court

1971 – Swann v. Mecklenburg Board of Education


1972 – Furman v. Georgia (Capital Punishment)

1973 – Roe v. Wade

1974 - Milliken Vs. Bradley (inter district school transfers)

Politics and Economics Under Nixon
    • The Election of 1972
      • George Wallace
      • Watergate
Politics and Economics Under Nixon
    • The Nixon Response
      • Stagflation
      • OPEC
The Watergate Crisis
  • The Scandals
  • The Fall of Richard Nixon

“What did the president know and when did he know it?”

Senator Howard Baker

“Our long national nightmare is over.”

Gerald Ford

Politics and Diplomacy After Watergate
    • The Ford Custodianship

Gerald Ford (Library of Congress)

Politics and Diplomacy After Watergate
    • Human Rights and National Interests

Jimmy Carter (Library of Congress)

Politics and Diplomacy After Watergate
    • The Year of the Hostages
      • Iranian fundamentalism
      • Soviet invasion
The Rise of the American Right
    • The Sunbelt and Its Politics
The Rise of the American Right
    • The Tax Revolt
    • Religious Revivalism and the Emergence of the New Right
      • Evangelism
      • “Christian Right”
      • Conservatism
The Rise of the American Right
  • The Campaign of 1980
The “Reagan Revolution”
    • Reagan in the White House

Ronald Reagan (Library of Congress)

The “Reagan Revolution”
  • “Supply-Side” Economics
The “Reagan Revolution”
    • The Fiscal Crisis
      • Deficit Spending
      • Tax Cuts
      • Cuts on Domestic Spending
The “Reagan Revolution”
    • Reagan and the World
      • SALT II
      • Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)
      • Reagan Doctrine
The “Reagan Revolution”
    • The Election of 1984


  • A thorough study of Chapter 32 should enable you to understand:
    • The reasons for the rise of the New Left and the counterculture.
    • The problems of American Indians and Hispanics and the nature of their protest movements.
    • The meaning of the new feminism.
    • The Nixon-Kissinger policy for terminating the Vietnam War and the subsequent Paris peace settlement.
    • The changes in American foreign policy necessitated by the new perception of the world as multipolar.
    • The ways in which the Supreme Court in the Nixon years began a change to a more conservative posture and the reasons for this change.
    • The reasons for the decline in the American economy in the early 1970s and President Nixon's reaction to the decline.
    • The significance of Watergate as an indication of the abuse of executive power.


  • A thorough study of Chapter 33 should enable you to understand:
    • The efforts of President Gerald Ford to overcome the effects of Richard Nixon's resignation.
    • The rapid emergence of Jimmy Carter as a national figure and the reasons for his victory in 1976.
    • Carter's emphasis on human rights and its effects on international relations.
    • Carter's role in bringing about the Camp David agreement and the impact of this agreement on the Middle East.
    • Why the United States had so much difficulty in freeing the hostages held by Iran and the effect of this episode on the Carter presidency.
    • The political importance of the rise of the Sunbelt and the increasing strength of conservative evangelical Christianity.
    • The nature of the "Reagan revolution" and the meaning of "supply-side" economics.
    • The staunchly anticommunist Reagan foreign policy.